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Plant Based Health

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261 papers 1000+ followers Collection of papers focused on plant based lifestyles. Must reads for everyone interested in health!
By Chan Kruse Interested in healthy living and healthy eating as a form of disease prevention.
Aleksandra Tomova, Igor Bukovsky, Emilie Rembert, Willy Yonas, Jihad Alwarith, Neal D Barnard, Hana Kahleova
The difference in gut microbiota composition between individuals following vegan or vegetarian diets and those following omnivorous diets is well documented. A plant-based diet appears to be beneficial for human health by promoting the development of more diverse and stable microbial systems. Additionally, vegans and vegetarians have significantly higher counts of certain Bacteroidetes -related operational taxonomic units compared to omnivores. Fibers (that is, non-digestible carbohydrates, found exclusively in plants) most consistently increase lactic acid bacteria, such as Ruminococcus, E...
2019: Frontiers in Nutrition
Elena C Hemler, Frank B Hu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Plant-based diets have been widely promoted for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction. This review discusses the various definitions of plant-based diets and summarizes their associations with CVD risk, specifically distinguishing between healthy and unhealthy plant-based diets. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite wide variation in definition, most studies suggest that plant-based diets are generally beneficial for cardiovascular health. Many previous studies have defined plant-based diets by the complete exclusion of meat or animal products, while others have accounted for plant-based diets including moderate amounts of animal-source foods...
March 20, 2019: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
D Papamichou, D B Panagiotakos, C Itsiopoulos
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of the present review is to examine evidence from published studies on the effectiveness of six or more months of low carbohydrate, macrobiotic, vegan, vegetarian, Mediterranean and intermittent fasting (IF) diets compared to low fat diets on diabetes control and management. METHODS AND RESULTS: In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, Cochrane CENTRAL, PubMed and Scopus databases were systematically searched for relevant studies. Twenty randomised controlled trials (RCTs) > 6 months that investigated the effectiveness of various dietary patterns on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were included...
February 25, 2019: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Tina H T Chiu, Chin-Hsiu Liu, Chia-Chen Chang, Ming-Nan Lin, Chin-Lon Lin
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: Plant-based diets may target multiple pathways in gout pathogenesis (uric acid reduction and anti-inflammation) while improving gout associated cardiometabolic comorbidities. We aim to prospectively examine the relationship between a vegetarian diet and gout, and to explore if this relationship is independent of hyperuricemia. METHODS: We followed 4903 participants in the Tzu Chi Health Study (Cohort1, recruited in 2007-2009) and 9032 participants in the Tzu Chi Vegetarian Study (Cohort2, recruited in 2005) until end of 2014...
March 27, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Friederike Barthels, Saskia Poerschke, Romina Müller, Reinhard Pietrowsky
PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the association between the importance of several reasons to follow a vegan diet and the degree of orthorexic eating behavior in a sample of vegan individuals (N = 65, 53.8% women, age: M = 28.22 (SD = 9.13) years, BMI: M = 22.91 (SD = 3.44) kg/m2 ). RESULTS: The results reveal that orthorexic eating behavior is associated with the importance of the underlying motives health, esthetics and healing, whereas animal welfare, politics and ecology are not linked to orthorexia...
April 9, 2019: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Stine Weder, Morwenna Hoffmann, Katja Becker, Ute Alexy, Markus Keller
Due to the lack of current, large-scale studies examining their dietary intake and health, there are concerns about vegetarian (VG) and vegan (VN) diets in childhood. Therefore, the Vegetarian and Vegan Children Study (VeChi Diet Study) examined the energy and macronutrient intake as well as the anthropometrics of 430 VG, VN, and omnivorous (OM) children (1⁻3 years) in Germany. A 3-day weighed dietary record assessed dietary intake, and an online questionnaire assessed lifestyle, body weight (BW), and height...
April 12, 2019: Nutrients
R Norwood, T Cruwys, V S Chachay, J Sheffield
Objective: Previous research has identified several psychological factors associated with dietary restriction but has focused almost exclusively on the subcategory of people following a weight loss diet. Little is known about the psychological factors associated with other kinds of restrictive dietary patterns. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether the identified psychological characteristics of dieters (e.g. elevated disordered eating behaviours, poor well-being) are a cause of dieting, follow from calorie restriction or are the result of cognitive restraint...
April 2019: Obesity Science & Practice
Pramil N Singh, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Wendy Shih, Nancy Collado, Lap T Le, Krystal Silguero, Dennys Estevez, Michael Jordan, Hector Flores, David E Hayes-Bautista, William J McCarthy
Background: The Hispanic/Latino population in the US is experiencing high rates of obesity and cardio-metabolic disease that may be attributable to a nutrition transition away from traditional diets emphasizing whole plant foods. In the US, plant-based diets have been shown to be effective in preventing and controlling obesity and cardio-metabolic disease in large samples of primarily non-Hispanic subjects. Studying this association in US Hispanic/Latinos could inform culturally tailored interventions. Objective: To examine whether the plant-based diet pattern that is frequently followed by Hispanic/Latino Seventh-day Adventists is associated with lower levels of adiposity and adiposity-related biomarkers...
2019: Frontiers in Nutrition
O Lindahl, L Lindwall, A Spångberg, A Stenram, P A Ockerman
Thirty-five patients who had suffered from bronchial asthma for an average of 12 yr, all receiving long-term medication, 20 including cortisone, were subject to therapy with vegan food for 1 yr. In almost all cases, medication was withdrawn or drastically reduced. There was a significant decrease in asthma symptoms. Twenty-four patients (69%) fulfilled the treatment. Of these, 71% reported improvement at 4 months and 92% at 1 yr. There was a significant improvement in a number of clinical variables; for example, vital capacity, forced expiratory volume at one sec and physical working capacity, as well as a significant change in various biochemical indices as haptoglobin, IgM, IgE, cholesterol, and triglycerides in blood...
1985: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Dennys Estevez, Gary E Fraser, David E Hayes-Bautista, Hector Flores, Michael Jordan, Pramil N Singh
PURPOSE: To characterize plant-based dietary practices and examine their relationship with body mass index (BMI) in Hispanic/Latino Seventh-day Adventists (SDA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of data among Hispanics/Latinos in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2). SETTING: The AHS-2 is a cohort of SDA adults (n = 96 592) in North America. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3475 Hispanics/Latinos who provided demographic, dietary, anthropometric, and lifestyle data at enrollment...
February 17, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Linda W Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Keren Papier, Paul N Appleby, Georgina K Fensom, Anika Knuppel, Aurora Perez-Cornago, Julie A Schmidt, Tammy Y N Tong, Timothy J Key
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of diabetes is high and rapidly increasing. Some previous studies have found that vegetarians might have a lower risk of diabetes than non-vegetarians. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between vegetarianism and risk of hospitalisation or death with diabetes in a large, prospective cohort study of British adults. METHODS: The analysed cohort included participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Oxford study who were diabetes free at recruitment (1993-2001), with available dietary intake data at baseline, and linked hospital admissions and death data for diabetes over follow-up (n = 45,314)...
February 25, 2019: Nutrition & Diabetes
Hana Kahleova, Andrea Tura, Marta Klementova, Lenka Thieme, Martin Haluzik, Renata Pavlovicova, Martin Hill, Terezie Pelikanova
Diminished postprandial secretion of incretins and insulin represents one of the key pathophysiological mechanisms behind type 2 diabetes (T2D). We tested the effects of two energy- and macronutrient-matched meals: A standard meat (M-meal) and a vegan (V-meal) on postprandial incretin and insulin secretion in participants with T2D. A randomized crossover design was used in 20 participants with T2D. Plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), amylin, and gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) were determined at 0, 30, 60, 120, and 180 min...
February 26, 2019: Nutrients
Seiji Matsumoto, W Lawrence Beeson, David J Shavlik, Gina Siapco, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Gary Fraser, Synnove F Knutsen
The association between dietary patterns and CVD risk factors among non-Hispanic whites has not been fully studied. Data from 650 non-Hispanic white adults who participated in one of two clinical sub-studies (about 2 years after the baseline) of the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) were analysed. Four dietary patters were identified using a validated 204-item semi-quantitative FFQ completed at enrolment into AHS-2: vegans (8·3 %), lacto-ovo-vegetarians (44·3 %), pesco-vegetarians (10·6 %) and non-vegetarians (NV) (37·3 %)...
2019: Journal of Nutritional Science
Angélica Gallego-Narbón, Belén Zapatera, Laura Barrios, M Pilar Vaquero
Studies on the nutritional status of vegetarians in Spain are lacking. Prevention of vitamin B12 deficiency is the main concern, as dietary sources are of animal origin. The present study aimed to evaluate vitamin B12 and folate status of Spanish vegetarians using classical markers and functional markers. Participants were adult and healthy lacto-ovo vegetarians (forty-nine subjects) and vegans (fifty-four subjects) who underwent blood analyses and completed a FFQ. Serum vitamin B12 , homocysteine (Hcy), methylmalonic acid (MMA), erythrocyte folate and haematological parameters were determined...
2019: Journal of Nutritional Science
Marta Klementova, Lenka Thieme, Martin Haluzik, Renata Pavlovicova, Martin Hill, Terezie Pelikanova, Hana Kahleova
Gastrointestinal hormones are involved in regulation of glucose metabolism and satiety. We tested the acute effect of meal composition on these hormones in three population groups. A randomized crossover design was used to examine the effects of two energy- and macronutrient-matched meals: a processed-meat and cheese (M-meal) and a vegan meal with tofu (V-meal) on gastrointestinal hormones, and satiety in men with type 2 diabetes (T2D, n = 20), obese men (O, n = 20), and healthy men (H, n = 20). Plasma concentrations of glucagon-like peptide -1 (GLP-1), amylin, and peptide YY (PYY) were determined at 0, 30, 60, 120 and 180 min...
January 12, 2019: Nutrients
Sarah A S Dodd, Nick J Cave, Jennifer L Adolphe, Anna K Shoveller, Adronie Verbrugghe
People who avoid eating animals tend to share their homes with animal companions, and moral dilemma may arise when they are faced with feeding animal products to their omnivorous dogs and carnivorous cats. One option to alleviate this conflict is to feed pets a diet devoid of animal ingredients-a 'plant-based' or 'vegan' diet. The number of pet owners who avoid animal products, either in their own or in their pets' diet, is not currently known. The objective of this study was to estimate the number of meat-avoiding pet owners, identify concerns regarding conventional animal- and plant-based pet food, and estimate the number of pets fed a plant-based diet...
2019: PloS One
Soraya Paz, Carmen Rubio, Inmaculada Frías, Ángel J Gutiérrez, Dailos González-Weller, Verónica Martín, Consuelo Revert, Arturo Hardisson
Algae are becoming increasingly common because of their importance in vegan and vegetarian diets. Although they are a source of essential minerals, vitamins and antioxidants, these marine organisms have a high absorption capacity that can lead to the accumulation of toxic metals which are dangerous in humans. The objective of this study is to determine the content of toxic metals (Al, Cd, Pb and Hg) in edible seaweed samples marketed in Spain (Europe) to assess the toxicological risk from the intake of these metals...
March 2019: Chemosphere
Binita Shah, Jonathan D Newman, Kathleen Woolf, Lisa Ganguzza, Yu Guo, Nicole Allen, Judy Zhong, Edward A Fisher, James Slater
Background Dietary interventions may play a role in secondary cardiovascular prevention. hsCRP (High-sensitivity C-reactive protein) is a marker of risk for major adverse cardiovascular outcomes in coronary artery disease. Methods and Results The open-label, blinded end-point, EVADE CAD (Effects of a Vegan Versus the American Heart Association-Recommended Diet in Coronary Artery Disease) trial randomized participants (n=100) with coronary artery disease to 8 weeks of a vegan or American Heart Association-recommended diet with provision of groceries, tools to measure dietary intake, and dietary counseling...
December 4, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Jocelyne R Benatar, Ralph A H Stewart
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that plant based diets are associated with lower cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of a vegan compared to an omnivorous diet on cardio-metabolic risk factors. METHODS: Meta-analysis of observational studies published between 1960 and June 2018 that reported one or more cardio-metabolic risk factors in vegans and controls eating an omnivorous diet were undertaken. Macro-nutrient intake and cardio-metabolic risk factors were compared by dietary pattern...
2018: PloS One
2019-01-06 05:27:56
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