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8 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Onnen Moerer, Michael Quintel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Jignesh K Patel, Elinor Schoenfeld, Sam Parnia, Adam J Singer, Norman Edelman
Cardiac arrest (CA) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite the use of conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), rates of return of spontaneous circulation and survival with minimal neurologic impairment remain low. Utilization of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for CA in adults is steadily increasing. Propensity-matched cohort studies have reported outcomes associated with ECMO use to be superior to that of conventional CPR alone in in-hospital patients with CA...
July 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Riyad B Abu-Laban, David Migneault, Meghan R Grant, Vinay Dhingra, Anthony Fung, Richard C Cook, David Sweet
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a method to provide temporary cardiac and respiratory support to critically ill patients. In recent years, the role of ECMO in emergency departments (EDs) for select adults has increased. We present the dramatic case of a 29-year-old man who was placed on venoarterial ECMO for cardiogenic shock and respiratory failure following collapse and protracted ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest in our ED. Resuscitation efforts prior to ECMO commencement included 49 minutes of virtually continuous cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), 11 defibrillations, administration of numerous medications, including a thrombolytic agent, while CPR was ongoing, percutaneous coronary intervention and stenting for a mid-left anterior descending coronary artery dissection and thrombotic occlusion, inotropic support, and intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation...
March 2015: CJEM
Aleksandra Leligdowicz, Eddy Fan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a summary of the recent literature on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in adults with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), focusing on advances in equipment, current conventional and unconventional indications, complications, and future applications. RECENT FINDINGS: ECMO use has increased during the past 5 years. Advances in cannulation, circuit design, and patient selection have made it a safer therapeutic option in severe ARDS, and its use has become more widespread for nonconventional indications...
February 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Simon J Finney
Extracorporeal membrane oxygen (ECMO) has been used for many years in patients with life-threatening hypoxaemia and/or hypercarbia. While early trials demonstrated that it was associated with poor outcomes and extensive haemorrhage, the technique has evolved. It now encompasses new technologies and understanding that the lung protective mechanical ventilation it can facilitate is inextricably linked to improving outcomes for patients. The positive results from the CESAR (Conventional ventilation or ECMO for Severe Adult Respiratory failure) study and excellent outcomes in patients who suffered severe influenza A (H1N1/09) infection have established ECMO in the care of patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome...
September 2014: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Graeme MacLaren, Alain Combes, Robert H Bartlett
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used in clinical medicine for 40 years but remains controversial therapy, particularly in adult patients with severe respiratory failure. Over the last few years, there have been considerable advances in extracorporeal technology and clinical practice, ushering in a new era of ECMO. Many institutions adopted ECMO as rescue therapy during the recent H1N1 influenza pandemic, reigniting the controversy. DISCUSSION: Hollow-fibre oxygenators and Mendler-designed centrifugal pumps have replaced the old silicon oxygenators and roller pumps...
February 2012: Intensive Care Medicine
Darryl Abrams, Alain Combes, Daniel Brodie
The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for both respiratory and cardiac failure in adults is evolving rapidly. Advances in technology and accumulating data are spurring greater interest and explosive growth in ECMO worldwide. Expanding indications and novel strategies are being used. Yet the use of ECMO outpaces the data. The promise of a major paradigm shift for the treatment of respiratory and cardiac failure is tempered by a need for evidence to support many current and potential future uses...
July 1, 2014: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Daniel Brodie, Matthew Bacchetta
A 41-year-old woman presents with severe community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia. Chest radiography reveals diffuse bilateral infiltrates, and hypoxemic respiratory failure develops despite appropriate antibiotic therapy. She is intubated and mechanical ventilation is initiated with a volume- and pressure-limited approach for the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Over the ensuing 24 hours, her partial pressure of arterial oxygen (Pao2) decreases to 40 mm Hg, despite ventilatory support with a fraction of inspired oxygen (Fio2) of 1...
November 17, 2011: New England Journal of Medicine
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