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13 papers 0 to 25 followers
Weifeng Liu, Chenyang Zhan, Huiyong Cheng, P Rajesh Kumar, Jeffrey B Bonanno, Stanley G Nathenson, Steven C Almo
LIGHT initiates intracellular signaling via engagement of the two TNF receptors, HVEM and LTβR. In humans, LIGHT is neutralized by DcR3, a unique soluble member of the TNFR superfamily, which tightly binds LIGHT and inhibits its interactions with HVEM and LTβR. DcR3 also neutralizes two other TNF ligands, FasL and TL1A. Due to its ability to neutralize three distinct different ligands, DcR3 contributes to a wide range of biological and pathological processes, including cancer and autoimmune diseases. However, the mechanisms that support the broad specificity of DcR3 remain to be fully defined...
September 2, 2014: Structure
Teraya M Donaldson, María B Cassera, Meng-Chiao Ho, Chenyang Zhan, Emilio F Merino, Gary B Evans, Peter C Tyler, Steven C Almo, Vern L Schramm, Kami Kim
The intracellular pathogen Toxoplasma gondii is a purine auxotroph that relies on purine salvage for proliferation. We have optimized T. gondii purine nucleoside phosphorylase (TgPNP) stability and crystallized TgPNP with phosphate and immucillin-H, a transition-state analogue that has high affinity for the enzyme. Immucillin-H bound to TgPNP with a dissociation constant of 370 pM, the highest affinity of 11 immucillins selected to probe the catalytic site. The specificity for transition-state analogues indicated an early dissociative transition state for TgPNP...
May 2014: Eukaryotic Cell
Teraya M Donaldson, Li-Min Ting, Chenyang Zhan, Wuxian Shi, Renjian Zheng, Steven C Almo, Kami Kim
Plasmodium parasites rely upon purine salvage for survival. Plasmodium purine nucleoside phosphorylase is part of the streamlined Plasmodium purine salvage pathway that leads to the phosphorylysis of both purines and 5'-methylthiopurines, byproducts of polyamine synthesis. We have explored structural features in Plasmodium falciparum purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PfPNP) that affect efficiency of catalysis as well as those that make it suitable for dual specificity. We used site directed mutagenesis to identify residues critical for PfPNP catalytic activity as well as critical residues within a hydrophobic pocket required for accommodation of the 5'-methylthio group...
2014: PloS One
David A Gross, Chenyang Zhan, David L Silver
The process of lipid droplet (LD) formation is an evolutionarily conserved process among all eukaryotes and plays an important role in both cellular physiology and disease. Recently, fat storage-inducing transmembrane proteins 1 and 2 (FIT1/FITM1 and FIT2/FITM2) were discovered as an evolutionarily conserved family of proteins involved in fat storage. In mammals, FIT1 is expressed primarily in skeletal muscle and FIT2 is expressed primarily in adipose, raising the possibility that FIT1 and FIT2 have unique functions...
December 6, 2011: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yan Xu, Chenyang Zhan, Bingru Huang
The grass family Poaceae includes annual species cultivated as major grain crops and perennial species cultivated as forage or turf grasses. Heat stress is a primary factor limiting growth and productivity of cool-season grass species and is becoming a more significant problem in the context of global warming. Plants have developed various mechanisms in heat-stress adaptation, including changes in protein metabolism such as the induction of heat shock proteins (HSPs). This paper summarizes the structure and function of major HSPs, recent research progress on the association of HSPs with grass tolerance to heat stress, and incorporation of HSPs in heat-tolerant grass breeding...
2011: International Journal of Proteomics
Chenyang Zhan, Yury Patskovsky, Qingrong Yan, Zhenhong Li, Udupi Ramagopal, Huiyong Cheng, Michael Brenowitz, Xiao Hui, Stanley G Nathenson, Steven C Almo
Decoy Receptor 3 (DcR3), a secreted member of the Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) receptor superfamily, neutralizes three different TNF ligands: FasL, LIGHT, and TL1A. Each of these ligands engages unique signaling receptors which direct distinct and critical immune responses. We report the crystal structures of the unliganded DcR3 ectodomain and its complex with TL1A, as well as complementary mutagenesis and biochemical studies. These analyses demonstrate that DcR3 interacts with invariant backbone and side-chain atoms in the membrane-proximal half of TL1A which supports recognition of its three distinct TNF ligands...
February 9, 2011: Structure
Chenyang Zhan, Qingrong Yan, Yury Patskovsky, Zhenhong Li, Rafael Toro, Amanda Meyer, Huiyong Cheng, Michael Brenowitz, Stanley G Nathenson, Steven C Almo
TNF-like 1A (TL1A) is a newly described member of the TNF superfamily that is directly implicated in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, atherosclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. We report the crystal structure of the human TL1A extracellular domain at a resolution of 2.5 A, which reveals a jelly-roll fold typical of the TNF superfamily. This structural information, in combination with complementary mutagenesis and biochemical characterization, provides insights into the binding interface and the specificity of the interactions between TL1A and the DcR3 and DR3 receptors...
August 18, 2009: Biochemistry
Kausik Chattopadhyay, Eszter Lazar-Molnar, Qingrong Yan, Rotem Rubinstein, Chenyang Zhan, Vladimir Vigdorovich, Udupi A Ramagopal, Jeffrey Bonanno, Stanley G Nathenson, Steven C Almo
Costimulatory receptors and ligands trigger the signaling pathways that are responsible for modulating the strength, course, and duration of an immune response. High-resolution structures have provided invaluable mechanistic insights by defining the chemical and physical features underlying costimulatory receptor:ligand specificity, affinity, oligomeric state, and valency. Furthermore, these structures revealed general architectural features that are important for the integration of these interactions and their associated signaling pathways into overall cellular physiology...
May 2009: Immunological Reviews
Babu A Manjasetty, Wuxian Shi, Chenyang Zhan, András Fiser, Mark R Chance
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2007: Genetic Engineering
Chenyang Zhan, Jie Yang, Xian-Chi Dong, Yue-Lan Wang
Purinergic receptors are a class of cell surface receptors for purines that prefer ATP or ADP over adenosine. The surface receptors for extracellular nucleotides are called P2 receptors. They are activated by both pyrimidine and purine nucleotides. ADP initiates platelet aggregation by 'simultaneous activation of two G protein-coupled receptors, P2Y1 and P2Y12. P2Y12 has been shown to be the target of the thienopyridine drugs, ticlopidine and clopidogrel. Here, the active sites of P2Y12 for ATP as well as ADP are predicted by bioinformatics and molecular modeling...
July 2007: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
Chenyang Zhan, Elena V Fedorov, Wuxian Shi, U A Ramagopal, R Thirumuruhan, Babu A Manjasetty, Steve C Almo, Andras Fiser, Mark R Chance, Alexander A Fedorov
The three-dimensional crystallographic structure of the ybeY protein from Escherichia coli (SwissProt entry P77385) is reported at 2.7 A resolution. YbeY is a hypothetical protein that belongs to the UPF0054 family. The structure reveals that the protein binds a metal ion in a tetrahedral geometry. Three coordination sites are provided by histidine residues, while the fourth might be a water molecule that is not seen in the diffraction map because of its relatively low resolution. X-ray fluorescence analysis of the purified protein suggests that the metal is a nickel ion...
November 1, 2005: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
Wuxian Shi, Chenyang Zhan, Alexander Ignatov, Babu A Manjasetty, Nebojsa Marinkovic, Michael Sullivan, Raymond Huang, Mark R Chance
A high-throughput method for measuring transition metal content based on quantitation of X-ray fluorescence signals was used to analyze 654 proteins selected as targets by the New York Structural GenomiX Research Consortium. Over 10% showed the presence of transition metal atoms in stoichiometric amounts; these totals as well as the abundance distribution are similar to those of the Protein Data Bank. Bioinformatics analysis of the identified metalloproteins in most cases supported the metalloprotein annotation; identification of the conserved metal binding motif was also shown to be useful in verifying structural models of the proteins...
October 2005: Structure
Tao Chen, Jie Yang, Yuelang Wang, Chenyang Zhan, Yuhui Zang, Junchuan Qin
Stem cell factor (SCF) and macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) can act in synergistic way to promote the growth of mononuclear phagocytes. SCF-M-CSF fusion proteins were designed on the computer using the Homology and Biopolymer modules of the software packages InsightII. Several existing crystal structures were used as templates to generate models of the complexes of receptor with fusion protein. The structure rationality of the fusion protein incorporated a series of flexible linker peptide was analyzed on InsightII system...
May 2005: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
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