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Fetal neuro anomalies

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Chad Klauser Maternal Fetal Medicine physician in NYC
Tejaswi Kandula, Michael Fahey, Rebecca Chalmers, Andrew Edwards, Paul Shekleton, Mark Teoh, Jenni Clark, Stacy K Goergen
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral ventriculomegaly is one of the most commonly detected fetal anomalies at the midtrimester ultrasound. Current evidence suggests that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is indicated when the isolated ventriculomegaly (IVM) on ultrasound is severe (>15 mm), but there is less agreement when IVM is mild or moderate (10-15 mm). The current study aimed to determine the frequency and nature of additional findings on MRI in IVM and their relationship to the severity of VM and gestational age...
April 2015: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Stephen P Emery, W Allen Hogge, Lyndon M Hill
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to determine the success rate of prenatally diagnosed isolated aqueductal stenosis (AS) as a first step in an evidence-based reassessment of ventriculoamniotic shunting for isolated AS. METHODS: Cases of ventriculomegaly at Magee-Womens Hospital between 2006 and 2013 were ascertained. AS was suspected when prenatal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated signs of pressure hydrocephalus. The prenatal diagnosis generated by ultrasound and MRI was compared with the postnatal diagnosis based upon neonatal neuroimaging...
April 2015: Prenatal Diagnosis
Beverly G Coleman, Jill E Langer, Steven C Horii
Myelomeningocele (MMC) is one of the most devastating, nonlethal congenital anomalies worldwide. The live birth prevalence of MMC changed dramatically in the 1980s with the introduction of maternal serum screening and the widespread use of prenatal ultrasound imaging. The high-resolution ultrasound affordable today with state-of-the-art equipment allows us to make a very accurate diagnosis of MMC, including details related to the entire fetal central nervous system. Ultrasound can accurately localize the site of the osseous and soft tissue defects...
2015: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
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