Tyler W Barrett, Katherine Rief, Frank Parisi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2023: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Aidan G Cashin, Benedict M Wand, Neil E O'Connell, Hopin Lee, Rodrigo Rn Rizzo, Matthew K Bagg, Edel O'Hagan, Christopher G Maher, Andrea D Furlan, Maurits W van Tulder, James H McAuley
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological interventions are the most used treatment for low back pain (LBP). Use of evidence from systematic reviews of the effects of pharmacological interventions for LBP published in the Cochrane Library, is limited by lack of a comprehensive overview. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence from Cochrane Reviews of the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety of systemic pharmacological interventions for adults with non-specific LBP. METHODS: The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews was searched from inception to 3 June 2021, to identify reviews of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated systemic pharmacological interventions for adults with non-specific LBP...
April 4, 2023: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Benedict M Wand, Aidan G Cashin, James H McAuley, Matthew K Bagg, Gemma M Orange, G Lorimer Moseley
Chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) is a complex and multifaceted problem. The following Perspective piece tries to help make sense of this complexity by describing a model for the development and maintenance of persistent LBP that integrates modifiable factors across the biopsychosocial spectrum. The Fit-for-Purpose model posits the view that chronic nonspecific LBP represents a state in which the person in pain holds strong and relatively intransient internal models of an immutably damaged, fragile, and unhealthy back, and information that supports these models is more available and trustworthy than information that counters them...
February 1, 2023: Physical Therapy
Gerard P Brennan, Gregory L Snow, Kate I Minick, Stephen J Hunter
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to develop and validate an original prediction formula that estimated the probability of success for patients with low back pain (LBP) to achieve a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) on the Modified Low Back Disability Questionnaire (MDQ). METHODS: Patients were 10 to 90 years old in this retrospective cohort study. Data were extracted from Intermountain Healthcare's registry, Rehabilitation Outcomes Management System: 62,858 patients admitted to physical therapy from 2002 to 2013 formed the training dataset, and 15,128 patients admitted 2015 to 2016 formed the verification dataset...
October 1, 2021: Physical Therapy
Jason M Friedrich, Mark A Harrast
The clinical use of lumbar epidural steroid injections has increased dramatically. Although there are certainly beneficial effects to using epidural steroid injections in a treatment regimen for lumbar radicular pain, there is a lack of well designed, placebo-controlled studies to define conclusively specific indications and techniques for different spinal diagnoses. This article reviews the pathophysiology of lumbar radiculopathy and the use of epidural steroid injections as one treatment option, as well as describes their risks and benefits...
2010: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Jean-Pierre Valat, Stéphane Genevay, Marc Marty, Sylvie Rozenberg, Bart Koes
Sciatica is a symptom rather than a specific diagnosis. Available evidence from basic science and clinical research indicates that both inflammation and compression are important in order for the nerve root to be symptomatic. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a key mediator in animal models, but its exact contribution in human radiculopathy is still a matter of debate. Sciatica is mainly diagnosed by history taking and physical examination. In general, the clinical course of acute sciatica is considered to be favourable...
April 2010: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
Jinglan Mu, Andrea D Furlan, Wai Yee Lam, Marcos Y Hsu, Zhipeng Ning, Lixing Lao
BACKGROUND: Chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) is very common; it is defined as pain without a recognizable etiology that lasts for more than three months. Some clinical practice guidelines suggest that acupuncture can offer an effective alternative therapy. This review is a split from an earlier Cochrane review and it focuses on chronic LBP. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of acupuncture compared to sham intervention, no treatment, or usual care for chronic nonspecific LBP...
December 11, 2020: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Filippo Maselli, Michael Palladino, Valerio Barbari, Lorenzo Storari, Giacomo Rossettini, Marco Testa
PURPOSE: Red Flags (RFs) are signs and symptoms related to the screening of serious underlying pathologies mimicking a musculoskeletal pain. The current literature wonders about the usefulness of RFs, due to high false-positive rates and low diagnostic accuracy. The aims of this systematic review are: (a) to identify and (b) to evaluate the most important RFs that could be found by a health care professional during the assessment of patients with low and upper back pain (named as thoracolumbar pain (TLP)) to screen serious pathologies...
April 2022: Disability and Rehabilitation
Tarcisio F de Campos, Chris G Maher, Joel T Fuller, Daniel Steffens, Stephanie Attwell, Mark J Hancock
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of prevention strategies to reduce future impact of low back pain (LBP), where impact is measured by LBP intensity and associated disability. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PEDro and The Cochrane (CENTRAL) databases from inception to 22 October 2018. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: RCTs evaluating any intervention aiming to prevent future impact of LBP, reporting an outcome measure of LBP intensity and/or disability measured at least 3 months post-randomisation, and the intervention group must be compared with a group that received no intervention/placebo or minimal intervention...
May 2021: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Patrick J Owen, Clint T Miller, Niamh L Mundell, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Scott D Tagliaferri, Helena Brisby, Steven J Bowe, Daniel L Belavy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2020: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Siobhan A O'Leary, Nikolaos K Paschos, Jarrett M Link, Eric O Klineberg, Jerry C Hu, Kyriacos A Athanasiou
The zygapophysial joint, a diarthrodial joint commonly referred to as the facet joint, plays a pivotal role in back pain, a condition that has been a leading cause of global disability since 1990. Along with the intervertebral disc, the facet joint supports spinal motion and aids in spinal stability. Highly susceptible to early development of osteoarthritis, the facet is responsible for a significant amount of pain in the low-back, mid-back, and neck regions. Current noninvasive treatments cannot offer long-term pain relief, while invasive treatments can relieve pain but fail to preserve joint functionality...
June 4, 2018: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
Johan N S Juch, Esther T Maas, Raymond W J G Ostelo, J George Groeneweg, Jan-Willem Kallewaard, Bart W Koes, Arianne P Verhagen, Johanna M van Dongen, Frank J P M Huygen, Maurits W van Tulder
IMPORTANCE: Radiofrequency denervation is a commonly used treatment for chronic low back pain, but high-quality evidence for its effectiveness is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of radiofrequency denervation added to a standardized exercise program for patients with chronic low back pain. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Three pragmatic multicenter, nonblinded randomized clinical trials on the effectiveness of minimal interventional treatments for participants with chronic low back pain (Mint study) were conducted in 16 multidisciplinary pain clinics in the Netherlands...
July 4, 2017: JAMA
Massimo Allegri, Silvana Montella, Fabiana Salici, Adriana Valente, Maurizio Marchesini, Christian Compagnone, Marco Baciarello, Maria Elena Manferdini, Guido Fanelli
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a chronic pain syndrome in the lower back region, lasting for at least 3 months. CLBP represents the second leading cause of disability worldwide being a major welfare and economic problem. The prevalence of CLBP in adults has increased more than 100% in the last decade and continues to increase dramatically in the aging population, affecting both men and women in all ethnic groups, with a significant impact on functional capacity and occupational activities. It can also be influenced by psychological factors, such as stress, depression and/or anxiety...
2016: F1000Research
Michael Gottlieb, Alex Koyfman, Brit Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2020: Academic Emergency Medicine
Sudhir Diwan, Dawood Sayed, Timothy R Deer, Amber Salomons, Kevin Liang
OBJECTIVE: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) can lead to compression of the neural and vascular elements and is becoming more common due to degenerative changes that occur because of aging processes. Symptoms may manifest as pain and discomfort that radiates to the lower leg, thigh, and/or buttocks. The traditional treatment algorithm for LSS consists of conservative management (physical therapy, medication, education, exercise), often followed by epidural steroid injections (ESIs), and when nonsurgical treatment has failed, open decompression surgery with or without fusion is considered...
December 1, 2019: Pain Medicine
Patrick J Owen, Clint T Miller, Niamh L Mundell, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Scott D Tagliaferri, Helena Brisby, Steven J Bowe, Daniel L Belavy
OBJECTIVE: Examine the effectiveness of specific modes of exercise training in non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP). DESIGN: Network meta-analysis (NMA). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE, CENTRAL. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Exercise training randomised controlled/clinical trials in adults with NSCLBP. RESULTS: Among 9543 records, 89 studies (patients=5578) were eligible for qualitative synthesis and 70 (pain), 63 (physical function), 16 (mental health) and 4 (trunk muscle strength) for NMA...
November 2020: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Teddy Oosterhuis, Veerle R Smaardijk, P Paul Fm Kuijer, Miranda W Langendam, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Jan L Hoving
Sciatica impacts on the ability to work and may lead to a reduced return to work. This study reviewed and summarised prognostic factors of work participation in patients who received conservative or surgical treatment for clinically diagnosed sciatica. We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and PsycINFO until January 2018. Cohort studies, using a measure of work participation as outcome, were included. Two independent reviewers performed study inclusion and used the Quality In Prognosis Studies tool for risk of bias assessment and GRADE to rate the quality of the evidence...
October 2019: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kurt T Hegmann, Russell Travis, Roger M Belcourt, Ronald Donelson, Marjorie Eskay-Auerbach, Jill Galper, Scott Haldeman, Paul D Hooper, James E Lessenger, Tom Mayer, Kathryn L Mueller, Donald R Murphy, William G Tellin, Matthew S Thiese, Michael S Weiss
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to summarize evidence-based diagnostic guidelines for low back disorders. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was conducted. A total of 101 articles of high or moderate quality addressing low back disorders diagnostic evaluation met the inclusion criteria. Evidence-based recommendations were developed and graded from (A) to (C) in favor and against the specific diagnostic test, with (A) level having the highest quality body of literature...
April 2019: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jan Hartvigsen, Mark J Hancock, Alice Kongsted, Quinette Louw, Manuela L Ferreira, Stéphane Genevay, Damian Hoy, Jaro Karppinen, Glenn Pransky, Joachim Sieper, Rob J Smeets, Martin Underwood
Low back pain is a very common symptom. It occurs in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries and all age groups from children to the elderly population. Globally, years lived with disability caused by low back pain increased by 54% between 1990 and 2015, mainly because of population increase and ageing, with the biggest increase seen in low-income and middle-income countries. Low back pain is now the leading cause of disability worldwide. For nearly all people with low back pain, it is not possible to identify a specific nociceptive cause...
June 9, 2018: Lancet
Adrian C Traeger, Rachelle Buchbinder, Ian A Harris, Ornella M Clavisi, Chris G Maher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: British Journal of Sports Medicine
2018-03-10 21:53:37
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