Raquel Lemos, Catarina Cunha, João Marôco, Ana Afonso, Mário R Simões, Isabel Santana
AIM: The Logical Memory (LM) and the Verbal Paired Associative Learning (VPAL) are subtests from the Wechsler Memory Scale commonly used to characterize the memory deficit of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT) was suggested to assess the memory impairment of AD spectrum patients by the International Working Group on AD. In the present study, we compared the properties of the tests and their accuracy in classifying aMCI and AD...
August 2015: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
E Grober, H Buschke, H Crystal, S Bang, R Dresner
Enhanced cued recall provides a simple and clinically useful memory test for identifying dementia in the elderly. Because this test induces semantic processing and coordinates encoding and retrieval for maximum recall, genuine memory deficits due to impairment of specific memory processes can be distinguished from apparent memory deficits due to use of inefficient strategies or impairment of other cognitive processes. Since genuine memory deficits in the elderly are usually associated with dementia, their identification is highly predictive of clinical dementia...
June 1988: Neurology
E Grober, D Dickson, M J Sliwinski, H Buschke, M Katz, H Crystal, R B Lipton
We assessed the relationships of performance on memory and mental status tests and neuropathologic stage of Alzheimer's disease as defined by Braak and Braak in 29 patients from a prospective clinicopathologic series. We predicted that memory changes would occur at an earlier Braak stage than mental status changes. Staging was accomplished by matching the topographic distribution of neurofibrillary lesions detected with tau immunocytochemistry to the best fitting diagram published by Braak and Braak. Higher Braak stages were associated with decrements in performance on both memory and mental status tests...
November 1999: Neurobiology of Aging
E Grober, H Buschke, C Kawas, P Fuld
The present work explored the loss of semantic attributes that is said to occur in dementia. In the first two experiments, subjects had to select attributes that went with concepts like airplane and church. The finding that demented subjects maintained high levels of accuracy when selecting attributes suggested that the semantic content of their concepts was relatively well preserved. The organization of the content was explored in a third experiment by having subjects order attributes according to their relative importance in defining concepts...
November 1985: Brain and Language
Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo, Roberta Perri, Carlo Caltagirone
Aim of the present review paper was to evaluate the hypothesis (included in the proposal of new research criteria for Alzheimer's disease; Dubois et al., Lancet Neurology, 6, 734-746, 2007) that a neuropsychological tool which provides support for the semantic encoding of memorandum at the time of study and supplies category cues at the time of retrieval (i.e. the Grober-Buschke paradigm) is more effective than traditional measures of free recall in 1) differentiating patients affected by the amnestic form of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) or by mild to moderate forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) from healthy matches, 2) predicting the conversion of individuals with MCI to AD, and 3) differentiating AD patients from individuals affected by other forms of dementia...
March 2011: Neuropsychology Review
Axel Van Der Gucht, Antoine Verger, Yalcin Yagdigul, Sylvain Poussier, Laure Joly, Ghassan Watfa, Athanase Benetos, Gilles Karcher, Pierre-Yves Marie
BACKGROUND: 18F-FDG PET can be used to aid in the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and clarify the diagnosis and prognosis of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). PURPOSE: To compare the results of a quantitative analysis of FDG-PET brain images to a standard visual analysis (SVA) with regards to the detection of MCI-like hypometabolic pattern in elderly patients with hypertension and subjective, isolated memory complaints. MATERIAL AND METHODS: FDG-PET brain was performed in 71 patients (mean age, 76...
August 2015: Acta Radiologica
Magali Saint Martin, Emilia Sforza, Catherine Thomas-Anterion, Jean Claude Barthélémy, Frédéric Roche
OBJECTIVES: To assess the role of the cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS), as measured according to spontaneous cardiac baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), in the type and degree of cognitive performance in healthy young-elderly individuals, taking into account the presence of other vascular risk factors. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: In-home and clinical settings. PARTICIPANTS: A subset of participants, aged 66...
December 2013: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Roberta Perri, Marco Monaco, Lucia Fadda, Laura Serra, Camillo Marra, Carlo Caltagirone, Amalia C Bruni, Sabrina Curcio, M Bozzali, Giovanni A Carlesimo
Memory tests able to differentiate encoding and retrieval processes from the memoranda storing ones should be used to differentiate patients in a very early phase of AD. In fact, individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) can be characterized by two different memory profiles: a pure amnestic one (with poor learning and retrieval and poor improvement when encoding is assisted and retrieval is facilitated) and a dysexecutive one (with inefficient encoding and/or poor retrieval strategies and improvement with assisted encoding and retrieval)...
2015: Journal of Neurology
Davide Quaranta, Maria Gabriella Vita, Alessandra Bizzarro, Carlo Masullo, Chiara Piccininni, Guido Gainotti, Camillo Marra
AIMS: To investigate the relationship between psychotic symptoms and cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: A total of 108 subjects affected by AD were subdivided into subjects without delusions (ND), subjects with paranoid delusions (PD), subjects with delusional misidentifications (DM), subjects with both DM and PD (DM+PD), subjects with visual hallucinations (v-HALL), and subjects without visual hallucinations (N-HALL). RESULTS: PD and ND subjects performed similarly on neuropsychological tests, while DM patients performed significantly worse than PD and ND patients...
2015: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Shelly L Gray, Melissa L Anderson, Sascha Dublin, Joseph T Hanlon, Rebecca Hubbard, Rod Walker, Onchee Yu, Paul K Crane, Eric B Larson
IMPORTANCE: Many medications have anticholinergic effects. In general, anticholinergic-induced cognitive impairment is considered reversible on discontinuation of anticholinergic therapy. However, a few studies suggest that anticholinergics may be associated with an increased risk for dementia. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether cumulative anticholinergic use is associated with a higher risk for incident dementia. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective population-based cohort study using data from the Adult Changes in Thought study in Group Health, an integrated health care delivery system in Seattle, Washington...
March 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Jose Gutierrez, Randolph S Marshall, Ronald M Lazar
IMPORTANCE: Whether cognition is influenced by arterial stiffness in the absence of vascular disease remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that indirect measures of arterial stiffness are important predictors of cognitive performance and that this relationship varies depending on the presence of vascular disease. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 2573 noninstitutionalized US adults randomly selected from 2 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2002)...
March 2015: JAMA Neurology
Ronan Zimmermann, Ute Gschwandtner, Florian Hatz, Christian Schindler, Habib Bousleiman, Shaheen Ahmed, Martin Hardmeier, Antonia Meyer, Pasquale Calabrese, Peter Fuhr
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD) are heterogeneous and can be classified into cognitive domains. Quantitative EEG is related to and predictive of cognitive status in PD. In this cross-sectional study, the relationship of cognitive domains and EEG slowing in PD patients without dementia is investigated. METHODS: A total of 48 patients with idiopathic PD were neuropsychologically tested. Cognitive domain scores were calculated combining Z-scores of test variables...
2015: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Rosie Watson, Sean J Colloby, Andrew M Blamire, John T O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns of cortical thinning in subjects with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and normal aging and investigate the relationship between cortical thickness and clinical measures. METHODS: Study participants (31 DLB, 30 AD, and 33 healthy comparison subjects) underwent 3-Tesla T1-weighted MRI and completed clinical and cognitive assessments. We used the FreeSurfer analysis package to measure cortical thickness and investigated the patterns of cortical thinning across groups...
January 2015: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Edmond Teng, Nicole Chow, Kristy S Hwang, Paul M Thompson, Karen H Gylys, Gregory M Cole, Clifford R Jack, Leslie M Shaw, John Q Trojanowski, Holly D Soares, Michael W Weiner, Liana G Apostolova
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype is the strongest known genetic risk factor for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the utility of plasma ApoE levels for assessing the severity of underlying neurodegenerative changes remains uncertain. Here, we examined cross-sectional associations between plasma ApoE levels and volumetric magnetic resonance imaging indices of the hippocampus from 541 participants [57 with normal cognition (NC), 375 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 109 with mild AD] who were enrolled in the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative...
2015: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Joe Verghese, Emmeline Ayers, Nir Barzilai, David A Bennett, Aron S Buchman, Roee Holtzer, Mindy J Katz, Richard B Lipton, Cuiling Wang
OBJECTIVE: To report incidence and risk factors for motoric cognitive risk syndrome (MCR), a newly described predementia syndrome characterized by slow gait and cognitive complaints. METHODS: We examined incidence rates of MCR in 3,128 adults aged 60 years and older, MCR- and dementia-free at baseline, participating in 4 US-based cohort studies. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association of modifiable risk factors with risk of MCR were computed using Cox models...
December 9, 2014: Neurology
Joon-Ho Shin, Jae-Young Lim, Ki Woong Kim, Suyoung Kim, Jaebong Lee, Nam-Jong Paik
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The early cognitive continuum has been emphasized recently. We sought to characterize the functional and physical aspects of the cognitive continuum in subjects with no cognitive impairment (NCI), subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), nonamnestic (NA-MCI), and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (A-MCI). Furthermore, we identified the potential diagnostic utility of specific functional tasks. METHODS: A total of 702 participants, aged ≥65 years and defined as NCI, SCI, NA-MCI, and A-MCI according to the original Petersen criteria, were included...
2015: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Michael Henry Rosenbloom, Alireza Atri
BACKGROUND: Rapidly progressive dementia (RPD) is a unique set of disorders resulting in cognitive, behavioral, and motor decline within 2 years. A variety of etiologies may contribute to RPD including neurodegenerative, inflammatory, infectious, and toxic-metabolic conditions. Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease (CJD) is frequently the most concerning diagnosis on the differential. The challenge for the neurologist is distinguishing prion disease from reversible processes that result in dementia...
March 2011: Neurologist
Rebekah M Ahmed, Muireann Irish, Jonathan Kam, Jolanda van Keizerswaard, Lauren Bartley, Katherine Samaras, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet
IMPORTANCE: Presence of eating abnormalities is one of the core criteria for the diagnosis of behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), yet their occurrence in other subtypes of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and effect on metabolic health is not known. OBJECTIVE: To define and quantify patterns of eating behavior and energy, sugar, carbohydrate, protein, and fat intake, as well as indices of metabolic health in patients with bvFTD and semantic dementia (SD) compared with patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and healthy control participants...
December 2014: JAMA Neurology
Jennifer S Lin, Elizabeth O'Connor, Rebecca C Rossom, Leslie A Perdue, Elizabeth Eckstrom
BACKGROUND: Earlier identification of cognitive impairment may reduce patient and caregiver morbidity. PURPOSE: To systematically review the diagnostic accuracy of brief cognitive screening instruments and the benefits and harms of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions for early cognitive impairment. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through December 2012; systematic reviews; clinical trial registries; and experts...
November 5, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
Ronald J Gurrera, Michele J Karel, Armin R Azar, Jennifer Moye
OBJECTIVE: The capacity of older adults to make healthcare decisions is often impaired in dementia and has been linked to performance on specific neuropsychological tasks. Within-person across-test neuropsychological performance variability has been shown to predict future dementia. This study examined the relationship of within-person across-test neuropsychological performance variability to a current construct of treatment decision (consent) capacity. METHODS: Participants completed a neuropsychological test battery and a standardized capacity assessment...
November 2014: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
2014-10-19 17:38:27
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