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Plant Based Health

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253 papers 1000+ followers Collection of papers focused on plant based lifestyles. Must reads for everyone interested in health!
By Chan Kruse Interested in healthy living and healthy eating as a form of disease prevention.
https://read.qxmd.com/read/4019393/vegan-regimen-with-reduced-medication-in-the-treatment-of-bronchial-asthma
#1
COMPARATIVE STUDY
O Lindahl, L Lindwall, A Spångberg, A Stenram, P A Ockerman
Thirty-five patients who had suffered from bronchial asthma for an average of 12 yr, all receiving long-term medication, 20 including cortisone, were subject to therapy with vegan food for 1 yr. In almost all cases, medication was withdrawn or drastically reduced. There was a significant decrease in asthma symptoms. Twenty-four patients (69%) fulfilled the treatment. Of these, 71% reported improvement at 4 months and 92% at 1 yr. There was a significant improvement in a number of clinical variables; for example, vital capacity, forced expiratory volume at one sec and physical working capacity, as well as a significant change in various biochemical indices as haptoglobin, IgM, IgE, cholesterol, and triglycerides in blood...
1985: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773023/plant-based-diets-in-hispanic-latino-adult-adventists-in-the-united-states-and-their-association-with-body-mass-index
#2
Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Dennys Estevez, Gary E Fraser, David E Hayes-Bautista, Hector Flores, Michael Jordan, Pramil N Singh
PURPOSE: To characterize plant-based dietary practices and examine their relationship with body mass index (BMI) in Hispanic/Latino Seventh-day Adventists (SDA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses of data among Hispanics/Latinos in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2). SETTING: The AHS-2 is a cohort of SDA adults (n = 96 592) in North America. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3475 Hispanics/Latinos who provided demographic, dietary, anthropometric, and lifestyle data at enrollment...
February 17, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782404/does-kidney-longevity-mean-healthy-vegan-food-and-less-meat-or-is-any-low-protein-diet-good-enough
#3
EDITORIAL
Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Linda W Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30804320/vegetarian-diets-and-risk-of-hospitalisation-or-death-with-diabetes-in-british-adults-results-from-the-epic-oxford-study
#4
Keren Papier, Paul N Appleby, Georgina K Fensom, Anika Knuppel, Aurora Perez-Cornago, Julie A Schmidt, Tammy Y N Tong, Timothy J Key
BACKGROUND: The global prevalence of diabetes is high and rapidly increasing. Some previous studies have found that vegetarians might have a lower risk of diabetes than non-vegetarians. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between vegetarianism and risk of hospitalisation or death with diabetes in a large, prospective cohort study of British adults. METHODS: The analysed cohort included participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Oxford study who were diabetes free at recruitment (1993-2001), with available dietary intake data at baseline, and linked hospital admissions and death data for diabetes over follow-up (n = 45,314)...
February 25, 2019: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30813546/a-plant-based-meal-stimulates-incretin-and-insulin-secretion-more-than-an-energy-and-macronutrient-matched-standard-meal-in-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-crossover-study
#5
Hana Kahleova, Andrea Tura, Marta Klementova, Lenka Thieme, Martin Haluzik, Renata Pavlovicova, Martin Hill, Terezie Pelikanova
Diminished postprandial secretion of incretins and insulin represents one of the key pathophysiological mechanisms behind type 2 diabetes (T2D). We tested the effects of two energy- and macronutrient-matched meals: A standard meat (M-meal) and a vegan (V-meal) on postprandial incretin and insulin secretion in participants with T2D. A randomized crossover design was used in 20 participants with T2D. Plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), amylin, and gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) were determined at 0, 30, 60, 120, and 180 min...
February 26, 2019: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30828449/association-between-vegetarian-diets-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-non-hispanic-white-participants-of-the-adventist-health-study-2
#6
Seiji Matsumoto, W Lawrence Beeson, David J Shavlik, Gina Siapco, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Gary Fraser, Synnove F Knutsen
The association between dietary patterns and CVD risk factors among non-Hispanic whites has not been fully studied. Data from 650 non-Hispanic white adults who participated in one of two clinical sub-studies (about 2 years after the baseline) of the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) were analysed. Four dietary patters were identified using a validated 204-item semi-quantitative FFQ completed at enrolment into AHS-2: vegans (8·3 %), lacto-ovo-vegetarians (44·3 %), pesco-vegetarians (10·6 %) and non-vegetarians (NV) (37·3 %)...
2019: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30828450/vitamin-b-12-and-folate-status-in-spanish-lacto-ovo-vegetarians-and-vegans
#7
Angélica Gallego-Narbón, Belén Zapatera, Laura Barrios, M Pilar Vaquero
Studies on the nutritional status of vegetarians in Spain are lacking. Prevention of vitamin B12 deficiency is the main concern, as dietary sources are of animal origin. The present study aimed to evaluate vitamin B12 and folate status of Spanish vegetarians using classical markers and functional markers. Participants were adult and healthy lacto-ovo vegetarians (forty-nine subjects) and vegans (fifty-four subjects) who underwent blood analyses and completed a FFQ. Serum vitamin B12 , homocysteine (Hcy), methylmalonic acid (MMA), erythrocyte folate and haematological parameters were determined...
2019: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30642053/a-plant-based-meal-increases-gastrointestinal-hormones-and-satiety-more-than-an-energy-and-macronutrient-matched-processed-meat-meal-in-t2d-obese-and-healthy-men-a-three-group-randomized-crossover-study
#8
Marta Klementova, Lenka Thieme, Martin Haluzik, Renata Pavlovicova, Martin Hill, Terezie Pelikanova, Hana Kahleova
Gastrointestinal hormones are involved in regulation of glucose metabolism and satiety. We tested the acute effect of meal composition on these hormones in three population groups. A randomized crossover design was used to examine the effects of two energy- and macronutrient-matched meals: a processed-meat and cheese (M-meal) and a vegan meal with tofu (V-meal) on gastrointestinal hormones, and satiety in men with type 2 diabetes (T2D, n = 20), obese men (O, n = 20), and healthy men (H, n = 20). Plasma concentrations of glucagon-like peptide -1 (GLP-1), amylin, and peptide YY (PYY) were determined at 0, 30, 60, 120 and 180 min...
January 12, 2019: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30645644/plant-based-vegan-diets-for-pets-a-survey-of-pet-owner-attitudes-and-feeding-practices
#9
Sarah A S Dodd, Nick J Cave, Jennifer L Adolphe, Anna K Shoveller, Adronie Verbrugghe
People who avoid eating animals tend to share their homes with animal companions, and moral dilemma may arise when they are faced with feeding animal products to their omnivorous dogs and carnivorous cats. One option to alleviate this conflict is to feed pets a diet devoid of animal ingredients-a 'plant-based' or 'vegan' diet. The number of pet owners who avoid animal products, either in their own or in their pets' diet, is not currently known. The objective of this study was to estimate the number of meat-avoiding pet owners, identify concerns regarding conventional animal- and plant-based pet food, and estimate the number of pets fed a plant-based diet...
2019: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30609492/toxic-metals-al-cd-pb-and-hg-in-the-most-consumed-edible-seaweeds-in-europe
#10
Soraya Paz, Carmen Rubio, Inmaculada Frías, Ángel J Gutiérrez, Dailos González-Weller, Verónica Martín, Consuelo Revert, Arturo Hardisson
Algae are becoming increasingly common because of their importance in vegan and vegetarian diets. Although they are a source of essential minerals, vitamins and antioxidants, these marine organisms have a high absorption capacity that can lead to the accumulation of toxic metals which are dangerous in humans. The objective of this study is to determine the content of toxic metals (Al, Cd, Pb and Hg) in edible seaweed samples marketed in Spain (Europe) to assess the toxicological risk from the intake of these metals...
March 2019: Chemosphere
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30571591/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a-vegan-diet-versus-the-american-heart-association-recommended-diet-in-coronary-artery-disease-trial
#11
Binita Shah, Jonathan D Newman, Kathleen Woolf, Lisa Ganguzza, Yu Guo, Nicole Allen, Judy Zhong, Edward A Fisher, James Slater
Background Dietary interventions may play a role in secondary cardiovascular prevention. hsCRP (High-sensitivity C-reactive protein) is a marker of risk for major adverse cardiovascular outcomes in coronary artery disease. Methods and Results The open-label, blinded end-point, EVADE CAD (Effects of a Vegan Versus the American Heart Association-Recommended Diet in Coronary Artery Disease) trial randomized participants (n=100) with coronary artery disease to 8 weeks of a vegan or American Heart Association-recommended diet with provision of groceries, tools to measure dietary intake, and dietary counseling...
December 4, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30571724/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-vegans-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#12
Jocelyne R Benatar, Ralph A H Stewart
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that plant based diets are associated with lower cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of a vegan compared to an omnivorous diet on cardio-metabolic risk factors. METHODS: Meta-analysis of observational studies published between 1960 and June 2018 that reported one or more cardio-metabolic risk factors in vegans and controls eating an omnivorous diet were undertaken. Macro-nutrient intake and cardio-metabolic risk factors were compared by dietary pattern...
2018: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30577451/vegan-nutrition-for-mothers-and-children-practical-tools-for-healthcare-providers
#13
Luciana Baroni, Silvia Goggi, Roseila Battaglino, Mario Berveglieri, Ilaria Fasan, Denise Filippin, Paul Griffith, Gianluca Rizzo, Carla Tomasini, Maria Alessandra Tosatti, Maurizio Antonio Battino
As the number of subjects choosing vegan diets increases, healthcare providers must be prepared to give the best advice to vegan patients during all stages of life. A completely plant-based diet is suitable during pregnancy, lactation, infancy, and childhood, provided that it is well-planned. Balanced vegan diets meet energy requirements on a wide variety of plant foods and pay attention to some nutrients that may be critical, such as protein, fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, zinc, iodine, calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B12...
December 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30605705/-if-i-became-a-vegan-my-family-and-friends-would-hate-me-anticipating-vegan-stigma-as-a-barrier-to-plant-based-diets
#14
Kelly L Markowski, Susan Roxburgh
A significant body of literature has developed which examines why meat consumption continues to be so important to Americans. Our paper contributes to this literature by examining how fear of stigmatization may be a barrier to avoiding meat consumption. This is an important subject because there is evidence that suggests that individuals who avoid meat, especially vegans, are stigmatized for disrupting social conventions related to food. In this paper, we present data from a series of focus groups in which vegan, vegetarian, and omnivorous college students discussed perceptions of vegans and veganism...
December 31, 2018: Appetite
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29762334/toddler-s-paralysis-an-acute-case-of-leg-stiffening-in-a-previously-healthy-2-year-old
#15
Kimberly Renee Kahne, Ee Tein Tay
Vegetarian and vegan diets are gaining popularity in the United States. Although appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including vegan diets, are healthful and nutritionally adequate and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases, not all families are aware of the nutritional supplements that may be required for their children. We describe a case of a 2-year-old previously healthy child consuming a vegan diet who presented to the pediatric emergency department with an acute inability to move her legs...
June 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29931273/vitamin-b-12-content-in-breast-milk-of-vegan-vegetarian-and-nonvegetarian-lactating-women-in-the-united-states
#16
Roman Pawlak, Paul Vos, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, Daniela Hampel, Lindsay H Allen, Maryanne Tigchelaar Perrin
Background: The nutritional profile of human milk varies significantly between women, and the impact of maternal diet on these variations is not well understood. Objective: We analyzed breast-milk vitamin B-12 concentration and vitamin B-12 supplement use pattern among women who adhered to different dietary patterns: vegan, vegetarian, and nonvegetarian. Design: A total of 74 milk samples, 29 from vegan, 19 from vegetarian, and 26 from nonvegetarian breastfeeding mothers, were analyzed...
September 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29948369/plant-versus-animal-based-diets-and-insulin-resistance-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-the-rotterdam-study
#17
Zhangling Chen, Maria Geertruida Zuurmond, Niels van der Schaft, Jana Nano, Hanneke Anna Hendrikje Wijnhoven, Mohammad Arfan Ikram, Oscar Horacio Franco, Trudy Voortman
Vegan or vegetarian diets have been suggested to reduce type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. However, not much is known on whether variation in the degree of having a plant-based versus animal-based diet may be beneficial for prevention of T2D. We aimed to investigate whether level of adherence to a diet high in plant-based foods and low in animal-based foods is associated with insulin resistance, prediabetes, and T2D. Our analysis included 6798 participants (62.7 ± 7.8 years) from the Rotterdam Study (RS), a prospective population-based cohort in the Netherlands...
September 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30016961/quality-of-life-of-female-and-male-vegetarian-and-vegan-endurance-runners-compared-to-omnivores-results-from-the-nurmi-study-step-2
#18
Patrick Boldt, Beat Knechtle, Pantelis Nikolaidis, Christoph Lechleitner, Gerold Wirnitzer, Claus Leitzmann, Thomas Rosemann, Katharina Wirnitzer
BACKGROUND: Health-related effects of a vegetarian or vegan diet are known to support parameters positively affecting exercise performance in athletes, whereas knowledge about psyche and wellbeing is sparse. Therefore, the aim of the Nutrition and Running High Mileage (NURMI) Study (Step 2) was to compare Quality of Life (QOL) scores among endurance runners following a vegetarian or vegan diet against those who adhere to an omnivorous diet. METHODS: The study was conducted following a cross-sectional design...
July 17, 2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30051170/a-cross-sectional-study-of-fatty-acids-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-in-human-milk-from-lactating-women-following-vegan-vegetarian-and-omnivore-diets
#19
Maryanne T Perrin, Roman Pawlak, Lisa L Dean, Amber Christis, Linda Friend
PURPOSE: Essential fatty acids are critical for brain growth and neurodevelopment in infancy. Maternal diet and supplement use have a significant impact on the fat composition of human milk. The objective of this study is to assess supplement utilization patterns and fatty acid and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentrations in the breast milk of women following vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore diet patterns. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, observational study of 74 lactating women in the United States following a vegan (n = 26), vegetarian (n = 22), or omnivore (n = 26) diet pattern...
July 26, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30062867/iron-status-and-dietary-iron-intake-in-vegetarians
#20
Aleksandra Śliwińska, Justyna Luty, Ewa Aleksandrowicz-Wrona, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: Iron is one of the nutrients that require special consideration in a plant-based diet. The widespread belief is that meat is the best source of iron and a vegetarian diet increases the risk of its deficiency. This conviction has been the subject of analysis in a growing number of scientific reports. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the iron intake and iron metabolism in vegetarians and vegans compared to a control group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 55 vegetarians and 36 healthy volunteers were studied...
October 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
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