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13 papers 1000+ followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
M van Middelkoop, N K Arden, I Atchia, F Birrell, J Chao, M U Rezende, R G W Lambert, P Ravaud, J W Bijlsma, M Doherty, K S Dziedzic, L S Lohmander, T E McAlindon, W Zhang, S M A Bierma-Zeinstra
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of intra-articular (IA) glucocorticoids for knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA) in specific subgroups of patients with severe pain and inflammatory signs using individual patient data (IPD) from existing trials. DESIGN: Randomized trials evaluating one or more IA glucocorticoid preparation in patients with knee or hip OA, published from 1995 up to June 2012 were selected from the literature. IPD obtained from original trials included patient and disease characteristics and outcomes measured...
July 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Roy D Altman, H Richard Barthel
This review discusses the pharmacology, analgesic efficacy, safety and tolerability of topical NSAIDs, salicylates and capsaicin for the management of osteoarthritis (OA) pain. Topical therapies present a valuable therapeutic option for OA pain management, with substantial evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of topical NSAIDs, but less robust support for capsaicin and salicylates. We define topical therapies as those intended to act locally, in contrast to transdermal therapies intended to act systemically...
July 9, 2011: Drugs
Gustavo C Machado, Chris G Maher, Paulo H Ferreira, Marina B Pinheiro, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Richard O Day, Andrew J McLachlan, Manuela L Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of paracetamol (acetaminophen) in the management of spinal pain and osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, AMED, CINAHL, Web of Science, LILACS, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception to December 2014. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials comparing the efficacy and safety of paracetamol with placebo for spinal pain (neck or low back pain) and osteoarthritis of the hip or knee...
March 31, 2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Christine K O'Neil, Joseph T Hanlon, Zachary A Marcum
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common cause of disability in older adults, and although analgesic use can be helpful, it can also result in adverse drug events. OBJECTIVE: To review the recent literature to describe potential adverse drug events associated with analgesics commonly used by older adults with OA. METHODS: To identify articles for this review, a systematic search of the English-language literature from January 2001 to June 2012 was conducted using PubMed, MEDLINE, EBSCO, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for publications related to the medical management of OA...
December 2012: American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy
S P J Verkleij, P A J Luijsterburg, A M Bohnen, B W Koes, S M A Bierma-Zeinstra
OBJECTIVE: To identify sources of heterogeneity (statistical, methodological, and clinical) in studies evaluating non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) vs acetaminophen in patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) to elucidate variations in outcomes. METHOD: A database search (1966 to January 2010) was made for (randomized) controlled trials ((R)CTs) comparing NSAIDs vs acetaminophen in knee and hip OA. Extracted data included baseline demographic/clinical characteristics, outcomes at follow-up, and characteristics of study design...
August 2011: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Allan C Gelber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The incidence and prevalence of osteoarthritis at the knee, hip, and hand joints are rising. Knowledge about recent developments in the treatment of osteoarthritis is highly relevant to current medical and rheumatology practice. This review will highlight key findings from the published literature in the past 18 months, identified via a PubMed search, including the context for these studies, their key findings, and implications. RECENT FINDINGS: Main themes from the literature covered by this article include a continued focus on acetaminophen and glucosamine-chondroitin as therapeutic agents in the medical management of osteoarthritis...
May 2015: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Amanda E Nelson, Kelli D Allen, Yvonne M Golightly, Adam P Goode, Joanne M Jordan
PURPOSE: Although a number of osteoarthritis (OA) management guidelines exist, uptake has been suboptimal. Our aim was to review and critically evaluate existing OA management guidelines to better understand potential issues and barriers. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature in MEDLINE published from January 1, 2000 to April 1, 2013 was performed and supplemented by bibliographic reviews, following PRISMA guidelines and a written protocol. Following initial title and abstract screening, 2 authors independently reviewed full-text articles; a third settled disagreements...
June 2014: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Cem Gabay, Carole Medinger-Sadowski, Danielle Gascon, Frank Kolo, Axel Finckh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the symptomatic effects of highly purified chondroitin 4 and chondroitin 6 sulfate (CS) therapy in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hand. METHODS: This investigator-initiated, single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial included 162 symptomatic patients with radiographic evidence of hand OA (American College of Rheumatology criteria). Inclusion criteria included patient's assessment of global spontaneous hand pain of at least 40 mm on a 0-100-mm visual analog scale (VAS) and functional impairment of at least 6 (0-30 scale) on the Functional Index for Hand OA (FIHOA) in the most symptomatic hand...
November 2011: Arthritis and Rheumatism
Raveendhara R Bannuru, Christopher H Schmid, David M Kent, Elizaveta E Vaysbrot, John B Wong, Timothy E McAlindon
BACKGROUND: The relative efficacy of available treatments of knee osteoarthritis (OA) must be determined for rational treatment algorithms to be formulated. PURPOSE: To examine the efficacy of treatments of primary knee OA using a network meta-analysis design, which estimates relative effects of all treatments against each other. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception through 15 August 2014, and unpublished data...
January 6, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
E M Bartels, V N Folmer, H Bliddal, R D Altman, C Juhl, S Tarp, W Zhang, R Christensen
The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of oral ginger for symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) by carrying out a systematic literature search followed by meta-analyses on selected studies. Inclusion criteria were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing oral ginger treatment with placebo in OA patients aged >18 years. Outcomes were reduction in pain and reduction in disability. Harm was assessed as withdrawals due to adverse events. The efficacy effect size was estimated using Hedges' standardized mean difference (SMD), and safety by risk ratio (RR)...
January 2015: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
M Y Chan, J R Center, J A Eisman, T V Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: High body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased risk of osteoarthritis (OA) and reduced risk of fragility fracture. However, the relationship between fragility fracture and OA remained unclear. This study sought to investigate the effect of bone mineral density (BMD) in the OA-fracture relationship. METHODS: Data from 2412 women and 1452 men aged >45 years in the Dubbo Osteoporosis Epidemiology Study (DOES) were analyzed. Individuals have been followed for up to 22 years (median: 7...
September 2014: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
A Lùrati, A Laria, D Mazzocchi, K A Re, M Marrazza, M Scarpellini
OBJECTIVE: Determine Th lymphocytes concentration in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA). Evaluate their change after HA viscosupplementation. METHODS: Patients with early primary knee or hip OA (ACR Criteria) were recruited in two groups: group A was only observed longitudinally, group B was treated with a course of three weekly intra-articular injections of HA. A healthy control group gender and age matched was enrolled too. All subjects were followed for 3 months...
January 2015: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
M R Ahmed, A Mehmood, F-ur-R Bhatti, S N Khan, S Riazuddin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of Adipose derived MSCs (ADMSCs) in combination with chondrocytes in counteracting oxidative stress in chondrocytes in vitro and in rat model of osteoarthritis (OA). METHOD: Cultured chondrocytes were exposed to oxidative stress with 200 μM Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), followed by co-culture with ADMSCs or chondrocytes or combination of both cell types in a transwell culture system for 36 h. The cytoprotective effect was assessed by immunocytochemistry and gene expression analysis...
November 2014: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
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