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Guillain-Barré syndrome in adults: Clinical features and diagnosis

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16 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Daniel Vargas Neurology
Mir Sadaqat Hassan Zafar, M Mubarik Naqash, Tariq A Bhat, G M Malik
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is rare in pregnancy with an estimated incidence between 1.2 and 1.9 cases per 100,000 people annually, and it carries a high maternal risk. We report a 29-year-old primigravida who had pain and progressive heaviness of both lower limbs in her third trimester of pregnancy. The attending gynecologist ascribed these symptoms to ongoing pregnancy. The intrapartum period (lower segment caesarian section) passed uneventfully. On third postpartum day, the patient developed weakness of all the four limbs...
January 2013: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Nobuhiro Yuki, Antonino Uncini
Acute ataxic neuropathies with disialosyl antibodies include Fisher syndrome, ataxic Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), and acute sensory ataxic neuropathy. Fisher syndrome and ataxic GBS are more strongly associated with IgG anti-GQ1b and anti-GT1a than with anti-GD1b antibodies, whereas the association is reversed in the case of acute sensory ataxic neuropathy. Chronic ataxic neuropathy with disialosyl antibodies is associated with IgM paraprotein to GD1b and GQ1b, which occasionally reacts with GT1a. The clinical, electrophysiological, and pathological features, along with experimental findings, suggest that acute and chronic ataxic neuropathies with disialosyl antibodies form a continuous clinical and pathophysiological spectrum characterized by a complement-mediated disruption at the nodal region and are better classified in the new category of nodo-paranodopathies...
May 2014: Muscle & Nerve
Shubhangi Vithal Dhadke, Vithal Narayan Dhadke, Sachin S Bangar, Milind B Korade
OBJECTIVES: To study clinical presentation, hospital care and outcome of patients of Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS) and number of patients of respiratory failure and need for ventilators. To study efficacy of IVIg in patients of GBS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 patients of GBS studied in detail including history, clinical examination and investigations (Nerve conduction velocity and C.S.F. examination). All patients were watched for respiratory insufficiency and those who developed respiratory paralysis were given assisted mechanical ventilation...
March 2013: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Jayantee Kalita, Usha K Misra, Gaurav Goyal, Moromi Das
There is a paucity of large studies evaluating the subtypes of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and their outcome from Southeast Asia. We report cliniconeurophysiological subtypes of GBS and their correlation with triggering events and 3-month outcome from northern India. Three hundred and twenty eight consecutive patients with GBS were clinically evaluated, including their triggers, severity, autonomic involvement, cranial nerve palsy, and respiratory paralysis. Nerve conduction study (NCS) was repeated at 3 weeks if the initial study was normal...
March 2014: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
Adi Hersalis Eldar, Joab Chapman
Immune mediated neuropathies are uncommon but important to diagnose because they are potentially treatable. This chapter summarizes the clinical approach to diagnosis of Guillain Barré syndrome (GBS), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), and related neuropathies which are thought to be caused by direct autoimmune attack on peripheral nerves.
April 2014: Autoimmunity Reviews
Mahmood Samadi, Babak Kazemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Wen-Luo Zhang, Yue-An Cao, Jing Xia, Lu Yang, Wen-Xiu Xie, Yu Wang, Chao-Sheng Peng
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the treatment effect of immunoglobulin in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). METHODS: The clinical data of AIDS with GBS, diagnosed by clinical and laboratory methods, were retrospectively analyzed, and literature retrieval analyzed. RESULTS: After treatment by immunoglobulin and antiviral. The patient's peripheral nerve injury recovered, and the number of HIV decreased. CONCLUSION: Immunoglobulin has a therapeutic effect for HIV infection related GBS, and beneficial to antiviral treatment...
June 2013: Chinese Journal of Experimental and Clinical Virology
Ju Young Yu, Han Young Jung, Chang Hwan Kim, Hyo Sang Kim, Myeong Ok Kim
Acute multiple cranial neuropathies are considered as variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome, which are immune-mediated diseases triggered by various cases. It is a rare disease which is related to infectious, inflammatory or systemic diseases. According to previous case reports, those affected can exhibit almost bilateral facial nerve palsy, then followed by bulbar dysfunctions (cranial nerves IX and X) accompanied by limb weakness and walking difficulties due to motor and/or sensory dysfunctions. Furthermore, reported cases of the acute multiple cranial neuropathies show electrophysiological abnormalities compatible with the typical Guillain-Barre syndromes (GBS)...
October 2013: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Satoshi Kuwabara, Nobuhiro Yuki
Acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) is a pure motor axonal subtype of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) that was identified in the late 1990s. In Asia and Central and South America, it is the major subtype of GBS, seen in 30-65% of patients. AMAN progresses more rapidly and has an earlier peak than demyelinating GBS; tendon reflexes are relatively preserved or even exaggerated, and autonomic dysfunction is rare. One of the main causes is molecular mimicry of human gangliosides by Campylobacter jejuni lipo-oligosaccharides...
December 2013: Lancet Neurology
Christiaan Fokke, Bianca van den Berg, Judith Drenthen, Christa Walgaard, Pieter Antoon van Doorn, Bart Casper Jacobs
Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acute polyradiculoneuropathy with a variable clinical presentation. Accurate diagnostic criteria are essential for patient care and research, including clinical trials and vaccine safety studies. Several diagnostic criteria for Guillain-Barré syndrome have been proposed, including the recent set by the Brighton Collaboration. In the present study we describe in detail the key diagnostic features required to meet these Brighton criteria in a study population of 494 adult patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome, previously included in therapeutic and observational studies...
January 2014: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Jia Liu, Lu-Ning Wang, Ewan D McNicol
BACKGROUND: Pain in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is common, yet it is often under recognised and poorly managed. In recent years, a variety of pharmacological treatment options have been investigated in clinical trials for people with GBS-associated pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of pharmacological treatments for various pain symptoms associated with GBS, during both the acute and convalescent (three months or more after onset) phases of GBS...
October 20, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rajesh Verma, Tejendra Sukdeo Chaudhari, Tushar Premraj Raut, Ravindra Kumar Garg
INTRODUCTION: Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an acute polyradiculoneuropathy with varied severity of presentation. AIMS: To study the clinical and electrophysiological profile of patients with GBS and to determine the factors associated with poor functional outcome and need for mechanical ventilation. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It was a hospital-based prospective observational study. METHODS AND MATERIAL: 90 patients with GBS diagnosed as per Asbury and Cornblath criteria were enrolled and followed up for 6 months...
December 15, 2013: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Kishan Kumar Nyati, Roopanshi Nyati
Our current knowledge on Campylobacter jejuni infections in humans has progressively increased over the past few decades. Infection with C. jejuni is the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis, sometimes surpassing other infections due to Salmonella, Shigella, and Escherichia coli. Most infections are acquired due to consumption of raw or undercooked poultry, unpasteurized milk, and contaminated water. After developing the diagnostic methods to detect C. jejuni, the possibility to identify the association of its infection with new diseases has been increased...
2013: BioMed Research International
Matthew Harms
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis in the developed world. Guillain-Barré syndrome typically presents with ascending paralysis and is usually severe enough to warrant hospital admission for management. In the United States alone, GBS results in more than 6000 hospitalizations each year. Although GBS patients were historically cared for at tertiary referral centers, changing treatment practices have broadened the number of neurologists who care for the disease...
April 2011: Neurohospitalist
C Vaishnavi, C Behura, S Prabhakar, A Sharma, P Kharbanda
A study was performed on 59 Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) cases, 58 neurological controls (NC) and 60 non-neurological controls (NNC) to investigate the association of anti-ganglioside antibodies in GBS and other neurological disorders. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 5.7% of GBS patients. Anti-ganglioside immunoglobulin G was present in 82% and immunoglobulin M in 46% in acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy patients, 70% and 44% respectively in acute motor axonal neuropathy subgroup and 38% each in acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy subgroup...
April 2013: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Duncan J McLauchlan, Neil P Robertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2013: Journal of Neurology
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