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Breast cancer screening

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37 papers 25 to 100 followers QuestioningMedicine Podcast and MedPage Today reference material. @medquestioning tweet any questions or thoughts to be discussed during the podcast.
By Joe Weatherly FM/Hospitalist-CoFounder of QuestioningMedicine and PCRAP contributor.
Susan A Sabatino, Mary C White, Trevor D Thompson, Carrie N Klabunde
Regular breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer (CRC) screening with timely and appropriate follow-up and treatment reduces deaths from these cancers. Healthy People 2020 targets for cancer screening test use have been established, based on the most recent U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data are used to monitor progress toward the targets. CDC used the 2013 NHIS, the most recent data available, to examine breast, cervical, and CRC screening use...
May 8, 2015: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Jill Jin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 17, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
S Darby, P McGale, C Correa, C Taylor, R Arriagada, M Clarke, D Cutter, C Davies, M Ewertz, J Godwin, R Gray, L Pierce, T Whelan, Y Wang, R Peto
BACKGROUND: After breast-conserving surgery, radiotherapy reduces recurrence and breast cancer death, but it may do so more for some groups of women than for others. We describe the absolute magnitude of these reductions according to various prognostic and other patient characteristics, and relate the absolute reduction in 15-year risk of breast cancer death to the absolute reduction in 10-year recurrence risk. METHODS: We undertook a meta-analysis of individual patient data for 10,801 women in 17 randomised trials of radiotherapy versus no radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery, 8337 of whom had pathologically confirmed node-negative (pN0) or node-positive (pN+) disease...
November 12, 2011: Lancet
Diana S M Buist, Jaclyn L F Bosco, Rebecca A Silliman, Heather Taffet Gold, Terry Field, Marianne Ulcickas Yood, Virginia P Quinn, Marianne Prout, Timothy L Lash
Annual surveillance mammograms in older long-term breast cancer survivors are recommended, but this recommendation is based on little evidence and with no guidelines on when to stop. Surveillance mammograms should decrease breast cancer mortality by detecting second breast cancer events at an earlier stage. We examined the association between surveillance mammography beyond 5 years after diagnosis on breast cancer-specific mortality in a cohort of women aged ≥ 65 years diagnosed 1990-1994 with early stage breast cancer...
November 2013: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
P McGale, C Taylor, C Correa, D Cutter, F Duane, M Ewertz, R Gray, G Mannu, R Peto, T Whelan, Y Wang, Z Wang, S Darby
BACKGROUND: Postmastectomy radiotherapy was shown in previous meta-analyses to reduce the risks of both recurrence and breast cancer mortality in all women with node-positive disease considered together. However, the benefit in women with only one to three positive lymph nodes is uncertain. We aimed to assess the effect of radiotherapy in these women after mastectomy and axillary dissection. METHODS: We did a meta-analysis of individual data for 8135 women randomly assigned to treatment groups during 1964-86 in 22 trials of radiotherapy to the chest wall and regional lymph nodes after mastectomy and axillary surgery versus the same surgery but no radiotherapy...
June 21, 2014: Lancet
Andrew Coldman, Norm Phillips, Christine Wilson, Kathleen Decker, Anna M Chiarelli, Jacques Brisson, Bin Zhang, Jennifer Payne, Gregory Doyle, Rukshanda Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Screening with mammography has been shown by randomized controlled trials to reduce breast cancer mortality in women aged 40 to 74 years. Estimates from observational studies following screening implementation in different countries have produced varyied findings. We report findings for seven Canadian breast screening programs. METHODS: Canadian breast screening programs were invited to participate in a study aimed at comparing breast cancer mortality in participants and nonparticipants...
November 2014: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Sarah M Friedewald, Elizabeth A Rafferty, Stephen L Rose, Melissa A Durand, Donna M Plecha, Julianne S Greenberg, Mary K Hayes, Debra S Copit, Kara L Carlson, Thomas M Cink, Lora D Barke, Linda N Greer, Dave P Miller, Emily F Conant
IMPORTANCE: Mammography plays a key role in early breast cancer detection. Single-institution studies have shown that adding tomosynthesis to mammography increases cancer detection and reduces false-positive results. OBJECTIVE: To determine if mammography combined with tomosynthesis is associated with better performance of breast screening programs in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective analysis of screening performance metrics from 13 academic and nonacademic breast centers using mixed models adjusting for site as a random effect...
June 25, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Anna M Chiarelli, Maegan V Prummel, Derek Muradali, Vicky Majpruz, Meaghan Horgan, June C Carroll, Andrea Eisen, Wendy S Meschino, Rene S Shumak, Ellen Warner, Linda Rabeneck
PURPOSE: The Ontario Breast Screening Program expanded in July 2011 to screen women age 30 to 69 years at high risk for breast cancer with annual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and digital mammography. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first organized screening program for women at high risk for breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Performance measures after assessment were compared with screening results for 2,207 women with initial screening examinations...
July 20, 2014: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Natasha K Stout, Sandra J Lee, Clyde B Schechter, Karla Kerlikowske, Oguzhan Alagoz, Donald Berry, Diana S M Buist, Mucahit Cevik, Gary Chisholm, Harry J de Koning, Hui Huang, Rebecca A Hubbard, Diana L Miglioretti, Mark F Munsell, Amy Trentham-Dietz, Nicolien T van Ravesteyn, Anna N A Tosteson, Jeanne S Mandelblatt
BACKGROUND: Compared with film, digital mammography has superior sensitivity but lower specificity for women aged 40 to 49 years and women with dense breasts. Digital has replaced film in virtually all US facilities, but overall population health and cost from use of this technology are unclear. METHODS: Using five independent models, we compared digital screening strategies starting at age 40 or 50 years applied annually, biennially, or based on density with biennial film screening from ages 50 to 74 years and with no screening...
June 2014: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Suzanne W Fletcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Alai Tan, Yong-Fang Kuo, James S Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Cancer screening in individuals with limited life expectancy increases the risk of diagnosis and treatment of cancer that otherwise would not have become clinically apparent. OBJECTIVE: To estimate screening mammography use in women with limited life expectancy, its geographic variation, and association with access to primary care and mammographic resources. METHODS: We assessed screening mammography use in 2008-2009 in 106,737 women aged 66 years or older with an estimated life expectancy of <7 years using a 5% national sample of Medicare beneficiaries...
June 2014: Medical Care
Nikola Biller-Andorno, Peter Jüni
In January 2013, the Swiss Medical Board, an independent health technology assessment initiative under the auspices of the Conference of Health Ministers of the Swiss Cantons, the Swiss Medical Association, and the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences, was mandated to prepare a review of mammography..
May 22, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Louise C Walter, Mara A Schonberg
IMPORTANCE: Guidelines recommend individualizing screening mammography decisions for women aged 75 years and older. However, little pragmatic guidance is available to help counsel patients. OBJECTIVE: To provide an evidence-based approach for individualizing decision-making about screening mammography in older women. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched PubMed for English-language studies in peer-reviewed journals published from January 1, 1990, to February 1, 2014, to identify risk factors for late-life breast cancer in women aged 65 years and older and to quantify the benefits and harms of screening mammography for women aged 75 years and older...
April 2, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Solveig Hofvind, Per Skaane, Joann G Elmore, Sofie Sebuødegård, Solveig Roth Hoff, Christoph I Lee
PURPOSE: To compare performance measures before, during, and after the transition from screen-film mammography (SFM) to full-field digital mammography (FFDM) in a population-based screening program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: No institutional review board approval was required for this analysis involving anonymized data for women aged 50-69 years enrolled in the Norwegian Breast Cancer Screening Program during 1996-2010. The χ(2) test was used to examine the equality of proportions of recall rates, positive predictive value of recall examinations and of invasive procedures, in addition to rates of screening-detected and interval cancers in women initially screened with SFM and FFDM and for women subsequently screened with SFM after SFM, FFDM after SFM, and FFDM after FFDM...
July 2014: Radiology
Cristina O'Donoghue, Martin Eklund, Elissa M Ozanne, Laura J Esserman
BACKGROUND: Controversy exists over how often and at what age mammography screening should be implemented. Given that evidence supports less frequent screening, the cost differences among advocated screening policies should be better understood. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the aggregate cost of mammography screening in the United States in 2010 and compare the costs of policy recommendations by professional organizations. DESIGN: A model was developed to estimate the cost of mammography screening in 2010 and 3 screening strategies: annual (ages 40 to 84 years), biennial (ages 50 to 69 years), and U...
February 4, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Min Sun Bae, Woo Kyung Moon, Jung Min Chang, Hye Ryoung Koo, Won Hwa Kim, Nariya Cho, Ann Yi, Bo La Yun, Su Hyun Lee, Mi Young Kim, Eun Bi Ryu, Mirinae Seo
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review the mammograms of women with breast cancers detected at screening ultrasonography (US) to determine the reasons for nondetection at mammography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study received institutional review board approval, and informed consent was waived. Between 2003 and 2011, a retrospective database review revealed 335 US-depicted cancers in 329 women (median age, 47 years; age range, 29-69 years) with Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System breast density type 2-4...
February 2014: Radiology
Pragya A Dang, Phoebe E Freer, Kathryn L Humphrey, Elkan F Halpern, Elizabeth A Rafferty
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of implementing a screening tomosynthesis program on real-world clinical performance by quantifying differences between interpretation times for conventional screening mammography and combined tomosynthesis and mammography for multiple participating radiologists with a wide range of experience in a large academic center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this HIPAA-compliant, institutional review board-approved study, 10 radiologists prospectively read images from screening digital mammography or screening combined tomosynthesis and mammography examinations for 1-hour-long uninterrupted sessions...
January 2014: Radiology
Elizabeth Kagan Arleo, Brittany Zadek Dashevsky, Melissa Reichman, Kemi Babagbemi, Michele Drotman, Ruth Rosenblatt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to review screening mammography examinations performed at our institution from 2007 through 2010 with the primary endpoint of determining the incidence of breast cancer and associated histologic and prognostic features in women in their 40s. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who presented for screening mammography who ultimately (i.e., after additional imaging, including diagnostic mammographic views and ultrasound) received a BI-RADS assessment of a category 4 or 5 for a suspicious abnormality were followed retrospectively through completion of care and were analyzed with respect to pathology results after biopsy, treatment, and family history...
December 2013: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Britta L Anderson, Renata R Urban, Mark Pearlman, Jay Schulkin
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the knowledge and opinions of obstetrician and gynecologists (ob-gyns) regarding the USPSTF committee and statement, and to assess their reactions to healthcare legislation. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey study of ob-gyns was conducted six months after a controversial USPSTF recommendation statement was released in November 2009. Ob-gyns' opinions about the Women's Health Amendment (WHA) and the Affordable Care Act (ACA) were also assessed...
February 2014: Preventive Medicine
Brian L Sprague, Kenyon C Bolton, John L Mace, Sally D Herschorn, Ted A James, Pamela M Vacek, Donald L Weaver, Berta M Geller
PURPOSE: To determine whether the 2009 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines for breast cancer mammography screening were followed by changes in screening utilization in the state of Vermont. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was HIPAA compliant and approved by the institutional review board, with waiver of informed consent. Trends in screening mammography utilization during 1997-2011 were examined among approximately 150,000 women aged 40 years and older in the state of Vermont using statewide mammography registry data...
February 2014: Radiology
2014-10-16 02:42:45
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