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By Ricardo Sordo Residente de cirugía
Hazem Ben Ameur, Salah Boujelbene, Mohamed Issam Beyrouti
BACKGROUND: Ogilvie's syndrome is acute colonic dilatation without organic obstacle in a previously healthy colon. Surgery is the only treatment of cases complicated by necrosis or perforation. In contrast, treatment of uncomplicated forms is not unanimous, and is the subject of this literature review. AIMS: Determine the results of different therapeutic methods of uncomplicated forms of Ogilvie's syndrome in terms of efficiency of removal of colonic distension, recurrence, morbidity and mortality...
October 2013: La Tunisie Médicale
Arpana Jain, H David Vargas
Although acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), also known as Ogilvie syndrome, is a well-known clinical entity, in many respects it remains poorly understood and continues to challenge physicians and surgeons alike. Our understanding of ACPO continues to evolve and its epidemiology has changed as new conditions have been identified predisposing to ACPO with critical illness providing the common thread among them. A physician must keep ACPO high in the list of differential diagnoses when dealing with the patient experiencing abdominal distention, and one must be prepared to employ and interpret imaging studies to exclude mechanical obstruction...
March 2012: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
M D Saunders, M B Kimmey
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is the clinical syndrome of acute large bowel dilatation without mechanical obstruction that is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction occurs in hospitalized or institutionalized patients with serious underlying medical and surgical conditions. The pathogenesis of acute colonic pseudo-obstruction is not completely understood but likely results from an imbalance in the autonomic regulation of colonic motor function. Metabolic or pharmacological factors, as well as spinal or retroperitoneal trauma, may alter the autonomic regulation of colonic function, leading to excessive parasympathetic suppression or sympathetic stimulation...
November 15, 2005: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Mitchell S Cappell
Although uncommon, medication-induced colonotoxicity is important to recognize because medication cessation generally leads to prompt clinical improvement, while medication continuation results in disease exacerbation. This review categorizes the association between medications and colonotoxicity as "well-established" or "probable," according to the following criteria: total number of reported cases, number of different research groups reporting an association, experimental and pharmacologic evidence of an association, and validity of an association in each reported case...
June 2004: American Journal of Gastroenterology
S Delgado-Aros, M Camilleri
Intestinal pseudoobstruction is a clinical syndrome characterized by impairment of intestinal propulsion, which may resemble intestinal obstruction, in the absence of a mechanical cause. It usually affects the colon but the small intestine may also be involved, and may present in acute, subacute or chronic forms. We have performed a systematic review of the acute form of pseudoobstruction, also referred to as Ogilvie's syndrome. We discuss proposed pathophysiological mechanisms, manifestations and management of this clinical condition in post-surgery and critically ill patients...
December 2003: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
R De Giorgio, G Barbara, V Stanghellini, M Tonini, V Vasina, B Cola, R Corinaldesi, G Biagi, F De Ponti
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) can be defined as a clinical condition with symptoms, signs and radiological appearance of acute large bowel obstruction unrelated to any mechanical cause. Recent reports of the efficacy of cholinesterase inhibitors in relieving acute colonic pseudo-obstruction have fuelled interest in the pharmacological treatment of this condition. The aim of the present review is to outline current perspectives in the pharmacological treatment of patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction...
November 2001: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
M S Cappell, T Simon
Although medication-induced colonotoxicity is uncommon, it is important that it be recognized, because the initial therapy for this condition is medication discontinuation. This review categorizes the association between the listed medications and colonotoxicity as "well-established" or "probable," according to the following criteria: number of clinical studies by independent clinical investigators, total number of reported cases, plausibility of an association based on experimental and pharmacologic studies, and validity of an association in each reported case...
October 1993: American Journal of Gastroenterology
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