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By David Bennett Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon in the United States
Hakan Şeşen, Mehmet F Çatma, İsmail Demirkale, Mert Karaduman, Murat Altay, Osman Korucu
This study aimed to determine the fate of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) after anterior reduction of the hip with or without pelvic or proximal femoral osteotomy for acetabular dysplasia. Using the antidromic technique, recording the response using standard electromyography equipment, evaluation was made of the LFCN in 36 hips of 24 patients (18 female and six male). The response was absent in six patients (25%) and nine patients (37.5%) had a somatosensory evoked potential latency greater than 40 ms...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Mehmet Demirhan, Fatih Dikici, Levent Eralp, Mehmet Onen, Bora Göksan
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the results of treatment in patients who were treated according to an algorithm established for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) during the first 18 months of life. METHODS: We developed an algorithm for DDH to be used in infants at 0 to 18 months of age. Patients who did not respond to, or who did not have the indication for, the use of Pavlik harness were treated according to our algorithm and evaluated prospectively. Thirty-three hips (24 patients; 21 girls, 3 boys; mean age 7...
2002: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
C F Moseley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2001: Instructional Course Lectures
(no author information available yet)
Developmental dysplasia of the hip is the preferred term to describe the condition in which the femoral head has an abnormal relationship to the acetabulum. Developmental dysplasia of the hip includes frank dislocation (luxation), partial dislocation (subluxation), instability wherein the femoral head comes in and out of the socket, and an array of radiographic abnormalities that reflect inadequate formation of the acetabulum. Because many of these findings may not be present at birth, the term developmental more accurately reflects the biologic features than does the term congenital...
April 2000: Pediatrics
P Nimityongskul, R A Hudgens, L D Anderson, R E Melhem, A E Green, S F Saleeb
Real time ultrasonography, according to the method of Graf, was performed on 113 infant hips because of abnormal physical findings (ranging from hip clicks to frank dislocation). Three parameters were measured on the standard coronal images: alpha and beta angles of Graf and the d/D ratio of Morin. Results indicated that the presence of hip clicks (88 hips) in general is a benign condition and not associated with abnormal anatomy. Hips that were reduced at birth but dislocatable (Barlow hip) showed no significantly abnormal acetabular anatomy...
November 1995: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Shahryar Noordin, Masood Umer, Kamran Hafeez, Haq Nawaz
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a spectrum of anatomical abnormalities of the hip joint in which the femoral head has an abnormal relationship with the acetabulum. Most studies report an incidence of 1 to 34 cases per 1,000 live births and differences could be due to different diagnostic methods and timing of evaluation. Risk factors include first born status, female sex, positive family history, breech presentation and oligohydramnios. Clinical presentations of DDH depend on the age of the child...
September 23, 2010: Orthopedic Reviews
R M Castelein
Ortolani's manoeuvre is used to detect hip instability. It is intended to be used to establish the mobility of a dislocated femoral head with respect to the acetabulum in newly-born infants. Barlow's modification attempts to dislocate a reduced but unstable hip out of the acetabulum. Ortolani's manoeuvre is a primarily tactile, proprioceptive sensation and has nothing to do with the usually inconsequential audible and palpable clicks in infant hips. It has been found that widespread use of Ortolani's manoeuvre cannot prevent all late diagnoses of hip dysplasia...
June 8, 2002: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Francesco M Lotito, Giuseppe Rabbaglietti, Margherita Notarantonio
Instability of the hip may be assessed by the Ortolani and Barlow tests, which are the keystone of clinical screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). However, Ortolani's sign implies that there is strong evidence of a severe form of DDH with a completely dislocated, but still reducible, femoral head. Barlow's test addresses several different forms of "instability" of the hip that are quite difficult to describe and in 80% of cases disappear during growth. For this reason, Ortolani's sign in a baby should be considered an indication for emergency treatment to reduce and stabilise the hip while it is still reducible...
June 2002: Pediatric Radiology
Robin W Paton
Clinical screening policies for the detection of hip instability or dysplasia of the hip vary internationally. There is general agreement in the Western world that at birth all hip joints should be clinically assessed by the Ortolani and Barlow tests. Currently, there is no consistency regarding who should undertake the examination, the results being worse when inexperienced personnel are used. These clinical tests have poor sensitivity and should be regarded as surveillance, not screening methods. Since the 1980s ultrasonographic assessment of the hip has become a valuable diagnostic tool...
October 2005: Early Human Development
Bregje E van Sleuwen, Adèle C Engelberts, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Wietse Kuis, Tom W J Schulpen, Monique P L'Hoir
Swaddling was an almost universal child-care practice before the 18th century. It is still tradition in certain parts of the Middle East and is gaining popularity in the United Kingdom, the United States, and The Netherlands to curb excessive crying. We have systematically reviewed all articles on swaddling to evaluate its possible benefits and disadvantages. In general, swaddled infants arouse less and sleep longer. Preterm infants have shown improved neuromuscular development, less physiologic distress, better motor organization, and more self-regulatory ability when they are swaddled...
October 2007: Pediatrics
Jennifer Bracken, Ton Tran, Michael Ditchfield
Developmental dysplasia of the hip is an important but poorly understood disorder as evidenced by the vast amount of literature published to date on this topic. The precise definition of hip dysplasia is controversial and it encompasses a spectrum of abnormalities, rather than a single condition, which at one end overlap with normal hip maturation. We review the risk factors, clinical examination and radiological imaging of the hip in the infant and young child, the controversies of ultrasound screening for hip dysplasia and the current management, both operative and non-operative, of this condition according to patient age...
November 2012: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Paul Jellicoe, Angus Aitken, Kenneth Wright
Many ways of detecting hip instability in the newborn infant exist, including a history of risk factors, clinical examination and ultrasound. We investigated our practice of 'at risk' screening using subjective, dynamic and static, ultrasound, followed by radiographic evaluation at 12 months. We found that the average age at presentation was 71 days, with the most common reason for referral being a clicking hip. None of the hips deemed stable under review deteriorated, and all those considered normal at first visit had a normal radiograph at 12 months...
May 2007: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
E Bar-On, S Meyer, G Harari, S Porat
Ultrasonography of the hip was performed sequentially by two different examiners in 75 infants. The ultrasound strips were reviewed twice by three paediatric orthopaedic surgeons and classified by the Graf method. The intraobserver and interobserver agreement between the interpretations was analysed using simple and weighted kappa coefficients calculated for agreement on the Graf classification and for grouping as normal (types 1A to 2A), and abnormal requiring treatment (types 2B to 4). When examining the same ultrasound strip, intraobserver agreement for the Graf classification was substantial (mean kappa 0...
March 1998: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
Charlotte Hartig-Andreasen, Kjeld Søballe, Anders Troelsen
A periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is the preferred joint preserving treatment for young adults with symptomatic hip dysplasia and no osteoarthritis. In symptomatic dysplasia of the hip, there is labral pathology in up to 90% of cases. However, no consensus exists as to whether a labral tear should be treated before the periacetabular osteotomy (PAO), treated simultaneously with the PAO, or left alone and only treated if symptoms persist after the PAO. This review is an update of aspects of labral anatomy and function, the etiology of labral tears in hip dysplasia, and diagnostic assessment of labral tears, and we discuss treatment strategies for coexisting labral tears and hip dysplasia...
February 2013: Acta Orthopaedica
Qiuliang Liu, Yisheng Wang, Yufeng Liu, Mengzhen Zhang, Jianbo Gao, Jianmin Chang, Peichao Tian, Yonggao Zhang, Xiao He, Xinrang Chen, Pan Qin, Yuxia Fan, Changtao Meng, Xinya Jia, Xin Liu, Yingzhong Fan, Jiaxiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize retrospectively developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) screening of children within 36 months. METHODS: Newborn infants underwent initial DDH screening at First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University from September 2011 to May 2013. The examinations included double hip function, abduction test and Ortolani/Barlow test. After initial DDH screening, suspected and abnormal infants were transferred to our department for re-screening. And clinical physical examinations, type B ultrasound or radiological imaging were performed for confirmation or elimination...
May 27, 2014: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Andreas Roposch, Liang Q Liu, Fritz Hefti, Nicholas M P Clarke, John H Wedge
BACKGROUND: Clinicians use various criteria to diagnose developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in early infancy, but the importance of these various criteria for a definite diagnosis is controversial. The lack of uniform, widely agreed-on diagnostic criteria for DDH in patients in this age group may result in a delay in diagnosis of some patients. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Our purpose was to establish a consensus among pediatric orthopaedic surgeons worldwide regarding the most relevant criteria for diagnosis of DDH in infants younger than 9 weeks...
December 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Andreas Roposch, Evangelia Protopapa, Mario Cortina-Borja
OBJECTIVE: To establish clinical diagnostic criteria for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) that model the practices of expert clinicians. STUDY DESIGN: Of 23 clinical criteria for the diagnosis of DDH, ranked in order of diagnostic importance by international consensus, the 7 most highly ranked were placed in all possible combinations to create unique case vignettes. Twenty-six experts rated 52 vignettes for the presence of DDH. We modeled the data to determine which of the 7 criteria were associated with a clinician's opinion that the vignette represented DDH...
December 2014: Journal of Pediatrics
D Baronciani, G Atti, F Andiloro, A Bartesaghi, L Gagliardi, C Passamonti, M Petrone
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an organizational model for neonatal population screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip. METHODS: In 4648 neonates born in six hospitals of the Lombardy region, screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip was done using the Ortolani-Barlow maneuver and ultrasonography. RESULTS: The frequency of positive results of clinical and ultrasound examinations carried out in the hospitals varied considerably as a result of difficulties in the Ortolani-Barlow test reproducibility and in the low sensitivity of the clinical examination when compared to ultrasonography...
February 1997: Pediatrics
J Clegg, C E Bache, V V Raut
We have analysed the patterns of management of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in Coventry over a period of 20 years during which three different screening policies were used. From 1976 to the end of 1985 we relied on clinical examination alone. The mean surgical cost for the treatment of DDH during this period was Pound Sterling 5110 per 1000 live births. This was reduced to Pound Sterling 3811 after the introduction of ultrasound for infants with known risk factors. Since June 1989 we have routinely scanned all infants at birth with a mean surgical cost of Pound Sterling 468 per 1000 live births...
September 1999: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
R W Paton, Q Choudry
In a prospective study over 11 years we assessed the relationship between neonatal deformities of the foot and the presence of ultrasonographic developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). Between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 2006, 614 infants with deformities of the foot were referred for clinical and ultrasonographic evaluation. There were 436 cases of postural talipes equinovarus deformity (TEV), 60 of fixed congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV), 93 of congenital talipes calcaneovalgus (CTCV) and 25 of metatarsus adductus...
May 2009: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
2014-10-24 00:11:29
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