Pervez Sultan, Kazuo Ando, Ellile Sultan, Jessica E Hawkins, Ahish Chitneni, Nadir Sharawi, Nishant Sadana, Lindsay E A Blake, Preet M Singh, Pamela Flood, Brendan Carvalho
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review using Consensus Based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) guidelines to identify the best available patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) of postpartum pain. METHODS: This review follows COSMIN guidelines. We searched four databases with no date limiters, for previously identified validated PROMs used to assess postpartum pain. PROMs evaluating more than one author-defined domain of postpartum pain were assessed...
August 2021: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Carlo Pancaro, Jasmine Purtell, Dana LaBuda, Leif Saager, Thomas T Klumpner, Timur Dubovoy, Baskar Rajala, Shubhangi Singh, Ruth Cassidy, Christie Vahabzadeh, Sean Maxwell, Virgil Manica, David M Eckmann, Jill M Mhyre, Milo C Engoren
BACKGROUND: While flexible epidural catheters reduce the risk of paresthesia and intravascular cannulation, they may be more challenging to advance beyond the tip of a Tuohy needle. This may increase placement time, number of attempts, and possibly complications when establishing labor analgesia. This study investigated the ability to advance flexible epidural catheters through different epidural needles from 2 commonly used, commercially available, epidural kits. METHODS: We hypothesized that the multiorifice wire-reinforced polyamide nylon blend epidural catheters will have a higher rate of successful first attempt insertion than the single-end hole wire-reinforced polyurethane catheters for the establishment of labor analgesia...
July 1, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
P Sultan, B Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2021: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
P Sultan, E Sultan, B Carvalho
This narrative review discusses recent evidence surrounding the use of regional anaesthesia in the obstetric setting, including intrapartum techniques for labour and operative vaginal delivery, and caesarean delivery. Pudendal nerve blockade, ideally administered by an obstetrician, should be considered for operative vaginal delivery if neuraxial analgesia is contraindicated. Regional techniques are increasingly utilised in clinical practice for caesarean delivery to minimise opioid consumption, reduce pain, improve postpartum recovery and facilitate earlier discharge as part of enhanced recovery protocols...
January 2021: Anaesthesia
Elisa Walsh, Yi Zhang, Hannah Madden, James Lehrich, Lisa Leffert
Neuraxial anesthesia provides optimal labor analgesia and cesarean delivery anesthesia. Obstetric patients with disorders of the vertebral column, spinal cord and neuromuscular system present unique challenges to the anesthesiologist. Potential concerns include mechanical interference, patient injury and the need for imaging. Unfortunately, the existing literature regarding neuraxial anesthesia in these patients is largely limited to case series and rare retrospective studies. The lack of practice guidance may lead to unwarranted fear of patient harm and subsequent avoidance of neuraxial anesthesia for cesarean delivery or neuraxial analgesia for labor, with additional risks of exposure to general anesthesia...
March 2021: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Inge Putri, Koen Simons, Jonathan Nettle, Anthony Woodward
BACKGROUND: The use of epidural as a form of analgesia is increasingly common in labour, but this has shown to have been associated with increased rates of instrumental delivery, and prolonged second stage, resulting in increased rates of OASIS (Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injury). AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the impact of epidural anaesthesia in multiparous women undergoing vaginal deliveries on OASIS and secondary maternal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of multiparous women with singleton pregnancies delivering at term ≥37 weeks and the use of epidural analgesia in labour at a tertiary hospital in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, the Royal Women's Hospital was undertaken between the period 2012-2018...
February 2021: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
J Fleet, C Sok, E R Randall, A M Cyna
BACKGROUND: In 2017, a South Australia Perinatal Practice Guideline was introduced state-wide for the use of subcutaneous fentanyl for labour analgesia as a replacement for intramuscular pethidine. We retrospectively reviewed the implementation of this practice change in our institution. METHODS: A retrospective review of maternal and neonatal case notes for the first 100 women administered subcutaneous fentanyl in labour at a single tertiary referral centre for maternity care, between February and June 2017...
February 2021: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
L C Gaudernack, T M Michelsen, T Egeland, N Voldner, M Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Prolonged labor might contribute to a negative birth experience and influence first-time mothers' attitudes towards future pregnancies. Previous studies have not adjusted for possible confounding factors, such as operative delivery, induction and postpartum hemorrhage. We aimed to determine the impact of prolonged labor on birth experience and a wish for cesarean section in subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: A survey including the validated "Childbirth Experience Questionnaire"...
October 8, 2020: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Andrea R Deussen, Pat Ashwood, Ruth Martis, Fiona Stewart, Luke E Grzeskowiak
BACKGROUND: Women may experience differing types of pain and discomfort following birth, including cramping pain (often called after-birth pain) associated with uterine involution, where the uterus contracts to reduce blood loss and return the uterus to its non-pregnant size. This is an update of a review first published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain relief/analgesia for the relief of after-birth pains following vaginal birth...
October 20, 2020: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Gloria Anderson, Maurizio Zega, Fabio D'Agostino, Maria Luisa Rega, Sofia Colaceci, Gianfranco Damiani, Rosaria Alvaro, Antonello Cocchieri
OBJECTIVE: To identify and meta-synthesize results of qualitative studies on the needs of women cared for by midwives during childbirth in hospitals. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Embase, and the Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: We restricted the bibliographic search to articles published in English to July 31, 2020. The initial search yielded 6,407 articles, and after 2,504 duplicates were removed, we screened the titles and abstracts of 3,903 articles...
November 17, 2020: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Nadir Sharawi, Prannal Bansal, Matthew Williams, Horace Spencer, Jill M Mhyre
BACKGROUND: For emergent intrapartum cesarean delivery (CD), the literature does not support the use of any particular local anesthetic solution to extend epidural analgesia to cesarean anesthesia. We hypothesized that 3% chloroprocaine (CP) would be noninferior to a mixture of 2% lidocaine, 150 µg of epinephrine, 2 mL of 8.4% bicarbonate, and 100 µg of fentanyl (LEBF) in terms of onset time to surgical anesthesia. METHODS: In this single-center randomized noninferiority trial, adult healthy women undergoing CD were randomly assigned to epidural anesthesia with either CP or LEBF...
March 1, 2021: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Felix Haidl, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Anne-Marte Rørvik, Vegard Dahl
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, epidural analgesia has been maintained using a continuous infusion (CEI) with the addition of patient-controlled boluses (PCEA). In recent years, programmed intermittent boluses (PIEB) has emerged as an alternative showing better efficacy in randomized studies. In this study, the aim was to test PIEB + PCEA vs CEI + PCEA using an epidural solution containing adrenaline. METHODS: In total, 150 nulliparous and multiparous laboring women were randomized to maintain epidural analgesia with either PIEB + PCEA (5 ml bolus every hour, 5 ml PCEA bolus lockout 20 minutes) or CEI + PCEA (5 ml/h, 5 ml PCEA bolus, lockout 20 minutes) using a solution of bupivacaine 1mg/ml, fentanyl 2 mcg/ml and adrenaline 2 mcg/ml...
November 2020: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Victoria Hall Moran, Gillian Thomson, Julie Cook, Hannah Storey, Leanne Beeson, Christine MacArthur, Matthew Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To explore women's experiences of remifentanil or pethidine for labour pain and infant feeding behaviours at 6weeks post partum. DESIGN: Qualitative postnatal sub-study to the randomised controlled trial of remifentanil intravenous patient controlled analgesia (PCA) versus intramuscular pethidine for pain relief in labour (RESPITE). Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted at 6 weeks post partum, and thematic analysis was undertaken. SETTING: Women recruited to the RESPITE trial from seven UK hospitals...
December 23, 2019: BMJ Open
Tetyana Postonogova, Chloe Xu, Albert Moore
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing use of marijuana during pregnancy, and online accounts indicate that women are considering use of marijuana for labour pain. However, the number and attitudes of women who would consider this are unknown. METHODS: In a university hospital, over a period of 1 month, a total of 132 women with vaginal deliveries completed a survey exploring attitudes towards labour analgesia and marijuana use. Patients who would and would not consider marijuana for labour pain were compared using chi-square analysis...
June 2020: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC
Ryu Komatsu, Kazuo Ando, Pamela D Flood
A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies that reported risk factors for persistent pain after childbirth. Many studies have sought to identify risk factors for post-delivery pain in different populations, using different methodologies and different outcome variables. Studies of several different but interrelated post-partum pain syndromes have been conducted. Factors strongly and specifically associated with persistent incisional scar pain after Caesarean delivery include a coexisting persistent pain problem in another part of the body and severe acute postoperative pain...
March 2020: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Danielle O'Rourke-Suchoff, Lauren Sobel, Erica Holland, Rebecca Perkins, Kelly Saia, Shannon Bell
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the experience of pregnancy and childbirth from the perspective of women with opioid use disorder. METHODS: This qualitative study analyzed semi-structured interviews about the prenatal care and birth experience of nine women with opioid use disorder as a sub-analysis of a qualitative study of women with a history of sexual trauma. Transcripts were analyzed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Analysis revealed unique interactions with the healthcare system specific to pregnant women with opioid use disorder...
November 2020: Women and Birth
Joanna A Kountanis, Christie Vahabzadeh, Samuel Bauer, Maria Muzik, Ruth Cassidy, Casey Aman, Mark MacEachern, Melissa E Bauer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to systematically review the literature to evaluate the association between labor epidural analgesia (LEA) and postpartum depression (PPD). DESIGN: Meta-analysis. SETTING: Obstetric patients delivering vaginally with or without LEA in a hospital. INTERVENTIONS: This study aimed to investigate the effects of providing LEA on developing PPD. MEASUREMENTS: Pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using the random effects model...
May 2020: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Carlos Delgado, Laurent Bollag, Wil Van Cleve
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial analgesia is the gold standard for labor analgesia in the United States, and postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is one of the most common complications. PDPH is frequently treated with an epidural blood patch (EBP), but conservative treatment approaches remain common. Our current understanding of the incidence of PDPH and the frequency of EBP utilization is heavily based on reports from academic medical centers. We studied a private insurance database to provide estimates of neuraxial labor analgesia (NLA) use and PDPH and EBP incidence in the United States...
September 2020: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Qing Wang, Xiaojie Yu, Xiuli Sun, Jianliu Wang
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: With the increasingly extensive application of epidural analgesia, its effect on pelvic floor function outcomes has received growing attention. The aim of the study is to determine the possible effect of epidural analgesia on pelvic floor muscle (PFM) endurance and strength and the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) at 6 weeks postpartum. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 333 primiparous women after vaginal delivery...
December 4, 2019: International Urogynecology Journal
A Lee, R Landau, T Lavin, S Goodman, P Menon, R Smiley
BACKGROUND: Breakthrough pain during neuraxial labor analgesia is typically alleviated with additional administration of epidural local anesthetics, with or without adjuvants. Sometimes avoiding neuraxial opioids may be warranted and clonidine is an alternative. In a randomized double-blind trial we compared the efficacy of clonidine versus fentanyl, added to bupivacaine, for the management of breakthrough pain. METHODS: Term parturients (n=98) receiving bupivacaine 0...
May 2020: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
2019-12-19 05:24:56
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