Cesar Ivan Elizalde-Barrera, Alberto Francisco Rubio-Guerra, Jose Juan Lozano-Nuevo, Jose Luis Olvera-Gomez
AIMS: To evaluate the clinical accuracy of novel indices visceral adiposity index (VAI) and body adiposity index (BAI) to identify patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and compare with its individual components and other obesity indicators. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Mexican population. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference, triglycerides (TG), High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), VAI, BAI, waist to hip ratio (WHR) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) were determined...
July 2019: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Leila Cheraghi, Fereidoun Azizi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a body shape index (ABSI) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) could predict insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared to healthy women. STUDY DESIGN: In a population-based study a cohort of 754 reproductive-aged women including 704 eumenorrheic non-hirsute subjects and 50 PCOS women selected according to the national institutes of health's (NIH) criteria. The ability of ABSI and WHtR for the prediction of IR was estimated by the homeostasis model and metabolic syndrome according to the joint interim statement criteria...
October 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Nasheeta Peer, Carl Lombard, Krisela Steyn, Naomi Levitt
BACKGROUND: The use of waist-to-height ratio has been suggested as a better proxy indicator of central obesity. OBJECTIVE: To compare the utility of waist-to-height ratio with commonly used adiposity indices of body mass index, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio to identify cardio-metabolic diseases in 25-74-year-old black residents of Cape Town. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, stratified for age and gender, determined cardio-metabolic abnormalities by administered questionnaires, clinical measurements and biochemical analyses, including oral glucose tolerance tests...
February 19, 2020: Family Practice
Susann Blüher, Esther Molz, Susanna Wiegand, Klaus-Peter Otto, Elena Sergeyev, Sabine Tuschy, Dagmar L'Allemand-Jander, Wieland Kiess, Reinhard W Holl
CONTEXT: The predictive value of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WtHR) to define cardiometabolic risk is unclear in childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: [corrected] The associations between BMI, WtHR, or WC and cardiometabolic risk markers were analyzed in a multicenter data collection of obese youth. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: BMI, WtHR, and WC were retrospectively evaluated in 1278 patients (11-18 years, 53% boys) from the German/Austrian/Swiss Adiposity Patients Registry...
August 2013: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
James R Cerhan, Steven C Moore, Eric J Jacobs, Cari M Kitahara, Philip S Rosenberg, Hans-Olov Adami, Jon O Ebbert, Dallas R English, Susan M Gapstur, Graham G Giles, Pamela L Horn-Ross, Yikyung Park, Alpa V Patel, Kim Robien, Elisabete Weiderpass, Walter C Willett, Alicja Wolk, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Patricia Hartge, Leslie Bernstein, Amy Berrington de Gonzalez
OBJECTIVES: To assess the independent effect of waist circumference on mortality across the entire body mass index (BMI) range and to estimate the loss in life expectancy related to a higher waist circumference. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We pooled data from 11 prospective cohort studies with 650,386 white adults aged 20 to 83 years and enrolled from January 1, 1986, through December 31, 2000. We used proportional hazards regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs for the association of waist circumference with mortality...
March 2014: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Tiffany M Powell-Wiley, Paul Poirier, Lora E Burke, Jean-Pierre Després, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Carl J Lavie, Scott A Lear, Chiadi E Ndumele, Ian J Neeland, Prashanthan Sanders, Marie-Pierre St-Onge
The global obesity epidemic is well established, with increases in obesity prevalence for most countries since the 1980s. Obesity contributes directly to incident cardiovascular risk factors, including dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and sleep disorders. Obesity also leads to the development of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular disease mortality independently of other cardiovascular risk factors. More recent data highlight abdominal obesity, as determined by waist circumference, as a cardiovascular disease risk marker that is independent of body mass index...
May 25, 2021: Circulation
Christie M Ballantyne, Harold E Bays, Sephy Philip, Ralph T Doyle, Rene A Braeckman, William G Stirtan, Paresh N Soni, Rebecca A Juliano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Remnant-like particle cholesterol (RLP-C) is atherogenic and may increase atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk. Icosapent ethyl is a high-purity prescription eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester (approved as an adjunct to diet to reduce triglyceride [TG] levels in adult patients with TGs ≥500 mg/dL [≥5.65 mmol/L] at 4 g/day). In the MARINE and ANCHOR studies, icosapent ethyl reduced TG and other atherogenic lipid parameter levels without increasing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels...
October 2016: Atherosclerosis
Deepak L Bhatt, P Gabriel Steg, Michael Miller, Eliot A Brinton, Terry A Jacobson, Steven B Ketchum, Ralph T Doyle, Rebecca A Juliano, Lixia Jiao, Craig Granowitz, Jean-Claude Tardif, Christie M Ballantyne
BACKGROUND: Patients with elevated triglyceride levels are at increased risk for ischemic events. Icosapent ethyl, a highly purified eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester, lowers triglyceride levels, but data are needed to determine its effects on ischemic events. METHODS: We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involving patients with established cardiovascular disease or with diabetes and other risk factors, who had been receiving statin therapy and who had a fasting triglyceride level of 135 to 499 mg per deciliter (1...
January 3, 2019: New England Journal of Medicine
Deepak L Bhatt, Ph Gabriel Steg, Michael Miller, Eliot A Brinton, Terry A Jacobson, Steven B Ketchum, Ralph T Doyle, Rebecca A Juliano, Lixia Jiao, Craig Granowitz, Jean-Claude Tardif, John Gregson, Stuart J Pocock, Christie M Ballantyne
BACKGROUND: In time-to-first-event analyses, icosapent ethyl significantly reduced the risk of ischemic events, including cardiovascular death, among patients with elevated triglycerides receiving statins. These patients are at risk for not only first but also subsequent ischemic events. OBJECTIVES: Pre-specified analyses determined the extent to which icosapent ethyl reduced total ischemic events. METHODS: REDUCE-IT (Reduction of Cardiovascular Events with Icosapent Ethyl-Intervention Trial) randomized 8,179 statin-treated patients with triglycerides ≥135 and <500 mg/dl (median baseline of 216 mg/dl) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol >40 and ≤100 mg/dl (median baseline of 75 mg/dl), and a history of atherosclerosis (71% patients) or diabetes (29% patients) to icosapent ethyl 4 g/day or placebo...
June 11, 2019: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Son V Pham, Robert J Chilton
Cardiologists could view empagliflozin as a cardiovascular drug that also has a beneficial effect on reducing hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The effects of empagliflozin in lowering the risk of cardiovascular death and hospitalization for heart failure in T2DM patients with high cardiovascular risk during the recent Empagliflozin Cardiovascular Outcome Event Trial in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients-Removing Excess Glucose (EMPA-REG OUTCOME) trial may be explained principally in terms of changes to cardiovascular physiology; namely, by the potential ability of empagliflozin to reduce cardiac workload and myocardial oxygen consumption by lowering blood pressure, improving aortic compliance, and improving ventricular arterial coupling...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
Kim F Chiang, Shreya J Shah, Randall S Stafford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2019: JAMA
Angela M Wood, Stephen Kaptoge, Adam S Butterworth, Peter Willeit, Samantha Warnakula, Thomas Bolton, Ellie Paige, Dirk S Paul, Michael Sweeting, Stephen Burgess, Steven Bell, William Astle, David Stevens, Albert Koulman, Randi M Selmer, W M Monique Verschuren, Shinichi Sato, Inger Njølstad, Mark Woodward, Veikko Salomaa, Børge G Nordestgaard, Bu B Yeap, Astrid Fletcher, Olle Melander, Lewis H Kuller, Beverley Balkau, Michael Marmot, Wolfgang Koenig, Edoardo Casiglia, Cyrus Cooper, Volker Arndt, Oscar H Franco, Patrik Wennberg, John Gallacher, Agustín Gómez de la Cámara, Henry Völzke, Christina C Dahm, Caroline E Dale, Manuela M Bergmann, Carlos J Crespo, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Rudolf Kaaks, Leon A Simons, Pagona Lagiou, Josje D Schoufour, Jolanda M A Boer, Timothy J Key, Beatriz Rodriguez, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Karina W Davidson, James O Taylor, Carlotta Sacerdote, Robert B Wallace, J Ramon Quiros, Rosario Tumino, Dan G Blazer, Allan Linneberg, Makoto Daimon, Salvatore Panico, Barbara Howard, Guri Skeie, Timo Strandberg, Elisabete Weiderpass, Paul J Nietert, Bruce M Psaty, Daan Kromhout, Elena Salamanca-Fernandez, Stefan Kiechl, Harlan M Krumholz, Sara Grioni, Domenico Palli, José M Huerta, Jackie Price, Johan Sundström, Larraitz Arriola, Hisatomi Arima, Ruth C Travis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Anna Karakatsani, Antonia Trichopoulou, Tilman Kühn, Diederick E Grobbee, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Natasja van Schoor, Heiner Boeing, Kim Overvad, Jussi Kauhanen, Nick Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Nita Forouhi, Maria Wennberg, Jean-Pierre Després, Mary Cushman, Jackie A Cooper, Carlos J Rodriguez, Masaru Sakurai, Jonathan E Shaw, Matthew Knuiman, Trudy Voortman, Christa Meisinger, Anne Tjønneland, Hermann Brenner, Luigi Palmieri, Jean Dallongeville, Eric J Brunner, Gerd Assmann, Maurizio Trevisan, Richard F Gillum, Ian Ford, Naveed Sattar, Mariana Lazo, Simon G Thompson, Pietro Ferrari, David A Leon, George Davey Smith, Richard Peto, Rod Jackson, Emily Banks, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, John Danesh
BACKGROUND: Low-risk limits recommended for alcohol consumption vary substantially across different national guidelines. To define thresholds associated with lowest risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease, we studied individual-participant data from 599 912 current drinkers without previous cardiovascular disease. METHODS: We did a combined analysis of individual-participant data from three large-scale data sources in 19 high-income countries (the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration, EPIC-CVD, and the UK Biobank)...
April 14, 2018: Lancet
Yu Jie Chen, Liang Jin Li, Wen Lu Tang, Jia Yang Song, Ru Qiu, Qian Li, Hao Xue, James M Wright
BACKGROUND: This is the first update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2015. Renin angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors include angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and renin inhibitors. They are widely prescribed for treatment of hypertension, especially for people with diabetes because of postulated advantages for reducing diabetic nephropathy and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Despite widespread use for hypertension, the efficacy and safety of RAS inhibitors compared to other antihypertensive drug classes remains unclear...
November 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Seyyed Majid Eslami, Shekoufeh Nikfar, Maryam Ghasemi, Mohammad Abdollahi
Proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a member of regulatory serine proteases which is mostly expressed in liver. In the physiological condition, LDL-C binds to LDL receptors (LDLRs) and via endocytosis, LDLRs are degraded. PCSK9 binds to the epidermal growth factor-like repeat A (EGFA) domain of extracellular LDLRs, and then physiological recycling of LDLRs from surface of liver is cancelled, resulting in elevation of circulating LDL-C in plasma. To evaluate whether evolucomab, as PCSK9 inhibitor monoclonal antibody, ameliorates lipid profile in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) patients, this meta-analysis has been conducted...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Benjamin L Ebert, Peter Libby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Joseph Yeboah, Rebekah Young, Robyn L McClelland, Joseph C Delaney, Tamar S Polonsky, Farah Z Dawood, Michael J Blaha, Michael D Miedema, Christopher T Sibley, J Jeffrey Carr, Gregory L Burke, David C Goff, Bruce M Psaty, Philip Greenland, David M Herrington
BACKGROUND: The improvement in discrimination gained by adding nontraditional cardiovascular risk markers cited in the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association cholesterol guidelines to the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk estimator (pooled cohort equation [PCE]) is untested. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the predictive accuracy and improvement in reclassification gained by the addition of the coronary artery calcium (CAC) score, the ankle-brachial index (ABI), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels, and family history (FH) of ASCVD to the PCE in participants of MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)...
January 19, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Kevin Pottie, Alejandra Jaramillo, Gabriela Lewin, Jim Dickinson, Neil Bell, Paula Brauer, Lesley Dunfield, Michel Joffres, Harminder Singh, Marcello Tonelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2012: Canadian Medical Association Journal: CMAJ
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: European Heart Journal
Dongfeng Zhang, Weijing Wang, Fang Li
BACKGROUND: Resting heart rate is linked to risk of coronary artery disease, stroke, sudden death and noncardiovascular diseases. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess these associations in general populations and in populations of patients with hypertension or diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase and MEDLINE from inception to Mar. 5, 2016. We used a random-effects model to combine study-specific relative risks (RRs). We used restricted cubic splines to assess the dose-response relation...
October 18, 2016: Canadian Medical Association Journal: CMAJ
B K Pedersen, B Saltin
This review provides the reader with the up-to-date evidence-based basis for prescribing exercise as medicine in the treatment of 26 different diseases: psychiatric diseases (depression, anxiety, stress, schizophrenia); neurological diseases (dementia, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis); metabolic diseases (obesity, hyperlipidemia, metabolic syndrome, polycystic ovarian syndrome, type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes); cardiovascular diseases (hypertension, coronary heart disease, heart failure, cerebral apoplexy, and claudication intermittent); pulmonary diseases (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, cystic fibrosis); musculo-skeletal disorders (osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, back pain, rheumatoid arthritis); and cancer...
December 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
2016-08-24 16:52:40
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