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Laceration Repair

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10 papers 25 to 100 followers Wound management
By Merlin Curry MD, EMT-P
Nicole Berwald, Feras Khan, Shahriar Zehtabchi
BACKGROUND: The benefit of antibiotic prophylaxis for simple hand lacerations (lacerations that do not involve special structures) has not been adequately studied. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial to determine the role of antibiotic prophylaxis in emergency department (ED) patients with simple hand lacerations. METHODS: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial in 2 urban academic EDs. Adult (≥18 years old) patients with simple hand lacerations were randomized to cephalexin, 500 mg; clindamycin, 300 mg; or placebo (every 6 hours for 7 days, all in identical capsules)...
July 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Stuart Harman, Roger Zemek, Mary Jean Duncan, Yvonne Ying, William Petrcich
BACKGROUND: Some children feel pain during wound closures using tissue adhesives. We sought to determine whether a topically applied analgesic solution of lidocaine-epinephrine-tetracaine would decrease pain during tissue adhesive repair. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded trial involving 221 children between the ages of 3 months and 17 years. Patients were enrolled between March 2011 and January 2012 when presenting to a tertiary-care pediatric emergency department with lacerations requiring closure with tissue adhesive...
September 17, 2013: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Eric Alan Weiss, George Oldham, Michelle Lin, Tammy Foster, James Victor Quinn
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a significant difference in the infection rates of wounds irrigated with sterile normal saline (SS) versus tap water (TW), before primary wound closure. DESIGN: Single centre, prospective, randomised, double-blind controlled trial. Wound irrigation solution type was computer randomised and allocation was done on a sequential basis. SETTING: Stanford University Medical Center Department of Emergency Medicine...
January 16, 2013: BMJ Open
Muhammad Waseem, Viraj Lakdawala, Rohit Patel, Ramnath Kapoor, Mark Leber, Xuming Sun
BACKGROUND: Lacerations account for a large number of ED visits. Is there a "golden period" beyond which lacerations should not be repaired primarily? What type of relationship exists between time of repair and wound infection rates? Is it linear or exponential? Currently, the influence of laceration age on the risk of infection in simple lacerations repaired is not clearly defined. We conducted this study to determine the influence of time of primary wound closure on the infection rate...
July 26, 2012: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Shahriar Zehtabchi, Audrey Tan, Kabir Yadav, Amr Badawy, Michael Lucchesi
BACKGROUND: The influence of wound age on the risk of infection in simple lacerations repaired in the emergency department (ED) has not been well studied. It has traditionally been taught that there is a "golden period" beyond which lacerations are at higher risk of infection and therefore should not be closed primarily. The proposed cutoff for this golden period has been highly variable (3-24h in surgical textbooks). Our objective is to answer the following research question: are wounds closed via primary repair after the golden period at increased risk for infection? METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and other databases as well as bibliographies of relevant articles...
November 2012: Injury
Adam J Singer, Stuart Chale, Phil Giardano, Michael Hocker, Charles Cairns, Richard Hamilton, Milan Nadkarni, Angela M Mills, Judd E Hollander
OBJECTIVES: A novel wound closure device combining a mesh tape and octylcyanoacrylate (OCA) topical skin adhesive (TSA) was developed to facilitate wound closure and enhance the adhesive's strength. The objective of this study was to determine whether the incidence of wound dehiscence after laceration repair with the new device was equivalent to that after use of a high-viscosity OCA. We hypothesized that the rate of complete wound edge apposition would be equivalent for the two closure devices...
October 2011: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Richard F Edlich, George T Rodeheaver, John G Thacker, Kant Y Lin, David B Drake, Shelley S Mason, Courtney A Wack, Margot E Chase, Curt Tribble, William B Long, Robert J Vissers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During the last four decades, our research team has devised advances in wound repair that are highlighted in Part II of this collective review. DISCUSSION: There are several different methods to provide an accurate and secure approximation of the skin edges-sutures, tapes, staples, and tissue adhesives. Ideally, the selection of the wound closure technique will be based on the biologic interaction of the materials employed, tissue configuration, and biomechanical properties of the trauma wound...
February 2010: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Vsevolod S Perelman, Gregory J Francis, Tim Rutledge, John Foote, Frank Martino, George Dranitsaris
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although sterile technique for laceration management continues to be recommended, studies supporting this practice are lacking. Using clean nonsterile gloves rather than individually packaged sterile gloves for uncomplicated wound repair in the emergency department may result in cost and time savings. This study is designed to determine whether the rate of infection after repair of uncomplicated lacerations in immunocompetent patients is comparable using clean nonsterile gloves versus sterile gloves...
March 2004: Annals of Emergency Medicine
D J Dire, M Coppola, D A Dwyer, J J Lorette, J L Karr
OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in infection rates among uncomplicated, repaired wounds managed with: topical bacitracin zinc (BAC); neomycin sulfate, bacitracin zinc, and polymyxin B sulfate combination (NEO); silver sulfadiazine (SIL); and petrolatum (PTR). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted at a military community hospital with an emergency medicine residency program. Patients were enrolled if they: presented to the ED within 12 hours of injury and did not have puncture wounds, allergies to the agents used, or a history of immunocompromise; were not receiving antibiotics, chemotherapy, or steroids at the time of presentation; had not taken antibiotics within the preceding seven days; did not have an underlying fracture; and were not pregnant as determined by history...
January 1995: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
W A Berk, D D Osbourne, D D Taylor
Uncertainty about the existence and duration of a "golden period" for suture repair of simple wounds led us to evaluate prospectively the consequences of delayed primary closure on wound healing. Wounds were eligible for study if they were not grossly infected, and had no associated injuries to nerves, blood vessels, tendons, or bone. Three hundred seventy-two patients underwent suture repair; 204 (54.8%) returned for review seven days later. The mean time from wounding to repair for all patients was 24.2 +/- 18...
May 1988: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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