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Vitamin D and skin

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54 papers 100 to 500 followers Studies into the effects of vitamin in the skin, including links to cancer.
By Clare Dix Dietitian, PhD candidate, researching vitamin D and obesity
Fiona O'Sullivan, Eamon Laird, Dervla Kelly, Jos van Geffen, Michiel van Weele, Helene McNulty, Leane Hoey, Martin Healy, Kevin McCarroll, Conal Cunningham, Miriam Casey, Mary Ward, J J Strain, Anne M Molloy, Lina Zgaga
Background: UVB-induced skin synthesis is considered the key source of vitamin D, yet exposure to UVB is poorly accounted for in epidemiological studies. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration with accurately measured ambient UVB dose, sun enjoyment, supplements, and other factors. Methods: An all-Irish cohort of community-dwelling participants aged >60 y [median age: 73; 67% female; median 25(OH)D: 54.5 nmol/L] was used. Participants from this large, cross-sectional study completed a questionnaire to provide information on demographic factors and lifestyle (including supplement use and sun enjoyment)...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition
M Abboud, M S Rybchyn, R Rizk, D R Fraser, R S Mason
Studies on the determinants of vitamin D status have tended to concentrate on input - exposure to ultraviolet B radiation and the limited sources in food. Yet, vitamin D status, determined by circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), can vary quite markedly in groups of people with apparently similar inputs of vitamin D. There are small effects of polymorphisms in the genes for key proteins involved in vitamin D production and metabolism, including 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase, which converts 7-dehydrocholesterol, the precursor of vitamin D, to cholesterol, CYP2R1, the main 25-hydroxylase of vitamin D, GC, coding for the vitamin D binding protein which transports 25(OH)D and other metabolites in blood and CYP24A1, which 24-hydroxylates both 25(OH)D and the hormone, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D...
March 16, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Daniel D Bikle, Yan Jiang, Thai Nguyen, Yuko Oda, Chia-Ling Tu
1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), the active metabolite of vitamin D, and calcium regulate epidermal differentiation. 1,25(OH)2D exerts its effects through the vitamin D receptor (VDR), a transcription factor in the nuclear hormone receptor family, whereas calcium acts through the calcium sensing receptor (Casr), a membrane bound member of the G protein coupled receptor family. We have developed mouse models in which the Vdr and Casr have been deleted in the epidermis ((epid) Vdr (-∕-) and (epid) Casr (-∕-))...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
M Sazzad Hussain, Liam Cripwell, Shlomo Berkovsky, Jill Freyne
Current methods to promote awareness of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation have focussed on delivering population level information and some location-based reporting of UV Index (UVI). However, diseases related to excessive (e.g. sunburn, skin cancer) or insufficient (e.g. vitamin D deficiency) exposure to sunlight still remain a global burden. The emergence of wearable sensors and the application of persuasive technology in health domains raise the possibility for technology to influence awareness of sufficient sun intake for vitamin D production, as well as preventing risk of skin damage...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Jörg Reichrath, Christos C Zouboulis, Thomas Vogt, Michael F Holick
Vitamin D represents one of the major driving factors for the development of life on earth and for human evolution. While up to 10-20 % of the human organism's requirements in vitamin D can be obtained by the diet (under most living conditions in the USA and Europe), approximately 90 % of all needed vitamin D has to be photosynthesized in the skin through the action of the sun (ultraviolet-B (UV-B)). The skin represents a key organ of the human body's vitamin D endocrine system (VDES), being both the site of vitamin D synthesis and a target tissue for biologically active vitamin D metabolites...
September 2016: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Maria Gudrun Biersack, Malgorzata Hajdukiewicz, Ralf Uebelhack, Leonora Franke, Helmut Piazena, Pascal Klaus, Vera Höhne-Zimmer, Tanja Braun, Frank Buttgereit, Gerd-Rüdiger Burmester, Jacqueline Detert
OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency is a health problem prevalent not only in the elderly but also in young adults. The primary objective of our observational pilot study "MUVY" (Mood, UVR, Vitamin D in Young women) was to test both the short-term and long-term effects of a series of three suberythemal UV radiation (UVR) exposures on the VitD status and well-being of young healthy women during winter in a repeat measure design. METHODS: 20 healthy young women (Fitzpatrick skin types I-III, aged 21-25 years) received three full body broad band UVR exposures with an escalating erythemally weighted dose schedule during one week in winter, and completed self-report questionnaires monitoring symptoms of depression (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI) and affective state/well-being (Profile of Mood States, POMS) at baseline and three days after the last UVR exposure...
2016: PloS One
Clarissa B Hohmann, Renan R Bonamigo, Majoriê M Segatto, Manuela M Costa, Simona Mastroeni, Cristina Fortes
The incidence of cutaneous melanoma (CM) has increased in the last decade. Some risk factors are well known, but there are other possible risk factors being studied, such as those involving nutrition. The objective of this case-control study was to assess the association between diet and CM. Classical risk factors, dietary intake, and body mass index were assessed. Binary logistic regression was used to study the association between dietary intake and the risk for CM. Classical risk factors associated with CM were confirmed...
June 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
S J Felton, M S Cooke, R Kift, J L Berry, A R Webb, P M W Lam, F R de Gruijl, A Vail, L E Rhodes
BACKGROUND: The concurrent impact of repeated low-level summer sunlight exposures on vitamin D production and cutaneous DNA damage, potentially leading to mutagenesis and skin cancer, is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This is an experimental study (i) to determine the dual impact of repeated low-level sunlight exposures on vitamin D status and DNA damage/repair (via both skin and urinary biomarkers) in light-skinned adults; and (ii) to compare outcomes following the same exposures in brown-skinned adults...
December 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Pavandeep Gill, Sunil Kalia
BACKGROUND: Endogenous vitamin D synthesis can be affected by a number of variables, including skin colour, amount of skin exposed and levels of ultraviolet radiation. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of using only sunlight exposure in Canada to meet the daily recommended level of vitamin D, given differences in these variables and adherence to guidelines for sun protection. METHODS: Ultraviolet index data for 13 Canadian sites were obtained from Environment Canada...
July 2015: CMAJ Open
Vivek G Patwardhan, Anuradha V Khadilkar, Shashi A Chiplonkar, Zulf M Mughal, Vaman V Khadilkar
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol and cholecalciferol are synthesized from a common substrate 7-dehydrocholesterol. 7-dehydrocholesterol is converted to cholesterol by 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase enzyme (DHCR7) and to cholecalciferol by ultraviolet B radiation from sunlight. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of sunlight exposure and serum DHCR7 levels on cholecalciferol and cholesterol levels and studying any interrelationship. METHODS: In a cross-sectional observational study, 307 apparently healthy men (aged 40-60 years) were assessed for sunlight exposure, lipid levels, serum DHCR7, 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), body composition, and dietary milk calcium intake...
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
S J von Rosenberg, G M Weber, A Erhardt, U Höller, U A Wehr, W A Rambeck
Forty-eight, cross-bred (GL × LW × P) piglets were used in a 42-day tolerance trial to assess the effects of feeding diets supplemented with vitamin D or increasing levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH-D3 ). Six-week-old piglets (24 castrate males, 24 females) were used. Two replicate groups of 6 piglets were randomized by weight and allocated to four dietary treatments. The control group (T1) was supplemented with 50 μg vitamin D3 /kg feed. The experimental groups received 25-OH-D3 at the recommended dose (T2: 50 μg/kg = 1x), at 250 μg/kg (T3: 5x) or at 500 μg/kg (T4: 10x) respectively...
April 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Jana Hallau, Lutz Hamann, Ralf R Schumann, Margitta Worm, Guido Heine
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease in which genetic and environmental factors result in impaired epidermal barrier functioning and an altered immune response. Vitamin D influences these 2 pathomechanisms, and beneficial results have been suggested in AD. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential roles of the 2 essential vitamin D metabolizing enzymes. The frequencies of 6 common polymorphisms in the genes encoding the vitamin D synthesizing enzyme Cyp27b1 or the inactivating enzyme Cyp24a1 were assessed in 281 patients with AD and 278 healthy donors in a case-control setting...
February 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Yingben Xue, Lee Ying, Ronald L Horst, Gordon Watson, David Goltzman
Cutaneous exposure to UVB irradiation is an important source of vitamin D. Here, we examined sex-specific differences in cutaneous vitamin D production in mice. Both male and female mice on a vitamin D-deficient diet manifested vitamin D deficiency, with mineral abnormalities, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and osteomalacia. UVB irradiation significantly increased vitamin D levels in the skin of female mice and normalized serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 levels, as well as mineral and skeletal abnormalities...
December 2015: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Florence Libon, Laurence Seidel, Etienne Cavalier, Arjen F Nikkels
BACKGROUND: Whether vitamin D supplementation alleviates the severity of ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced erythema and/or facilitates its resolution remains undetermined. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of oral vitamin D on UVB-induced erythema and its resolution in fair-skinned subjects. METHODS: UVB-induced erythema was quantified using a Chroma Meter® in 50 volunteers 48 h before and 10 days after the random administration of 200,000 IU vitamin D (n = 40) or placebo (n = 10)...
2015: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Amra Osmancevic, Martin Gillstedt, Kerstin Landin-Wilhelmsen, Ann-Marie Wennberg Larkö, Olle Larkö, Michael F Holick, Anne-Lene Krogstad
BACKGROUND: Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3), produced in the skin by UVB irradiation (290-315nm) of 7-dehydrocholesterol, is metabolized in the liver into 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] which is a major circulating metabolite. AIM: To examine changes in serum concentrations of cholecalciferol and its metabolites after UVB exposure of different skin areas. METHODS: 21 healthy Caucasians (skin type II and III, aged 23-47years) were exposed to broadband UVB (290-320nm) and randomized to either exposure to one minimal erythema dose given as a single dose, or a suberythemic dose given for 3 subsequent days...
August 2015: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
N T Hill, J Zhang, M K Leonard, M Lee, H N Shamma, M Kadakia
1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD3), a secosteriod that has been explored as an anti-cancer agent, was also shown to promote cell survival. Its receptor, the Vitamin D Receptor (VDR), is a direct target of the proto-oncogene ΔNp63α, which is overexpressed in non-melanoma skin cancers. The interconnection between VDR/VD3 signaling and ΔNp63α, led us to examine whether VDR/VD3 signaling promotes keratinocyte proliferation by regulating ΔNp63α levels. Our data demonstrate that VDR regulates ΔNp63α expression at both the transcript and protein level...
June 11, 2015: Cell Death & Disease
Fiona Wright, Richard B Weller
Incident ultraviolet radiation from sunlight varies in intensity and spectrum with season and latitude and has both deleterious and beneficial effects on health in older people. Sunlight is the major preventable risk factor for skin cancer. Non-melanoma skin cancer is the commonest malignancy in a pale skinned older population, but the mortality is extremely low. Intermittent sun exposure is a risk factor for the more dangerous melanoma but chronic sun exposure and outdoor occupation may be protective. Public health advice has tended to concentrate on the dangers of sun exposure despite the absence of any data that increased sun exposure correlates with raised all-cause mortality...
August 2015: Maturitas
I Fountoulakis, A F Bais
Simulations of the monthly mean noon UV index and the effective dose for the production of vitamin D in the human skin have been performed for local noon for the latitude band 55°N-85°N using a radiative transfer model. The magnitude and spatial distribution of the changes estimated for the two quantities between the past (1955-1965 mean), the present (2010-2020 mean) and the future (2085-2095 mean) are discussed and the main drivers for these changes are identified. The irradiance simulations are based on simulations and projections of total ozone, surface reflectivity and aerosol optical depth derived from models used in the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP-5)...
July 2015: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Marco Consiglio, Marta Viano, Stefania Casarin, Carlotta Castagnoli, Gianpiero Pescarmona, Francesca Silvagno
Even in cells that are resistant to the differentiating effects of vitamin D, the activated vitamin D receptor (VDR) can downregulate the mitochondrial respiratory chain and sustain cell growth through enhancing the activity of biosynthetic pathways. The aim of this study was to investigate whether vitamin D is effective also in modulating mitochondria and biosynthetic metabolism of differentiating cells. We compared the effect of vitamin D on two cellular models: the primary human keratinocytes, differentiating and sensitive to the genomic action of VDR, and the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT, characterized by a rapid growth and resistance to vitamin D...
October 2015: Experimental Dermatology
Yan Liu, LiWen Hu, Fang Wang, YanYan Gao, Yang Zheng, Yu Wang, Yang Liu
To investigate the angular distributions of UVA, UVB, and effective UV for erythema and vitamin D (vitD) synthesis, the UV spectral irradiances were measured at ten inclined angles (from 0° to 90°) and seven azimuths (from 0° to 180°) at solar elevation angle (SEA) that ranged from 18.8° to 80° in Shanghai (31.22° N, 121.55° E) under clear sky and the albedo of ground was 0.1. The results demonstrated that in the mean azimuths and with the back to the sun, the UVA, UVB, and erythemally and vitD-weighted irradiances increased with the inclined angles and an increase in SEA...
January 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
2015-05-25 04:56:52
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