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Mehmet Nuri Erdem, H Yener Erken, Halil Burc, Gursel Saka, Mehmet Fatih Korkmaz, Mehmet Aydogan
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to report the results of selective open reduction and internal fixation of fractures of the posterior malleolus with a posterolateral approach and to compare the results of the 2 techniques. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 40 patients who underwent posterior malleolar fracture fixation between 2008 and 2012. The patients were treated with a posterolateral approach. We assigned alternating patients to receive plate fixation and the next screw fixation, consecutively, based on the order in which they presented to our institution...
October 2014: Foot & Ankle International
Jesse E Bible, Hassan R Mir
The modularity and ease of application of modern external fixation has expanded its potential use in the management of fractures and other musculoskeletal conditions. In fracture care, it can be used for provisional and definitive fixation. Short-term provisional applications include "damage control" and periarticular fracture fixation. The risk:benefit ratio of added stability needs to be assessed with each fixator. Soft-tissue management is critical during pin insertion to lessen the risk of loosening and infection...
November 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Jamal Ahmad, Kennis Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate and compare the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of using osteochondral autograft and allograft to manage either recurrent or large osteochondral lesions of the talar dome (OLT) in a single surgeon's practice. METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2014, a total of 40 patients presented with either a recurrent OLT that failed initial arthroscopic treatment (ie, excision, curettage, debridement, and micro-fracture) or a primary OLT greater than 1...
January 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Christian Plaass, Leif Claassen, Kiriakos Daniilidis, Mariesol Fumy, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Andreas Schmiedl, Sarah Ettinger
BACKGROUND: The modified Lapidus procedure is an accepted treatment option for patients with moderate to severe hallux valgus. Placing a plate plantar on the tension side of the arthrodesis has been shown to be biomechanically superior and has provided good clinical results. There is some concern about interference of the plantar placed plates on the tendon insertions. The purpose of this study was to determine a "safe zone" for plantar plate placement without irritation of the tendons...
April 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Matthew S Stewart, Clayton C Bettin, Matthew T Ramsey, Susan N Ishikawa, G Andrew Murphy, David R Richardson, Elizabeth A Tolley
BACKGROUND: Forefoot surgery typically is elective, so it is important to define risk factors to educate patients on potential complications. The purpose of this study was to determine if obesity is an independent risk factor that contributes to increased complication rates after forefoot surgery. METHODS: Through a retrospective review of records, 633 patients were identified who had forefoot surgery at one institution between 2008 and 2010. All patients who currently smoked or smoked in the past were excluded to eliminate a confounding factor, as smoking is known to increase complication rates, leaving 427 patients for inclusion, 299 nonobese (BMI less than 30) and 128 obese (BMI more than 30)...
May 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Michael Bottlang, Christine E Schemitsch, Aaron Nauth, Milton Routt, Kenneth A Egol, Gillian E Cook, Emil H Schemitsch
Application of the correct fixation construct is critical for fracture healing and long-term stability; however, it is a complex issue with numerous significant factors. This review describes a number of common fracture types and evaluates their currently available fracture fixation constructs. In the setting of complex elbow instability, stable fixation or radial head replacement with an appropriately sized implant in conjunction with ligamentous repair is required to restore stability. For unstable sacral fractures with vertical or multiplanar instabilities, "standard" iliosacral screw fixation is not sufficient...
December 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Jeffrey D Seybold, J Chris Coetzee
Injuries to the foot are common in the athletic population, accounting for approximately 16% of sporting injuries. The bony and ligamentous structures around the first and second tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints, or Lisfranc joint complex, are the most commonly involved in injuries to the midfoot because of the limited static and dynamic stability of this region. The appropriate management of Lisfranc or TMT joint injuries in athletes is controversial, with multiple classification schemes and treatment methods and little evidence-based guidelines to deliver appropriate care...
October 2015: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Shahin Sheibani-Rad, J Christiaan Coetzee, M Russell Giveans, Christopher DiGiovanni
The Lisfranc joints make up the bony structural support of the transverse arch in the midfoot and account for approximately 0.2% of all fractures. Early recognition and treatment of this injury are paramount to preserving normal foot biomechanics and function. Controversy exists regarding the optimal treatment of patients with Lisfranc injuries, particularly when the instability is entirely ligamentous.The authors performed a qualitative, systematic review of the literature to compare the 2 most common procedures for Lisfranc fractures: primary arthrodesis and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF)...
June 2012: Orthopedics
M J Welck, R Zinchenko, B Rudge
Lisfranc injuries are commonly asked about in FRCS Orthopaedic trauma vivas. The term "Lisfranc injury" strictly refers to an injury where one or more of the metatarsals are displaced from the tarsus. The term is more commonly used to describe an injury to the midfoot centred on the 2nd tarsometatarsal joint. The injury is named after Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin (1790-1847), a French surgeon and gynaecologist who first described the injury in 1815. 'Lisfranc injury' encompasses a broad spectrum of injuries, which can be purely ligamentous or involve the osseous and articular structures...
April 2015: Injury
George Ochenjele, Bryant Ho, Paul J Switaj, Daniel Fuchs, Nitin Goyal, Anish R Kadakia
BACKGROUND: Jones fractures occur in the relatively avascular metadiaphyseal junction of the fifth metatarsal (MT), which predisposes these fractures to delayed union and nonunion. Operative treatment with intramedullary (IM) screw fixation is recommended in certain cases. Incorrect screw selection can lead to refractures, nonunion, and cortical blowout fractures. A better understanding of the anatomy of the fifth MT could aid in preoperative planning, guide screw size selection, and minimize complications...
March 2015: Foot & Ankle International
Michael S Conte
Surgical revascularization of the lower extremity using bypass grafts to distal target arteries is an established, effective therapy for advanced ischemia. Recent multicenter data confirm the primacy of autogenous vein bypass grafting, yet there remains significant heterogeneity in the utilization, techniques, and outcomes associated with these procedures in current practice. Experienced clinical judgment, creativity, technical precision, and fastidious postoperative care are required to optimize long-term results...
September 2010: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Carroll P Jones, Jeffrey Loveland, Brent L Atkinson, James T Ryaby, Raymond J Linovitz, James A Nunley
BACKGROUND: Cellular bone allograft (CBA) possesses osteogenic, osteoinductive, and osteoconductive elements essential for bone healing. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of CBA in foot and/or ankle arthrodeses. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, open-label clinical trial using CBA was performed. At 6 weeks and at 3, 6, and 12 months, imaging was performed and the subject's pain, function, and quality of life (QOL) status (Visual Analog Scale, American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society Hindfoot Scale, and the Short Form 36) were recorded...
October 2015: Foot & Ankle International
Adam E Fleischer, Bradley P Abicht, Jeffrey R Baker, Troy J Boffeli, Daniel C Jupiter, Valerie L Schade
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for physicians regarding the risk, prevention, and diagnosis of venous thromboembolism disease after foot and ankle surgery and while caring for lower extremity injuries that require ankle immobilization. A panel composed of all authors of this document reviewed the published evidence and, through a series of meetings, reached consensus regarding the viewpoints contained herein. We conclude that routine chemical prophylaxis is not warranted; rather, patients should be stratified and have a prevention plan tailored to their individual risk level...
May 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Mohamed Ebrahim Ali Al-Ashhab
BACKGROUND: Calcaneal fractures in children are rare injuries, and those with displaced intra-articular fracture patterns are found even less frequently. Recent data in the adult literature have suggested operative treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures leads to a more favorable outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the outcomes of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in children treated by open reduction and internal fixation...
June 2015: Foot
R L Waters, J Perry, D Antonelli, H Hislop
A comparison of selected gait parameters and the energy cost of prosthetic walking was made in seventy patients with unilateral traumatic and vascular amputations. Amputations above the knee, below the knee, and at the Syme's level were compared in both groups of amputees, and a control group of forty normal subjects also studied. In both groups of amputees performance was significantly better the lower the level of the amputation. When preservation of function is the chief concern, amputation should be performed at the lowest possible level...
January 1976: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Natalie Squires, Mark S Myerson, Cesar Gamba
The focus of this article is the diagnosis and treatment of peroneal tendon tears. The article first describes mechanisms of injuries resulting in peroneal brevis and longus tears. Associated pathologies, such as ankle instability, hindfoot varus, hypertrophied peroneal tubercle, are discussed. Following sections on diagnosis and conservative treatment, the article describes operative treatment for isolated peroneus brevis tear, isolated peroneus longus tear, and tears of both the peroneus longus and brevis...
December 2007: Foot and Ankle Clinics
Balachundhar Subramaniam, Frank Pomposelli, Daniel Talmor, Kyung W Park
We performed a retrospective review of a vascular surgery quality assurance database to evaluate the perioperative and long-term morbidity and mortality of above-knee amputations (AKA, n = 234) and below-knee amputations (BKA, n = 720) and to examine the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) (181 of AKA and 606 of BKA patients). All patients in the database who had AKA or BKA from 1990 to May 2001 were included in the study. Perioperative 30-day cardiac morbidity and mortality and 3-yr and 10-yr mortality after AKA or BKA were assessed...
May 2005: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Brad Petrisor, Kyle Jeray, Emil Schemitsch, Beate Hanson, Sheila Sprague, David Sanders, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Although surgeons acknowledge the importance of irrigating open fracture wounds, the choice of irrigating fluid and delivery pressure remains controversial. Our objective was to clarify current opinion with regard to the irrigation of open fracture wounds. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional survey and a sample-to-redundancy strategy to examine surgeons' preferences in the initial management of open fracture wounds. We mailed this survey to members of the Canadian Orthopaedic Association and delivered it to attendees of an international fracture course (AO, Davos, Switzerland)...
January 23, 2008: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Keith L Wapner, John S Taras, Sheldon S Lin, Wen Chao
BACKGROUND: Long-term followup (over 5 years) of staged reconstruction for chronic ruptures of both peroneal tendons using a Hunter rod and the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon is presented. METHODS: Seven patients with chronic ruptures of both peroneal tendons who had at least two previous surgeries that failed were treated with excision of the remaining portion of the peroneal tendons and implantation of a Hunter rod to the insertion of the peroneus brevis...
August 2006: Foot & Ankle International
David Redfern, Mark Myerson
BACKGROUND: Concomitant chronic tears of both peroneal tendons rarely are reported. We present our experience in treating these injuries and suggest an algorithm for surgical treatment, determined by the presence of a functioning tendon or tendons, mobility of the remaining peroneal musculature, ankle stability, and position of the heel. METHODS: Twenty-eight consecutive patients (29 feet) were followed postoperatively for a mean of 4.6 (range 1.5 to 8) years. The mean age was 36 (range 19 to 54) years, and all patients had chronic ankle pain with or without instability and with combinations of complete, partial, or longitudinal tears of both tendons...
October 2004: Foot & Ankle International
2015-02-18 02:01:47
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