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Soft tissue

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M Isabel Gutiérrez Pérez, M Eulalia Lucio-Villegas Menéndez, Laura López González, Natalia Aresté Lluch, M Luisa Morató Agustí, Santiago Pérez Cachafeiro
Wounds can be classified according to their mechanism of action into surgical or traumatic (which may be incision wounds, such as those provoked by a sharp object; contusions, caused by a blunt force; puncture wounds, caused by long, sharp objects; lacerations, caused by tears to the tissue; or bites, which have a high risk of infection and consequently should not be sutured). Wounds can also be classified by their healing process into acute or chronic (pressure ulcers, vascular ulcers, neuropathic ulcers, acute wounds with torpid clinical course)...
May 2014: Atencion Primaria
J Stephen-Haynes, R Callaghan, A Wibaux, P Johnson, N Carty
OBJECTIVE: This article assesses the use of BeneHold Thin Absorbent Skin Adhesive (TASA) wound dressings in a large UK primary care organisation. These wound dressings are thin (0.12 mm), breathable, transparent, and are able to absorb and retain wound exudate. This non-comparative evaluation was undertaken to explore the clinical advantages this differentiated combination of physical properties offered. METHOD: The dressings are CE-marked medical devices, and were used on patients with acute and chronic wounds that were assessed and classified as light to moderately exuding...
November 2014: Journal of Wound Care
Michael B Dreifke, Amil A Jayasuriya, Ambalangodage C Jayasuriya
In this review, we describe current and future potential wound healing treatments for acute and chronic wounds. The current wound healing approaches are based on autografts, allografts, and cultured epithelial autografts, and wound dressings based on biocompatible and biodegradable polymers. The Food and Drug Administration approved wound healing dressings based on several polymers including collagen, silicon, chitosan, and hyaluronic acid. The new potential therapeutic intervention for wound healing includes sustained delivery of growth factors, and siRNA delivery, targeting microRNA, and stem cell therapy...
March 2015: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Dirk T Ubbink, Fleur E Brölmann, Peter M N Y H Go, Hester Vermeulen
Significance: Large variation and many controversies exist regarding the treatment of, and care for, acute wounds, especially regarding wound cleansing, pain relief, dressing choice, patient instructions, and organizational aspects. Recent Advances: A multidisciplinary team developed evidence-based guidelines for the Netherlands using the AGREE-II and GRADE instruments. A working group, consisting of 17 representatives from all professional societies involved in wound care, tackled five controversial issues in acute-wound care, as provided by any caregiver throughout the whole chain of care...
May 1, 2015: Advances in Wound Care
Kathryn Q Bernabe, Thomas J Desmarais, Martin S Keller
Significance: The costs and morbidity of pediatric traumatic wounds are not well known. The literature lacks a comprehensive review of the volume, management, and outcomes of children sustaining soft tissue injury. We briefly review the existing literature for traumatic wounds such as open fractures and burns. Such injuries require dedicated wound care and we propose a novel approach for more efficient and more effective delivery of dedicated pediatric wound care. Recent Advances: New pediatric literature is emerging regarding the long-term effects of wound care pain in traumatic injuries-especially burns...
April 1, 2014: Advances in Wound Care
Nera Fumić, Marin Marinović, Dolores Brajan
Debridement is an essential act in the treatment of various wounds, which removes devitalized and colonized necrotic tissue, also poorly healing tissue and all foreign bodies from the wound, in order to enhance the formation of healthy granulation tissue and accelerate the process of wound healing. Nowadays, debridement is the basic procedure in the management of acute and chronic wounds, where the question remains which way to do it, how extensively, how often and who should perform it. Many parameters affect the decision on what method to use on debridement...
October 2014: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Mayo Clinic Health Letter
Luc J C van Loon
Dietary protein ingestion following exercise increases muscle protein synthesis rates, stimulates net muscle protein accretion, and facilitates the skeletal muscle adaptive response to prolonged exercise training. Furthermore, recent studies show that protein ingestion before and during exercise also increases muscle protein synthesis rates during resistance- and endurance-type exercise. Therefore, protein ingestion before and during prolonged exercise may represent an effective dietary strategy to enhance the skeletal muscle adaptive response to each exercise session by extending the window of opportunity during which the muscle protein synthetic response is facilitated...
May 2014: Sports Medicine
Johnny Padulo, Guillaume Laffaye, Karim Chamari, Alberto Concu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2013: Sports Health
Sara J Gould, Dennis A Cardone, John Munyak, Philipp J Underwood, Stephen A Gould
CONTEXT: Sidelines coverage presents unique challenges in the evaluation of injured athletes. Health care providers may be confronted with the question of when to obtain radiographs following an injury. Given that most sidelines coverage occurs outside the elite level, radiographs are not readily available at the time of injury, and the decision of when to send a player for radiographs must be made based on physical examination. Clinical tools have been developed to aid in identifying injuries that are likely to result in radiographically important fractures or dislocations...
May 2014: Sports Health
Declan A J Connolly, Stephen P Sayers, Malachy P McHugh
Eccentric exercise continues to receive attention as a productive means of exercise. Coupled with this has been the heightened study of the damage that occurs in early stages of exposure to eccentric exercise. This is commonly referred to as delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). To date, a sound and consistent treatment for DOMS has not been established. Although multiple practices exist for the treatment of DOMS, few have scientific support. Suggested treatments for DOMS are numerous and include pharmaceuticals, herbal remedies, stretching, massage, nutritional supplements, and many more...
February 2003: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jerrold Petrofsky, Lee Berk, Gurinder Bains, Iman Akef Khowailed, Timothy Hui, Michael Granado, Mike Laymon, Haneul Lee
BACKGROUND: Heat is commonly used in physical therapy following exercise induced delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Most heat modalities used in a clinical setting for DOMS are only applied for 5 to 20 minutes. This minimal heat exposure causes little, if any, change in deep tissue temperature. For this reason, long duration dry chemical heat packs are used at home to slowly and safely warm tissue and reduce potential heat damage while reducing pain associated from DOMS. Clinically, it has been shown that moist heat penetrates deep tissue faster than dry heat...
December 2013: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Karoline Cheung, Patria Hume, Linda Maxwell
Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a familiar experience for the elite or novice athlete. Symptoms can range from muscle tenderness to severe debilitating pain. The mechanisms, treatment strategies, and impact on athletic performance remain uncertain, despite the high incidence of DOMS. DOMS is most prevalent at the beginning of the sporting season when athletes are returning to training following a period of reduced activity. DOMS is also common when athletes are first introduced to certain types of activities regardless of the time of year...
2003: Sports Medicine
Lars L Andersen, Kenneth Jay, Christoffer H Andersen, Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Robert Topp, David G Behm
Massage is commonly believed to be the best modality for relieving muscle soreness. However, actively warming up the muscles with exercise may be an effective alternative. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effect of massage with active exercise for relieving muscle soreness. Twenty healthy female volunteers (mean age 32 years) participated in this examiner-blind randomized controlled trial ( NCT01478451). The participants performed eccentric contractions for the upper trapezius muscle on a Biodex dynamometer...
December 2013: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
L L Smith
It is well documented in animal and human research that unaccustomed eccentric muscle action of sufficient intensity and/or duration causes disruption of connective and/or contractile tissue. In humans, this appears to be associated with the sensation of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). During the late 1970's, it was proposed that this sensation of soreness might be associated with the acute inflammatory response. However, subsequent research failed to substantiate this theory. The present article suggests that the results of much of the research concerning DOMS reflect events typically seen in acute inflammation...
May 1991: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kylie Louise Sellwood, Peter Brukner, David Williams, Alastair Nicol, Rana Hinman
OBJECTIVE: To determine if ice-water immersion after eccentric quadriceps exercise minimises the symptoms of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DESIGN: A prospective randomised double-blind controlled trial was undertaken. 40 untrained volunteers performed an eccentric loading protocol with their non-dominant leg. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomised to three 1-min immersions in either ice water (5+/-1 degrees C) or tepid water (24 degrees C)...
June 2007: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Nicole Nelson
Despite the widespread occurrence of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), there is little consensus as to the exact cause or which treatments may be most effective at alleviating symptoms. Greater understanding of DOMS can give sports medicine and fitness professionals an opportunity to help prevent or speed recovery of this performance limiting condition. This article will review the DOMS literature, including the potential role of psychosocial factors and explore studies which involve massage therapy as a treatment modality...
October 2013: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Caitlin F Hurley, Disa L Hatfield, Deborah A Riebe
The beneficial effects of caffeine on aerobic activity and resistance training performance are well documented. However, less is known concerning caffeine's potential role in reducing perception of pain and soreness during exercise. In addition, there is no information regarding the effects of caffeine on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effect of caffeine ingestion on muscle soreness, blood enzyme activity, and performance after a bout of elbow flexion/extension exercise...
November 2013: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
James J Tufano, Lee E Brown, Jared W Coburn, Kavin K W Tsang, Vanessa L Cazas, Joe W LaPorta
Because of the performance decrements associated with delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), a treatment to alleviate its symptoms is of great interest. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of low vs. moderate-intensity aerobic recovery on DOMS and strength. Twenty-six women (22.11 ± 2.49 years; 60.33 ± 8.37 kg; and 163.83 ± 7.29 cm) were split into 3 different groups and performed a DOMS-inducing protocol of 60 eccentric actions of the knee extensors followed by 1 of three 20-minute recovery interventions: moderate-intensity cycling (n = 10), low-intensity cycling (LIC; n = 10), or seated rest (CON; n = 6) after the eccentric protocol...
October 2012: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Paul B Lewis, Deana Ruby, Charles A Bush-Joseph
Immediate and delayed-onset muscle soreness differ mainly in chronology of presentation. Both conditions share the same quality of pain, eliciting and relieving activities and a varying degree of functional deficits. There is no single mechanism for muscle soreness; instead, it is a culmination of 6 different mechanisms. The developing pathway of DOMS begins with microtrauma to muscles and then surrounding connective tissues. Microtrauma is then followed by an inflammatory process and subsequent shifts of fluid and electrolytes...
April 2012: Clinics in Sports Medicine
2014-10-15 06:06:57
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