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David Shih Wu, Scott M Wright
BACKGROUND: With the expansion of palliative care, the concept of clinical excellence is worthy of study and has not been described well in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To apply the domains of clinical excellence, as proposed and published by the Miller Coulson Academy of Clinical Excellence, to the field of palliative care. DESIGN: Review of the literature to identify episodes of superb palliative care delivered by individuals and teams. MEASUREMENT AND MAIN RESULTS: In reviewing 821 publications, we found multiple palliative care case reports to serve as exemplars for each of the distinct domains of clinical excellence...
August 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Lucia K Gonzales, Margaret A Delmastro, Denise M Boyd, Melvyn L Sterling, Patricia A Aube, Rosemary N Le, Lisa Traucht, Leonida R Quinal, Jane M Georges, Dale N Glaser
In palliative medicine, constipation is the third most common symptom after pain and anorexia, causing some patients to discontinue opioid therapy. Women experience higher incidence of constipation than men. The prevalence of infrequent bowel movements (<3 times/wk) and adherence to an established bowel regimen among women receiving opioids were studied. Referral to the palliative care team decreased the prevalence of infrequent bowel movements from 72% to 45%, and algorithm adherence increased from 38% to 78%...
August 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Jared Chiarchiaro, Robert M Arnold, Douglas B White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Andrew R Bruggeman, Sean F Heavey, Joseph D Ma, Carolyn Revta, Eric J Roeland
BACKGROUND: Prognostication plays a key role in palliative care (PC). It is critical for advance care planning, determining hospice eligibility, and communication. In contrast to subjective clinical prognostication, evidence-based prognostication (EBP) uses existing validated data to quantify prognosis; however, the extent to which PC providers use EBP is limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze documentation of EBP by PC providers in the absence of an inpatient consultation note template at a single academic medical center...
April 2015: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Lauren Gurschick, Deborah K Mayer, Laura C Hanson
PURPOSE: To describe the suggested clinical practice of palliative sedation as it is presented in the literature and discuss available guidelines for its use. METHODS: CINAHL, PubMed, and Web of Science were searched for publications since 1997 for recommended guidelines and position statements on palliative sedation as well as data on its provision. Keywords included palliative sedation, terminal sedation, guidelines, United States, and end of life. Inclusion criteria were palliative sedation policies, frameworks, guidelines, or discussion of its practice, general or oncology patient population, performance of the intervention in an inpatient unit, for humans, and in English...
September 2015: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Anthony L Back, Robert M Arnold
The communication skills of noticing emotional cues and responding empathically are necessary but insufficient for some conversations about redefining goals of care. For some patients, an empathic response by a clinician is insufficient to move the conversation forward. We describe an expert approach that links empathy to action. In this approach, we outline (1) how affect provides a spotlight that illuminates what is important, (2) how empathy affords a way to connect with patients and families that engages deep values, (3) how clinicians can infer deep values through an associative process with patients, and (4) how clinicians can then design actions with patients and families and nurture their commitment to the actions...
February 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Kyle P Edmonds, Toluwalase A Ajayi, Julia Cain, Heidi N Yeung, Kathryn Thornberry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Peter G Lawlor, Shirley H Bush
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our review focuses on recent developments across many settings regarding the diagnosis, screening and management of delirium, so as to inform these aspects in the context of palliative and supportive care. RECENT FINDINGS: Delirium diagnostic criteria have been updated in the long-awaited Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition. Studies suggest that poor recognition of delirium relates to its clinical characteristics, inadequate interprofessional communication and lack of systematic screening...
September 2014: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
Nobuhisa Nakajima, Noriaki Satake, Toshimichi Nakaho
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To update medical professionals on the role of artificial hydration in terminally ill cancer patients and to highlight recent research. RECENT FINDINGS: First, we explain dehydration-related symptoms such as sensation of thirst, fatigue, and delirium. A multicenter, double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomized trial showed that artificial hydration did not improve dehydration symptoms, quality of life, or survival in terminally ill cancer patients...
December 2014: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
Mary Butler, Edward Ratner, Ellen McCreedy, Nathan Shippee, Robert L Kane
Advance care planning honors patients' goals and preferences for future care by creating a plan for when illness or injury impedes the ability to think or communicate about health decisions. Fewer than 50% of severely or terminally ill patients have an advance directive in their medical record, and physicians are accurate only about 65% of the time when predicting patient preferences for intensive care. Decision aids can support the advance care planning process by providing a structured approach to informing patients about care options and prompting them to document and communicate their preferences...
September 16, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Emily K Chen, Catherine Riffin, M Cary Reid, Ronald Adelman, Marcus Warmington, Sonal S Mehta, Karl Pillemer
BACKGROUND: Substantial agreement has been achieved on research priorities in palliative care over the past 15 years, as evidenced by consensus conferences and systematic reviews. Despite the presence of a widely endorsed research agenda, however, addressing the gaps in scientific knowledge has progressed slowly, suggesting that researchers face significant obstacles to conducting high-quality research on the most pressing topics in the field. OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify barriers to improved and expanded palliative care research as reported by researchers...
July 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Raymond J Chan, Jane Phillips, David Currow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2014: Palliative Medicine
Kirsty Boyd, Scott A Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Matthew Zibelman, Qun Xiang, Sandra Muchka, Sarah Nickoloff, Sean Marks
BACKGROUND: Prognostication is an important element of palliative care consultations. Research has shown that estimated survivals offered by clinicians are often inaccurate; however, few of these studies have focused on the documentation and prognostic accuracy of palliative care providers. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine whether palliative care clinicians document specific estimates of survival in the electronic medical record and whether these survival estimates are accurate...
May 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Oludamilola Olajide, Laura Hanson, Barbara M Usher, Bahjat F Qaqish, Robert Schwartz, Stephen Bernard
BACKGROUND: Physicians are often asked to prognosticate patient survival. However, prediction of survival is difficult, particularly with critically ill and dying patients within the hospitals. The Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) was designed to assess functional status and measure progressive decline in palliative care patients, yet it has not been validated within hospital health care settings. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the application of the PPS for its predictive ability related to length of survival...
February 2007: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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