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Growth hormone deficiency in adults

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By Ehud Ur Professor and Head, Endocrinology, UBC, Vancouver
M Ahmid, C G Perry, S F Ahmed, M G Shaikh
Until quite recently, the management of children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) had focussed on the use of recombinant human GH (rhGH) therapy to normalise final adult height. However, research over the past two decades that has demonstrated deficits in bone health and cardiac function, as well as impaired quality of life in adults with childhood-onset GHD (CO-GHD), has questioned this practice. Some of these studies suggested that there may be short-term benefits of rhGH in certain group of adolescents with GHD during transition, although the impact of GHD and replacement during the transition period has not been adequately investigated and its long-term benefits remain unclear...
May 2016: Endocrine Connections
Emine Çamtosun, Zeynep Şıklar, Merih Berberoğlu
Objective: Continuation of growth hormone (GH) treatment in adolescents with severe childhood onset idiopathic GH deficiency (IGHD) during the transition period, irrespective of achievement of final height, is still debatable. We aimed to prospectively investigate the metabolic profile, bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition of patients with IGHD in whom GH treatments were terminated after they had reached their final height, six months after the cessation of therapy. Methods: Twelve patients, six of whom had peak GH levels <5 ng/mL [permanent GH deficiency (GHD), group 1], and six who had peak GH levels >5 ng/mL (transient GHD, group 2) after insulin stimulation test were evaluated for anthropometric and laboratory parameters including fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin, lipid profile, BMD, body composition measurements and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring before (baseline) and at six months after discontinuation of GH...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
Erick Richmond, Alan D Rogol
Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) has been available since 1985. Before 1985 growth hormone (GH) was extracted from cadaveric pituitary glands, but this was stopped in most countries that year, following the recognition that it could transmit Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease. The primary goal of rhGH treatment in GHD patients is to normalize height during childhood and adolescence and attain an adult height within the normal range and within the target height range (genetic potential). Genome-wide association studies have been used increasingly to study the genetic influence on height...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
A Chinoy, P G Murray
Growth hormone deficiency is a rare cause of childhood short stature, but one for which treatment exists in the form of recombinant human growth hormone. A diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency is made based on auxology, biochemistry and imaging. Although no diagnostic gold standard exists, growth hormone provocation tests are considered the mainstay of diagnostic investigations. However, these must be interpreted with caution in view of issues with variability and reproducibility, as well as the limited evidence-base for cut-off values used to distinguish growth hormone deficient and non-growth hormone deficient subjects...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Berthold P Hauffa, Philippe Touraine, Tanya Urquhart-Kelly, Ekaterina Koledova
Growth hormone (GH) promotes growth in children, but is also essential for bone strength, body composition, metabolic factors, such as lipid profile, and maintenance of quality of life. The Merck KGaA (Germany) funded "360° GH in Europe" meeting, held in Lisbon, Portugal, in June 2016, comprised three sessions entitled " Short Stature Diagnosis and Referral ," " Optimizing Patient Management and Adherence ," and " Managing Transition ." The scientific program covered all stages of pediatric GH treatment, and reported here are the outcomes of the third session of the meeting, which considered transition from pediatric GH treatment to teenage and young adult GH therapy...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Daojun Mo, Werner F Blum, Myriam Rosilio, Susan M Webb, Rong Qi, Christian J Strasburger
CONTEXT: Previous studies showed improvement in impaired quality of life (QoL) in adult patients with growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) who were treated with GH; improvement was sustained over a few years after GH therapy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the QoL over 10 years. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study. SETTING: The study was conducted in clinical practice. PATIENTS: 1436 adult patients with adult-onset (AO) GHD (mean age [standard deviation (SD)]: 49...
December 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Meryl Brod, Lise Højbjerre, Johan Erpur Adalsteinsson, Michael Højby Rasmussen
CONTEXT: Approximately 50 000 adults in the United States are diagnosed with GH deficiency, which has negative impacts on cognitive functioning, psychological well-being, and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents development and validation of a patient-reported outcome measure (PRO), the Treatment-Related Impact Measure-Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency (TRIM-AGHD). The TRIM-AGHD was developed to measure the impact of GH deficiency and its treatment. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: The development and validation of the TRIM-AGHD was conducted according to the Food and Drug Administration guidance on the development of PROs...
April 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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