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Substance Use Disorders

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237 papers 1000+ followers Substance Related and Addictive Disorders
By Edwin Kim Addiction Psychiatrist
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704281/smoking-cannabis-and-acquired-impairments-in-cognition-starting-early-seems-like-a-really-bad-idea
#1
Philip D Harvey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30601750/understanding-links-among-opioid-use-overdose-and-suicide
#2
REVIEW
Amy S B Bohnert, Mark A Ilgen
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 380, Issue 1, Page 71-79, January 2019.
January 3, 2019: New England Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30501414/prazosin-for-the-treatment-of-alcohol-use-disorders
#3
Rajita Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30606047/neurofunctional-domains-derived-from-deep-behavioral-phenotyping-in-alcohol-use-disorder
#4
Laura E Kwako, Melanie L Schwandt, Vijay A Ramchandani, Nancy Diazgranados, George F Koob, Nora D Volkow, Carlos Blanco, David Goldman
OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated whether three neurofunctional domains proposed to be critical in the addiction cycle, namely, incentive salience, negative emotionality, and executive function, could be identified through factor analysis of a deeply phenotyped clinical sample. METHODS: Clinical, behavioral, and self-report measures of addiction, personality, cognition, behavior, and exposure to early-life stress were collected as part of a screening and natural history study of alcohol use disorders in 454 individuals representing the spectrum of alcohol use and use disorders...
January 4, 2019: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30167705/diagnosis-and-pharmacotherapy-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Henry R Kranzler, Michael Soyka
Importance: Alcohol consumption is associated with 88 000 US deaths annually. Although routine screening for heavy alcohol use can identify patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and has been recommended, only 1 in 6 US adults report ever having been asked by a health professional about their drinking behavior. Alcohol use disorder, a problematic pattern of alcohol use accompanied by clinically significant impairment or distress, is present in up to 14% of US adults during a 1-year period, although only about 8% of affected individuals are treated in an alcohol treatment facility...
August 28, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30146330/alcohol-use-and-burden-for-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#6
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is a leading risk factor for death and disability, but its overall association with health remains complex given the possible protective effects of moderate alcohol consumption on some conditions. With our comprehensive approach to health accounting within the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016, we generated improved estimates of alcohol use and alcohol-attributable deaths and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 195 locations from 1990 to 2016, for both sexes and for 5-year age groups between the ages of 15 years and 95 years and older...
September 22, 2018: Lancet
https://read.qxmd.com/read/26210739/the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-nesarc-waves-1-and-2-review-and-summary-of-findings
#7
REVIEW
Deborah S Hasin, Bridget F Grant
PURPOSE: The NESARC, a "third-generation" psychiatric epidemiologic survey that integrated detailed measures of alcohol and drug use and problems has been the data source for over >850 publications. A comprehensive review of NESARC findings and their implications is lacking. METHOD: NESARC was a survey of 43,093 participants that covered alcohol, drug and psychiatric disorders, risk factors, and consequences. Wave 1 of the NESARC was conducted in 2001-2002...
November 2015: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/17485608/prevalence-correlates-disability-and-comorbidity-of-dsm-iv-drug-abuse-and-dependence-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Wilson M Compton, Yonette F Thomas, Frederick S Stinson, Bridget F Grant
BACKGROUND: Current and comprehensive information on the epidemiology of DSM-IV 12-month and lifetime drug use disorders in the United States has not been available. OBJECTIVES: To present detailed information on drug abuse and dependence prevalence, correlates, and comorbidity with other Axis I and II disorders. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Face-to-face interviews using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism in a large representative sample of US adults (N=43093)...
May 2007: Archives of General Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/24091891/the-relationship-of-mental-and-behavioral-disorders-to-all-cause-mortality-in-a-27-year-follow-up-of-4-epidemiologic-catchment-area-samples
#9
William W Eaton, Kimberly B Roth, Martha Bruce, Linda Cottler, Litzy Wu, Gerald Nestadt, Dan Ford, O Joseph Bienvenu, Rosa M Crum, George Rebok, James C Anthony, Alvaro Muñoz
Subjects from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program, interviewed during 1979-1983, were linked to data in the National Death Index through 2007 to estimate the association of mental and behavioral disorders with death. There were more than 25 years of follow-up for 15,440 individuals, with 6,924 deaths amounting to 307,881 person-years of observation. Data were analyzed by using age as the time scale and parametric approaches to quantify the years of life lost due to disorders. Alcohol, drug use, and antisocial personality disorders were associated with increased risk of death, but there was no strong association with mood and anxiety disorders...
November 1, 2013: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29216523/use-of-synthetic-stimulants-and-hallucinogens-in-a-cohort-of-electronic-dance-music-festival-attendees
#10
Amanda L A Mohr, Melissa Friscia, Jillian K Yeakel, Barry K Logan
Novel psychoactive substances (NPS), often characterized as unregulated psychoactive compounds designed to circumvent existing legislation, have become mainstream on the illicit drug market. Because of their physical and mind-altering properties, NPS may be deliberately or inadvertently ingested at electronic dance music (EDM) festivals to enhance the attendees' appreciation of the music and overall experience. Their widespread use at EDM festivals have been well documented and several adverse events and fatalities associated with NPS ingestion have been reported in the United States...
January 2018: Forensic Science International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/24411807/the-ability-of-single-screening-questions-for-unhealthy-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-to-identify-substance-dependence-in-primary-care
#11
Richard Saitz, Debbie M Cheng, Donald Allensworth-Davies, Michael R Winter, Peter C Smith
OBJECTIVE: Single screening questions (SSQs) are recommended for the evaluation of unhealthy alcohol use and other drug use (risky use through dependence). In addition, SSQs could provide information on severity that is necessary for brief intervention, information thought to be available only from longer questionnaires. We assessed SSQ accuracy for identifying dependence. METHOD: In a cross-sectional study, 286 primary care patients were administered SSQs for alcohol and for other drugs (each asks how many times they were used in the past year), the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C), the Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST), and a diagnostic interview reference standard for dependence...
January 2014: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28445557/us-adult-illicit-cannabis-use-cannabis-use-disorder-and-medical-marijuana-laws-1991-1992-to-2012-2013
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Deborah S Hasin, Aaron L Sarvet, Magdalena Cerdá, Katherine M Keyes, Malka Stohl, Sandro Galea, Melanie M Wall
Importance: Over the last 25 years, illicit cannabis use and cannabis use disorders have increased among US adults, and 28 states have passed medical marijuana laws (MML). Little is known about MML and adult illicit cannabis use or cannabis use disorders considered over time. Objective: To present national data on state MML and degree of change in the prevalence of cannabis use and disorders. Design, Participants, and Setting: Differences in the degree of change between those living in MML states and other states were examined using 3 cross-sectional US adult surveys: the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey (NLAES; 1991-1992), the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC; 2001-2002), and the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III; 2012-2013)...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28793142/remarkable-increases-in-alcohol-use-disorders
#13
COMMENT
Marc A Schuckit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28245688/treatment-of-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-in-pregnant-women
#14
Constance Guille, Kelly S Barth, Julio Mateus, Jenna L McCauley, Kathleen T Brady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28659039/adhd-medication-and-substance-related-problems
#15
Patrick D Quinn, Zheng Chang, Kwan Hur, Robert D Gibbons, Benjamin B Lahey, Martin E Rickert, Arvid Sjölander, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Brian M D'Onofrio
OBJECTIVE: Substance use disorders are major contributors to excess mortality among individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), yet associations between pharmacological ADHD treatment and substance-related problems remain unclear. This study investigated concurrent and long-term associations between ADHD medication treatment and substance-related events. METHOD: The authors analyzed 2005-2014 commercial health care claims from 2,993,887 (47...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28774194/vulnerability-for-alcohol-use-disorder-and-rate-of-alcohol-consumption
#16
Joshua L Gowin, Matthew E Sloan, Bethany L Stangl, Vatsalya Vatsalya, Vijay A Ramchandani
OBJECTIVE: Although several risk factors have been identified for alcohol use disorder, many individuals with these factors do not go on to develop the disorder. Identifying early phenotypic differences between vulnerable individuals and healthy control subjects could help identify those at higher risk. Binge drinking, defined as reaching a blood alcohol level of 80 mg%, carries a risk of negative legal and health outcomes and may be an early marker of vulnerability. Using a carefully controlled experimental paradigm, the authors tested the hypothesis that risk factors for alcohol use disorder, including family history of alcoholism, male sex, impulsivity, and low level of response to alcohol, would predict rate of binging during an individual alcohol consumption session...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/26406300/american-society-of-addiction-medicine-asam-national-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-medications-in-the-treatment-of-addiction-involving-opioid-use
#17
Kyle Kampman, Margaret Jarvis
The Centers for Disease Control have recently described opioid use and resultant deaths as an epidemic. At this point in time, treating this disease well with medication requires skill and time that are not generally available to primary care doctors in most practice models. Suboptimal treatment has likely contributed to expansion of the epidemic and concerns for unethical practices. At the same time, access to competent treatment is profoundly restricted because few physicians are willing and able to provide it...
September 2015: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28705244/smoking-cessation-in-severe-mental-ill-health-what-works-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Emily Peckham, Sally Brabyn, Liz Cook, Garry Tew, Simon Gilbody
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental ill health are more likely to smoke than those in the general population. It is therefore important that effective smoking cessation strategies are used to help people with severe mental ill health to stop smoking. This study aims to assess the effectiveness and cost -effectiveness of smoking cessation and reduction strategies in adults with severe mental ill health in both inpatient and outpatient settings. METHODS: This is an update of a previous systematic review...
July 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27332619/state-legal-restrictions-and-prescription-opioid-use-among-disabled-adults
#19
Ellen Meara, Jill R Horwitz, Wilson Powell, Lynn McClelland, Weiping Zhou, A James O'Malley, Nancy E Morden
BACKGROUND: In response to rising rates of opioid abuse and overdose, U.S. states enacted laws to restrict the prescribing and dispensing of controlled substances. The effect of these laws on opioid use is unclear. METHODS: We tested associations between prescription-opioid receipt and state controlled-substances laws. Using Medicare administrative data for fee-for-service disabled beneficiaries 21 to 64 years of age who were alive throughout the calendar year (8...
July 7, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28644052/a-little-dab-will-do-ya-in-a-case-report-of-neuro-and-cardiotoxicity-following-use-of-cannabis-concentrates
#20
Shannon S Rickner, Dazhe Cao, Kurt Kleinschmidt, Steven Fleming
CONTEXT: The use of marijuana and cannabis concentrates is increasing, especially following decriminalization in several states. Psychosis and cardiotoxicity have been reported following cannabis use; however, myocardial injury from "dabbing" has not yet been reported. We report a case of hyperthermia, tachycardia, hypertension, severe agitation, neuro-, and cardiotoxicity following the use of "dabs" where there is concomitant confirmatory biological and sample testing...
November 2017: Clinical Toxicology
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