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T Kuchen, A Straumann, E Safroneeva, Y Romero, C Bussmann, S Vavricka, P Netzer, A Reinhard, S Portmann, A M Schoepfer
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting food impactions requiring endoscopic bolus removal occur frequently in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and harbor a risk for severe esophageal injuries. We evaluated whether treatment with swallowed topical corticosteroids is able to reduce the risk of occurrence of this complication. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Swiss EoE Cohort Study. Patients with yearly clinic visits, during which standardized assessment of symptoms, endoscopic, histologic, and laboratory findings was carried out, were included...
September 2014: Allergy
Bram D van Rhijn, Wouter L Curvers, Jacques J G H M Bergman, Joanne Verheij, Albert J Bredenoord
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Endoscopy
Benjamin Sahn, Petar Mamula, Carol A Ford
Foreign body ingestion is a common clinical scenario among patients of all ages. The immediate risk to the patient ranges from negligible to life threatening. Initial and follow-up management strategies depend on multiple patient and ingested object-related factors. Available literature on this topic tends to focus on the small child or adult, leaving the clinician caring for adolescents to extrapolate this information to guide decision making for individual patients. This article reviews foreign body ingestion literature with important implications to the adolescent patient and raises awareness of some highly dangerous objects such as large button batteries, high-powered magnets, long sharps, narcotic packages, and super absorbent objects...
August 2014: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Angel Arias, Jesús González-Cervera, José M Tenias, Alfredo J Lucendo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Various dietary interventions have been used to treat patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), yielding varied results. This systematic review assesses the efficacy of different dietary therapies in inducing disease remission. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and SCOPUS databases for studies investigating the efficacy of dietary interventions (reducing infiltration by immune cells <15 eosinophils/high-power field in esophageal biopsies) for pediatric and adult patients with EoE...
June 2014: Gastroenterology
Jennifer A Nielsen, Donna J Lager, Matthew Lewin, Gabriel Rendon, Cory A Roberts
OBJECTIVES: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is characterized clinically by dysphagia, chest pain, and food impaction, and morphologically by increased numbers of intraepithelial eosinophils and marked basal hyperplasia of the squamous mucosa. The consensus criteria for a diagnosis of EoE include the presence of ≥15 eosinophils/HPF in biopsies from both proximal and distal esophagus in the absence of other causes of esophageal eosinophilia, and the lack of clinical response to proton pump inhibitor therapy...
April 2014: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Hedieh Saffari, Laura H Hoffman, Kathryn A Peterson, John C Fang, Kristin M Leiferman, Leonard F Pease, Gerald J Gleich
BACKGROUND: In patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), eosinophils accumulate and release granule proteins onto esophageal epithelium. However, little is understood about the mechanism of eosinophil degranulation. OBJECTIVE: To determine and quantify eosinophil degranulation patterns, we studied esophageal biopsy specimens from both the proximal and distal esophagi of 9 randomly selected patients with EoE. METHODS: The specimens were fixed in glutaraldehyde, embedded, sectioned, and imaged by means of transmission electron microscopy...
June 2014: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Alain M Schoepfer, Ekaterina Safroneeva, Christian Bussmann, Tanja Kuchen, Susanne Portmann, Hans-Uwe Simon, Alex Straumann
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Development of strictures is a major concern for patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). At diagnosis, EoE can present with an inflammatory phenotype (characterized by whitish exudates, furrows, and edema), a stricturing phenotype (characterized by rings and stenosis), or a combination of these. Little is known about progression of stricture formation; we evaluated stricture development over time in the absence of treatment and investigated risk factors for stricture formation...
December 2013: Gastroenterology
J Pablo Abonia, Ting Wen, Emily M Stucke, Tommie Grotjan, Molly S Griffith, Katherine A Kemme, Margaret H Collins, Philip E Putnam, James P Franciosi, Karl F von Tiehl, Brad T Tinkle, Keith A Marsolo, Lisa J Martin, Stephanie M Ware, Marc E Rothenberg
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an emerging chronic inflammatory disease mediated by immune hypersensitization to multiple foods and strongly associated with atopy and esophageal remodeling. OBJECTIVE: We provide clinical and molecular evidence indicating a high prevalence of EoE in patients with inherited connective tissue disorders (CTDs). METHODS: We examined the rate of EoE among patients with CTDs and subsequently analyzed esophageal mRNA transcript profiles in patients with EoE with or without CTD features...
August 2013: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Evan S Dellon, Nirmala Gonsalves, Ikuo Hirano, Glenn T Furuta, Chris A Liacouras, David A Katzka
Esophageal eosinophilia and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) are increasingly recognized and prevalent conditions, which now represent common clinical problems encountered by gastroenterologists, pathologists, and allergists. The study of EoE has become a dynamic field with an evolving understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Although there are limited data supporting management decisions, clinical parameters are needed to guide the care of patients with eosinophilic-esophageal disorders. In this evidence-based review, recommendations developed by adult and pediatric gastroenterologists are provided for the evaluation and management of these patients...
May 2013: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Ikuo Hirano
Interaction with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been a fundamental consideration in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) since the initial reports of this emerging entity. While studies from the '80s identified the presence of esophageal eosinophilia as being a histologic marker for the diagnosis of GERD, studies in the '90s demonstrated that high levels of esophageal eosinophilia were characteristic for a novel immune/antigen-mediated esophageal disease, EoE, that was seemingly quite distinct from GERD...
March 2013: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Evan S Dellon, Arif Sheikh, Olga Speck, Kimberly Woodward, Ann B Whitlow, Jessica M Hores, Marija Ivanovic, Allen Chau, John T Woosley, Ryan D Madanick, Roy C Orlando, Nicholas J Shaheen
We performed a randomized trial to compare nebulized and viscous topical corticosteroid treatments for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Subjects with incident EoE (n = 25) received budesonide 1 mg twice daily, either nebulized and then swallowed (NEB) or as an oral viscous slurry (OVB), for 8 weeks. Baseline eosinophil counts for the NEB and OVB groups were 101 and 83 (P = .62). Posttreatment counts were 89 and 11 (P = .02). The mucosal medication contact time, measured by scintigraphy, was higher for the OVB group than the NEB group (P < ...
August 2012: Gastroenterology
Glenn T Furuta, Chris A Liacouras, Margaret H Collins, Sandeep K Gupta, Chris Justinich, Phil E Putnam, Peter Bonis, Eric Hassall, Alex Straumann, Marc E Rothenberg
During the last decade, clinical practice saw a rapid increase of patients with esophageal eosinophilia who were thought to have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) but who did not respond to medical and/or surgical GERD management. Subsequent studies demonstrated that these patients had a "new" disease termed eosinophilic esophagitis (EE). As recognition of EE grew, so did confusion surrounding diagnostic criteria and treatment. To address these issues, a multidisciplinary task force of 31 physicians assembled with the goal of determining diagnostic criteria and making recommendations for evaluation and treatment of children and adults with suspected EE...
October 2007: Gastroenterology
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