Oliver J Bintcliffe, Gary Y C Lee, Najib M Rahman, Nick A Maskell
The evidence base concerning the management of benign pleural effusions has lagged behind that of malignant pleural effusions in which recent randomised trials are now informing current clinical practice and international guidelines.The causes of benign pleural effusions are broad, heterogenous and patients may benefit from individualised management targeted at both treating the underlying disease process and direct management of the fluid. Pleural effusions are very common in a number of non-malignant pathologies, such as decompensated heart failure, and following coronary artery bypass grafting...
September 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
A L Warshaw, P B Lesser, M Rie, D J Cullen
Acute pulmonary edema appeared 3 or more days after the onset of acute pancreatitis in 7 patients, an approximate incidence of 8%. The severity of pancreatitis in these patients was characterized by massive requirements for intravenous colloid and by marked hypocalcemia. In addition, at least 5 of the 7 patients had very high serum levels of triglycerides at the time of hospital admission. Hemodynamic studies during pulmonary edema showed normal central venous pressure, pulmonary artery pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, and pulmonary vascular resistance...
October 1975: Annals of Surgery
Krzysztof Jaworski, Krystyna Maƛlanka, Dariusz A Kosior
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is one of the leading causes of death associated with transfusion of blood and blood components. The understanding of the etiology and pathophysiology of this syndrome has much improved during the last decades, nevertheless numerous issues are still unresolved and symptomatic treatment remains the cornerstone of medical management. Consequently more attention is directed at primary as well as secondary prevention. The awareness of the problem within the medical society is still unsatisfactory which results in a high number of unrecognized cases or of inaccurate diagnoses one of which is cardiogenic pulmonary edema...
2013: Cardiology Journal
James K Glisson, Telciane S Vesa, Mark R Bowling
Salicylate-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE) can occur in both acute and chronic users of aspirin or salicylate products. The medical history, especially when it reveals the use of salicylates, is critical when considering this diagnosis. Unfortunately, the neurologic and systemic effects of salicylate toxicity may hinder the ability to obtain a reliable medical history. SIPE should be considered in patients who present with pulmonary edema and neurological changes, anion-gap metabolic acidosis, or possible sepsis...
March 2011: Southern Medical Journal
Ashish Udeshi, Shawn Michael Cantie, Edgar Pierre
Postobstructive pulmonary edema (POPE; also known as negative pressure pulmonary edema) is a potentially life-threatening complication in which pulmonary edema occurs shortly after the relief of an upper airway obstruction. The incidence of POPE has been reported to be as high as 1 in 1000 general anesthetic cases and commonly presents as acute respiratory distress that requires immediate intervention. This review examines the 2 subclasses of POPE and describes the etiologic factors, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic criteria, and treatment strategies associated with each...
September 2010: Journal of Critical Care
Emad A Barsoum, Tariq Bhat, Deepak Asti, Marcin Kowalski, Thomas Vazzana
We are reporting a case of 71-year old lady with a dual chamber demand pacemaker, who developed acute pulmonary edema due to an acute left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and worsening in mitral valve regurgitation after atrioventricular nodal ablation for uncontrolled atrial fibrillation. This was attributed to right ventricular apical pacing leading to LV dyssynchronization. Patient dramatically improved within 12-24 h after upgrading her single chamber pacemaker to biventricular pacing. Our case demonstrates that biventricular pacing can be an effective modality of treatment of acute congestive heart failure...
September 26, 2013: World Journal of Cardiology
Timothy Liesching, David L Nelson, Karen L Cormier, Andrew Sucov, Kathy Short, Rod Warburton, Nicholas S Hill
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown different clinical outcomes of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) from those of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether bilevel positive airway pressure (BPAP) more rapidly improves dyspnea, ventilation, and acidemia without increasing the myocardial infarction (MI) rate compared to continuous positive pressure ventilation (CPAP) in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (APE)...
January 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
John T Parissis, Maria Nikolaou, Alexandre Mebazaa, Ignatios Ikonomidis, Juan Delgado, Fabio Vilas-Boas, Ioannis Paraskevaidis, Antony Mc Lean, Dimitrios Kremastinos, Ferenc Follath
AIMS: Acute pulmonary oedema (APE) is the second, after acutely decompensated chronic heart failure (ADHF), most frequent form of acute heart failure (AHF). This subanalysis examines the clinical profile, prognostic factors, and management of APE patients (n = 1820, 36.7%) included in the Acute Heart Failure Global Survey of Standard Treatment (ALARM-HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: ALARM-HF included a total of 4953 patients hospitalized for AHF in Europe, Latin America, and Australia...
November 2010: European Journal of Heart Failure
A Sacchetti, E Ramoska, M E Moakes, P McDermott, V Moyer
Acute pulmonary edema (APE) is a common Emergency Department (ED) presentation requiring admission to an intensive care unit (ICU). This study was undertaken to examine the effect of ED management on the need for ICU admission in patients with APE. ED records of APE patients were abstracted for patient age, prehospital and ED pharmacological treatment, diagnoses, airway interventions, and ICU length of stay (LOS). Statistical analysis was through multiple regression, logistic regression, chi-square, and ANOVA...
October 1999: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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