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By Suzanne Atkinson ER doc and triathlon coach
Gerardo Ceballos, Paul R Ehrlich, Rodolfo Dirzo
The population extinction pulse we describe here shows, from a quantitative viewpoint, that Earth's sixth mass extinction is more severe than perceived when looking exclusively at species extinctions. Therefore, humanity needs to address anthropogenic population extirpation and decimation immediately. That conclusion is based on analyses of the numbers and degrees of range contraction (indicative of population shrinkage and/or population extinctions according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature) using a sample of 27,600 vertebrate species, and on a more detailed analysis documenting the population extinctions between 1900 and 2015 in 177 mammal species...
July 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Sara Sheehan, Yun S Song
Given genomic variation data from multiple individuals, computing the likelihood of complex population genetic models is often infeasible. To circumvent this problem, we introduce a novel likelihood-free inference framework by applying deep learning, a powerful modern technique in machine learning. Deep learning makes use of multilayer neural networks to learn a feature-based function from the input (e.g., hundreds of correlated summary statistics of data) to the output (e.g., population genetic parameters of interest)...
March 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
D Van Oirschot, S Wallace, R Van Deun
The Badboot (Dutch for swimming pool boat) is a floating swimming pool located in the city center of Antwerp in Belgium. The overall design consists of a recycled ferry boat that serves as a restaurant and next to that a newly built ship that harbours an Olympic size swimming pool, sun decks, locker rooms with showers, and a party space. A major design goal of the project was to make the ship as environmentally friendly as possible. To avoid discharge of contaminated waste water in the Antwerp docks, the ship includes onsite treatment of wastewater in a compact constructed wetland...
September 2015: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Gen Li, Ulrike K Müller, Johan L van Leeuwen, Hao Liu
Fish larvae may intercept their own wake during sharp turns, which might affect their escape performance. We analysed C-starts of larval zebrafish (Danio rerio, Hamilton, 1822) using a computational fluid dynamics approach that simulates free swimming (swimming trajectory is determined by fluid forces) by coupling hydrodynamics and body dynamics. The simulations show that fish may intercept their own wake when they turn by 100-180°. During stage 1 of a C-start, the fish generates a strong jet at the tail that is shed into the wake...
December 6, 2014: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
F Detcheverry
We consider random walks that arise from the repetition of independent, statistically identical steps, whose nature may be arbitrary. Such unimodal motions appear in a variety of contexts, including particle propagation, cell motility, swimming of micro-organisms, animal motion and foraging strategies. Building on general frameworks, we focus on the case where step duration is exponentially distributed. We explore systematically unimodal processes whose steps are ballistic, diffusive, cyclic or governed by rotational diffusion, and give the exact propagator in Fourier-Laplace domain, from which the moments and the diffusion coefficient are obtained...
November 2014: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
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