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Pediatrics

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83 papers 1000+ followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21436818/natal-teeth-a-sign-of-fortuity-or-grave-misfortune
#1
REVIEW
R Sothinathan, K Shakib
Natal teeth are defined as those present in the mouth at birth. They are uncommon and most frequently occur in the anterior mandible as a pair of primary incisors. They are usually small and poorly developed with little or no root formation. Only 10% of these teeth are supernumerary. Problems arising are difficulty suckling, severe ulceration of the child's tongue or the mother's breast and the risk of aspiration. These situations would warrant extraction. If the natal teeth are firm and asymptomatic, conservative management is indicated...
March 26, 2011: British Dental Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28434139/neurological-manifestations-of-atypical-celiac-disease-in-childhood
#2
Çiğdem Genç Sel, Erhan Aksoy, Ayşe Aksoy, Deniz Yüksel, Ferda Özbay
Various typical and atypical neurological manifestations can be seen as the initial symptoms of celiac disease (CD). We suggest that gluten toxicity is the most suspicious triggering risk factor for probable pathophysiological pathways of neurological involvement in atypical CD. The medical charts of 117 patients diagnosed with atypical CD were retrieved from a tertiary center in Ankara, Turkey. Eight patients reported as having neurologic manifestations as initiating symptoms were evaluated in detail. The initial neurological manifestations of CD in our study included atypical absence, which was reported first in this study, generalized tonic-clonic seizures, complex partial seizures, severe axial hypotonia and down phenotype, multifocal leukoencephalopathy, mild optic neuritis, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and short duration headaches...
September 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://read.qxmd.com/read/26825336/association-of-adhd-and-celiac-disease-what-is-the-evidence-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Emine Ertürk, Sara Wouters, Lindita Imeraj, Annik Lampo
OBJECTIVE: This article tries to answer the question whether or not there is evidence for a relationship between celiac disease (CD) and ADHD. A review of the current literature on this topic is provided. METHOD: PUBMED/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Google scholar were searched to include all published trials on ADHD and CD (no date limitation, both noncontrolled and controlled trials). In addition, the reference list of included studies was screened to find other relevant articles...
January 29, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/24062296/parvovirus-b19-infection-in-pregnancy-and-subsequent-morbidity-and-mortality-in-offspring
#4
Jonathan Lassen, Peter Bager, Jan Wohlfahrt, Blenda Böttiger, Mads Melbye
BACKGROUND: Because parvovirus B19 infection in pregnancy has been associated with infant morbidity and mortality in case reports and after intrauterine transfusion, we tested the population-based association using serum and hospital data of high quality. METHODS: We established a cohort of 113 228 children born to women tested for parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy in a major diagnostic laboratory in Denmark, from 1994 to 2009. Information on 20 selected morbidity diagnoses and on mortality was obtained from the Danish National Patient Register, the Danish Cancer Register and the Danish Civil Registration System...
August 2013: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28953096/management-of-croup-in-the-emergency-department-the-role-of-multidose-nebulized-epinephrine
#5
Taylor Bagwell, Amanda Hollingsworth, Tonya Thompson, Thomas Abramo, Mary Huckabee, Di Chang, Leroy Crawley, James M Robbins
OBJECTIVES: Croup occasionally requires medical intervention for respiratory distress. Mainstays of treatment are corticosteroids and nebulized epinephrine. Diagnosis and assessment of severity remain clinical. Safety of discharge from an emergency department (ED) after treatment with corticosteroids and 1 nebulized epinephrine has been established. No evidence exists regarding risk associated with discharge after multidose nebulized epinephrine. Many patients requiring multidose nebulized epinephrine are reflexively admitted...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525364/school-absences-what-you-should-know
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://read.qxmd.com/read/25039044/growth-comparison-in-children-with-and-without-food-allergies-in-2-different-demographic-populations
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Harshna Mehta, Manish Ramesh, Elizabeth Feuille, Marion Groetch, Julie Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of food avoidance on the growth of children with food allergies. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed for children with and without food allergies followed at 2 New York City general pediatric practices. Charts were selected based on codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, for well child visit, food allergy, anaphylaxis, and/or epinephrine autoinjector prescriptions. Heights and weights were obtained to calculate body mass index, height, and weight z-scores...
October 2014: Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29378286/impact-of-food-allergy-on-the-growth-of-children-with-moderate-severe-atopic-dermatitis
#8
Rekha D Jhamnani, Samara Levin, Marjohn Rasooly, Kelly D Stone, Joshua D Milner, Celeste Nelson, Tom DiMaggio, Nina Jones, Anthony L Guerrerio, Pamela A Frischmeyer-Guerrerio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/23813699/maternal-dietary-fat-intake-in-association-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Kristen Lyall, Kassandra L Munger, Éilis J O'Reilly, Susan L Santangelo, Alberto Ascherio
Our goal in this study was to determine whether maternal fat intake before or during pregnancy was associated with risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the offspring. Our primary analysis included 317 mothers who reported a child with ASD and 17,728 comparison mothers from the Nurses' Health Study II (index births in 1991-2007). Dietary information was collected prospectively through a validated food frequency questionnaire. Binomial regression was used to estimate crude and adjusted risk ratios. Maternal intake of linoleic acid was significantly inversely associated with ASD risk in offspring, corresponding to a 34% reduction in risk in the highest versus lowest quartiles of intake...
July 15, 2013: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/25004237/autism-and-nutrition-the-role-of-the-gut-brain-axis
#10
REVIEW
Marijke M H van De Sande, Vincent J van Buul, Fred J P H Brouns
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by deficits in the ability to socialise, communicate and use imagination, and displays of stereotypical behaviour. It is widely accepted that ASD involves a disorder in brain development. However, the real causes of the neurodevelopmental disorders associated with ASD are not clear. In this respect, it has been found that a majority of children with ASD display gastrointestinal symptoms, and an increased intestinal permeability. Moreover, large differences in microbiotic composition between ASD patients and controls have been reported...
December 2014: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27864534/microbiome-and-nutrition-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-current-knowledge-and-research-needs
#11
REVIEW
Kirsten Berding, Sharon M Donovan
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the fastest growing neurodevelopmental disorder in the United States. Besides genetic risks, environmental factors have been suggested to contribute to the increase in ASD diagnosis over the past decade. Several studies have reported abnormalities in microbiota composition and differences in microbial metabolites in children with ASD. Gastrointestinal discomfort is commonly reported in children with ASD. Additionally, food selectivity and picky eating patterns are commonly reported...
December 2016: Nutrition Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28562286/nutritional-and-dietary-interventions-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Nila Sathe, Jeffrey C Andrews, Melissa L McPheeters, Zachary E Warren
CONTEXT: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently use special diets or receive nutritional supplements to treat ASD symptoms. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of dietary interventions or nutritional supplements in ASD. DATA SOURCES: Databases, including Medline and PsycINFO. STUDY SELECTION: Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria...
June 2017: Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/26418822/gluten-free-and-casein-free-diets-in-the-therapy-of-autism
#13
REVIEW
Klaus W Lange, Joachim Hauser, Andreas Reissmann
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to discuss the role of gluten-free and casein-free diets in the treatment of autism. RECENT FINDINGS: In a recent UK survey, more than 80% of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder reported some kind of dietary intervention for their child (gluten-free and casein-free diet in 29%). When asked about the effects of the gluten-free and casein-free diet, 20-29% of the parents reported significant improvements on the autism spectrum disorder core dimensions...
November 2015: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/26055422/dietary-glycemic-index-modulates-the-behavioral-and-biochemical-abnormalities-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
A Currais, C Farrokhi, R Dargusch, M Goujon-Svrzic, P Maher
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder of unknown etiology, but very likely resulting from both genetic and environmental factors. There is good evidence for immune system dysregulation in individuals with ASD. However, the contribution of insults such as dietary factors that can also activate the immune system have not been explored in the context of ASD. In this paper, we show that the dietary glycemic index has a significant impact on the ASD phenotype. By using BTBR mice, an inbred strain that displays behavioral traits that reflect the diagnostic symptoms of human ASD, we found that the diet modulates plasma metabolites, neuroinflammation and brain markers of neurogenesis in a manner that is highly reflective of ASD in humans...
March 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/26725748/risk-factors-in-autism-thinking-outside-the-brain
#15
REVIEW
Lauren Matelski, Judy Van de Water
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are complex neurodevelopmental conditions that have been rising markedly in prevalence for the past 30 years, now thought to affect 1 in 68 in the United States. This has prompted the search for possible explanations, and has even resulted in some controversy regarding the "true" prevalence of autism. ASD are influenced by a variety of genetic, environmental, and possibly immunological factors that act during critical periods to alter key developmental processes. This can affect multiple systems and manifests as the social and behavioral deficits that define these disorders...
February 2016: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://read.qxmd.com/read/25025657/food-for-thought-dietary-changes-in-essential-fatty-acid-ratios-and-the-increase-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Kim van Elst, Hilgo Bruining, Barbara Birtoli, Christian Terreaux, Jan K Buitelaar, Martien J Kas
The last decades have shown a spectacular and partially unexplained rise in the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This rise in ASD seems to parallel changes in the dietary composition of fatty acids. This change is marked by the replacement of cholesterol by omega-6 (n-6) fatty acids in many of our food products, resulting in a drastically increased ratio of omega-6/omega-3 (n-6/n-3). In this context, we review the available knowledge on the putative role of fatty acids in neurodevelopment and describe how disturbances in n-6/n-3 ratios may contribute to the emergence of ASDs...
September 2014: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28944301/intravenous-rehydration-of-malnourished-children-with-acute-gastroenteritis-and-severe-dehydration-a-systematic-review
#17
Kirsty A Houston, Jack G Gibb, Kathryn Maitland
Background: Rehydration strategies in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and severe dehydration are extremely cautious. The World Health Organization (WHO) SAM guidelines advise strongly against intravenous fluids unless the child is shocked or severely dehydrated and unable to tolerate oral fluids. Otherwise, guidelines recommend oral or nasogastric rehydration using low sodium oral rehydration solutions. There is limited evidence to support these recommendations. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies on 15 th June 2017 comparing different strategies of rehydration therapy in children with acute gastroenteritis and severe dehydration, specifically relating to intravenous rehydration, using standard search terms...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29066219/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-one-bag-vs-two-bag-system-of-fluid-delivery-in-children-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-experience-from-a-developing-country
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
N Dhochak, M Jayashree, S Singhi
PURPOSE: To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and cerebral edema in children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In an open labelled randomized controlled trial, thirty consecutive patients ≤12years with DKA were randomized to either one (n=15) or two bag (n=15) system of intravenous fluid delivery. The two bags had similar electrolyte but differing dextrose concentration (none vs...
February 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29073302/potential-clinical-benefits-of-a-two-bag-system-for-fluid-management-in-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jacqueline P Velasco Md, Joshua Fogel PhD, Robert L Levine Md PhD, Peter Ciminera Md, David Fagan Md, Renee Bargman Md
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) that requires appropriate treatment with insulin and intravenous fluids. Both one-bag and two-bag systems of fluid management are used to treat pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis. AIM OF THE STUDY: We compare the one-bag and two-bag systems of fluid managementwith regard to incidence of hypoglycemia, serum bicarbonate correction, pH correction and discharge from the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)...
2017: Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29024734/clinical-and-dermoscopic-characterization-of-pediatric-and-adolescent-melanomas-multicenter-study-of-52-cases
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Cristina Carrera, Alon Scope, Stephen W Dusza, Giuseppe Argenziano, Gianluca Nazzaro, Alice Phan, Isabelle Tromme, Pietro Rubegni, Josep Malvehy, Susana Puig, Ashfaq A Marghoob
BACKGROUND: Knowledge regarding the morphologic spectrum of pediatric melanoma (PM) is sparse, and this may in part contribute to delay in detection and thicker tumors. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinicodermoscopic characteristics of PM. METHODS: Retrospective study of 52 melanomas diagnosed in patients before the age of 20 years. RESULTS: On the basis of its clinical, dermoscopic, and histopathologic characteristics, PM can be classified as spitzoid or nonspitzoid...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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