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21 papers 25 to 100 followers
Jui-Hua Huang, Fu-Chou Cheng, Hsu-Chen Wu
The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of serum Mg on bone mineral metabolism in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with or without diabetes. A total of 56 CKD patients not receiving dialysis were recruited and divided into two groups, one group of 27 CKD patients with diabetes and another group of 29 CKD patients without diabetes. Biochemical determinations were made, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was measured. Bone mineral density was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
2015: International Journal of Endocrinology
James D Douketis, Alex C Spyropoulos, Scott Kaatz, Richard C Becker, Joseph A Caprini, Andrew S Dunn, David A Garcia, Alan Jacobson, Amir K Jaffer, David F Kong, Sam Schulman, Alexander G G Turpie, Vic Hasselblad, Thomas L Ortel
BACKGROUND: It is uncertain whether bridging anticoagulation is necessary for patients with atrial fibrillation who need an interruption in warfarin treatment for an elective operation or other elective invasive procedure. We hypothesized that forgoing bridging anticoagulation would be noninferior to bridging with low-molecular-weight heparin for the prevention of perioperative arterial thromboembolism and would be superior to bridging with respect to major bleeding. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in which, after perioperative interruption of warfarin therapy, patients were randomly assigned to receive bridging anticoagulation therapy with low-molecular-weight heparin (100 IU of dalteparin per kilogram of body weight) or matching placebo administered subcutaneously twice daily, from 3 days before the procedure until 24 hours before the procedure and then for 5 to 10 days after the procedure...
August 27, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Alex J Sinclair, Aaron Sturrock, Brendan Davies, Manjit Matharu
Headache is one of the most common conditions presenting to the neurology clinic, yet a significant proportion of these patients are unsatisfied by their clinic experience. Headache can be extremely disabling; effective treatment is not only essential for patients but is rewarding for the physician. In this first of two parts review of headache, we provide an overview of headache management, emerging therapeutic strategies and an accessible interpretation of clinical guidelines to assist the busy neurologist...
December 2015: Practical Neurology
K Craig Kent
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 371, Issue 22, Page 2101-2108, November 2014.
November 27, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
E L G Verhoeven, A Katsargyris, F Bekkema, K Oikonomou, C J A M Zeebregts, W Ritter, I F J Tielliu
OBJECTIVE: To present a 10 year experience with endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair using fenestrated and branched stent grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with TAAA treated with fenestrated and branched stent grafts within the period January 2004-December 2013. Data were collected prospectively. RESULTS: 166 patients (125 male, 41 female, mean age 68.8 ± 7.6 years) were treated. The mean TAAA diameter was 71 ± 9...
May 2015: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Nassrene Y Elmadhun, Ashraf A Sabe, Antonio D Lassaletta, Frank W Sellke
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that daily low to moderate alcohol consumption is cardioprotective as compared with abstainers and high alcohol consumption. Our group reported that alcohol consumption improves angiogenesis in chronically ischemic myocardium. We developed a clinically relevant follow-up study to assess the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on new vessel growth in normal myocardium remote from an ischemic territory in a swine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen male Yorkshire swine underwent placement of an ameroid constrictor to induce chronic myocardial ischemia...
February 2015: Journal of Surgical Research
Stephen R Sullivan, Helena O Taylor
A 19-year-old woman presented with amputation of her left ear by a pit bull (Panels A and B). The patient's tetanus vaccination and the dog's rabies vaccination were up to date. The ear was débrided and replanted by microvascular anastomosis of a 0.3-mm branch of the posterior auricular artery...
April 17, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Allen Hamdan
Chronic venous disease, reviewed herein, is manifested by a spectrum of signs and symptoms, including cosmetic spider veins, asymptomatic varicosities, large painful varicose veins, edema, hyperpigmentation and lipodermatosclerosis of skin, and ulceration. However, there is no definitive stepwise progression from spider veins to ulcers and, in fact, severe skin complications of varicose veins, even when extensive, are not guaranteed. Treatment options range from conservative (eg, medications, compression stockings, lifestyle changes) to minimally invasive (eg, sclerotherapy or endoluminal ablation), invasive (surgical techniques), and hybrid (combination of ≥1 therapies)...
December 26, 2012: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Dharam J Kumbhani, Ph Gabriel Steg, Christopher P Cannon, Kim A Eagle, Sidney C Smith, Shinya Goto, E Magnus Ohman, Yedid Elbez, Piyamitr Sritara, Iris Baumgartner, Subhash Banerjee, Mark A Creager, Deepak L Bhatt
AIMS: Due to a high burden of systemic cardiovascular events, current guidelines recommend the use of statins in all patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). We sought to study the impact of statin use on limb prognosis in patients with symptomatic PAD enrolled in the international REACH registry. METHODS: Statin use was assessed at study enrolment, as well as a time-varying covariate. Rates of the primary adverse limb outcome (worsening claudication/new episode of critical limb ischaemia, new percutaneous/surgical revascularization, or amputation) at 4 years and the composite of cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction/stroke were compared among statin users vs...
November 1, 2014: European Heart Journal
Willy Arung, Michel Meurisse, Olivier Detry
Peritoneal adhesions represent an important clinical challenge in gastrointestinal surgery. Peritoneal adhesions are a consequence of peritoneal irritation by infection or surgical trauma, and may be considered as the pathological part of healing following any peritoneal injury, particularly due to abdominal surgery. The balance between fibrin deposition and degradation is critical in determining normal peritoneal healing or adhesion formation. Postoperative peritoneal adhesions are a major cause of morbidity resulting in multiple complications, many of which may manifest several years after the initial surgical procedure...
November 7, 2011: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Thomas Rudolf Wyss, Ulrike Huegel, Anne Stirnimann, Nils Kucher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2015: European Heart Journal
Keith Wheatley, Natalie Ives, Richard Gray, Philip A Kalra, Jonathan G Moss, Colin Baigent, Susan Carr, Nicholas Chalmers, David Eadington, George Hamilton, Graham Lipkin, Anthony Nicholson, John Scoble
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous revascularization of the renal arteries improves patency in atherosclerotic renovascular disease, yet evidence of a clinical benefit is limited. METHODS: In a randomized, unblinded trial, we assigned 806 patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease either to undergo revascularization in addition to receiving medical therapy or to receive medical therapy alone. The primary outcome was renal function, as measured by the reciprocal of the serum creatinine level (a measure that has a linear relationship with creatinine clearance)...
November 12, 2009: New England Journal of Medicine
A Linné, K Smidfelt, M Langenskiöld, R Hultgren, J Nordanstig, B Kragsterman, D Lindström
OBJECTIVES: Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) substantially reduces aneurysm-related mortality in men and is increasing worldwide. This cohort study compares post-operative mortality and complications in men with screening-detected vs. non-screening-detected AAAs. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Swedish National Registry for Vascular Surgery (Swedvasc) for all screening-detected men treated for AAA (n = 350) and age-matched controls treated for non-screening-detected AAA (n = 350)...
December 2014: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Layton F Rikkers, David B Hoyt, David R Flum, Mark A Malangoni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Annals of Surgery
Fen Qiang Li, Gi-Young Ko, Kyu-Bo Sung, Dong-Il Gwon, Heung Kyu Ko, Jong Woo Kim, Eunsil Yu
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transfemoral liver biopsy with a Quick-Core biopsy needle in select living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) recipients. Eight LDLT recipients underwent 9 transfemoral liver biopsy sessions. Six patients had undergone modified right lobe (mRL) LDLT, and 2 patients had undergone dual-left lobe LDLT. The indications for transfemoral liver biopsy were a hepatic vein (HV) at an acute angle to the inferior vena cava (IVC) on the coronal plane and a thin (<10-mm) liver parenchyma surrounding the HV to be biopsied on enhanced computed tomography...
October 2014: Liver Transplantation
Emily Goldmann, Sandro Galea
We present in this review the current state of disaster mental health research. In particular, we provide an overview of research on the presentation, burden, correlates, and treatment of mental disorders following disasters. We also describe challenges to studying the mental health consequences of disasters and discuss the limitations in current methodologies. Finally, we offer directions for future disaster mental health research.
2014: Annual Review of Public Health
Gowri Raman, Denish Moorthy, Nira Hadar, Issa J Dahabreh, Thomas F O'Donnell, David E Thaler, Edward Feldmann, Joseph Lau, Georgios D Kitsios
BACKGROUND: Adults with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis are at increased risk for ipsilateral carotid territory ischemic stroke. PURPOSE: To examine comparative evidence on management strategies for asymptomatic carotid stenosis and the incidence of ipsilateral stroke with medical therapy alone. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, U.S. Food and Drug Administration documents, and review of references through 31 December 2012...
May 7, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
Rory F Rickard, Donald A Hudson
The history of microvascular surgery is intimately linked to that of vascular surgery. Microvascular techniques, developed mainly in China, Japan, Australia, and the United States of America, built on the principles of vascular anastomosis established by pioneers in France, Germany, Italy, and the United States of America. We present a history of the technique here.
October 2014: Annals of Plastic Surgery
David P Sklar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2013: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Guilermo E Umpierez
Many patients admitted to the hospital have diabetes mellitus-diagnosed or undiagnosed-and others develop hyperglycemia from the stress of hospitalization. This paper discusses the prevalence, outcomes, and evidence for best management of hyperglycemia and diabetes in hospitalized patients outside the critical care setting.
June 2011: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
2014-10-06 01:15:55
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