Lee R Creedon, Chris Neophytou, Paul C Leeder, Altaf K Awan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to audit the current management of patients suffering with gallstone pancreatitis (GSP) at a university teaching hospital for compliance with the British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) guidelines regarding cholecystectomy post-GSP. METHODS: Data were collected on all patients identified via the hospital coding department that presented with GSP between January 2011 and November 2013. Patients with alcoholic pancreatitis were excluded...
December 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Yi Yun Deng, Rui Wang, Hao Wu, Cheng Wei Tang, Xin Zu Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the etiology and clinical features of acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) and to determine its optimal management and outcomes. METHODS: ARP cases among acute pancreatitis patients who were admitted to the West China Hospital, Sichuan University from January 2008 to December 2012 were retrospectively collected. Their etiology, clinical features, treatments and outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Of all pancreatitis patients, 8...
October 2014: Journal of Digestive Diseases
Veit Phillip, Jörg M Steiner, Hana Algül
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a potentially life-threatening disease with a wide spectrum of severity. The overall mortality of AP is approximately 5%. According to the revised Atlanta classification system, AP can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Severe AP often takes a clinical course with two phases, an early and a late phase, which should both be considered separately. In this review article, we first discuss general aspects of AP, including incidence, pathophysiology, etiology, and grading of severity, then focus on the assessment of patients with suspected AP, including diagnosis and risk stratification, followed by the management of AP during the early phase, with special emphasis on fluid therapy, pain management, nutrition, and antibiotic prophylaxis...
August 15, 2014: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Larry W Buie, Joseph Moore, Hank van Deventer
l-asparaginase is an aminohydrolase that deprives leukemia cells of l-asparagine required for protein synthesis. Although studies in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia have shown that the addition of l-asparaginase improved the overall remission rate, life-threatening acute pancreatitis has occurred in 0.5-4% of patients. We describe the first adult case report, to our knowledge, of the successful use of octreotide as a chemoprotectant for the prevention of recurrent pegylated asparaginase (PEG-ASP)-induced pancreatitis in a 21-year-old man with Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia...
August 2014: Pharmacotherapy
Aaron Lewis, Brett Partridge, Oleh Haluszka
The management of acute pancreatitis has seen many advances over the past three decades. Attempts to improve care have led to new definitions, classification systems, and treatment strategies. Despite those efforts, considerable morbidity and mortality result from complications of severe acute pancreatitis. Much attention has been given to new ways to treat these complications, including inflammatory pancreatic fluid collections and associated infections. Endoscopy has become one of the established modalities for the treatment of these complications in many expert centers...
September 2014: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Gregory C Wilson, Syed A Ahmad, Daniel P Schauer, Mark H Eckman, Daniel E Abbott
INTRODUCTION: The current standard of care for the management of minimal change chronic pancreatitis (MCCP) is medical management. Controversy exists, however, regarding the use of surgical intervention for MCCP. We hypothesized that total pancreatectomy and islet cell autotransplantation (TPIAT) decreases long-term resource utilization and improves quality of life, justifying initial costs and risks. METHODS: Detailed perioperative outcomes from 46 patients with MCCP populated a Markov model comparing medical management to TPIAT...
January 2015: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Anand R Gupte, Chris E Forsmark
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review selected important clinical observations in chronic pancreatitis reported in 2013. RECENT FINDINGS: Early diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis remains difficult, although newer techniques utilizing endoscopic ultrasonography-elastography and MRI hold promise. Patients with chronic pancreatitis are at risk of nutritional deficiencies. Osteoporosis, osteopenia, and bone fracture are particularly common in these patients, and require active intervention and treatment...
September 2014: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Erik-Jan Wamsteker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic disorders using endoscopy. RECENT FINDINGS: The role of endoscopy in the diagnosis and management of pancreatic disorders continues to increase in importance. The use of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP) provides therapy for many pancreatic disorders, including in the treatment of pancreatitis, its complications and pancreatic neoplasia...
September 2014: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Rupjyoti Talukdar, D Nageshwar Reddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent data on techniques, efficacy and complications of endoscopic management of chronic pancreatitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy with or without endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is the first-line treatment for large painful obstructive pancreatic duct calculi. Use of preextracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy secretin could result in better stone clearance. The first-line treatment for dominant pancreatic duct strictures is placement of a single 10-Fr polyethylene stent with planned exchanges every 3 months until 1 year...
September 2014: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Jan J De Waele
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the changing insights in the pathophysiology and management of acute pancreatitis. RECENT FINDINGS: The outdated 1992 Atlanta classification has been replaced by two new classifications, both of which acknowledge the role of organ dysfunction in determining the outcome of acute pancreatitis, and both of which have introduced a new category of 'moderate' pancreatitis. The new classifications will allow fewer patients to be classified as severe, which better reflects the risk of dying of the disease...
April 2014: Current Opinion in Critical Care
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: There have been substantial improvements in the management of acute pancreatitis since the publication of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) treatment guidelines in 2002. A collaboration of the IAP and the American Pancreatic Association (APA) was undertaken to revise these guidelines using an evidence-based approach. METHODS: Twelve multidisciplinary review groups performed systematic literature reviews to answer 38 predefined clinical questions...
July 2013: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Scott Tenner, John Baillie, John DeWitt, Santhi Swaroop Vege
This guideline presents recommendations for the management of patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). During the past decade, there have been new understandings and developments in the diagnosis, etiology, and early and late management of the disease. As the diagnosis of AP is most often established by clinical symptoms and laboratory testing, contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pancreas should be reserved for patients in whom the diagnosis is unclear or who fail to improve clinically...
September 2013: American Journal of Gastroenterology
B Joseph Elmunzer, James M Scheiman, Glen A Lehman, Amitabh Chak, Patrick Mosler, Peter D R Higgins, Rodney A Hayward, Joseph Romagnuolo, Grace H Elta, Stuart Sherman, Akbar K Waljee, Aparna Repaka, Matthew R Atkinson, Gregory A Cote, Richard S Kwon, Lee McHenry, Cyrus R Piraka, Erik J Wamsteker, James L Watkins, Sheryl J Korsnes, Suzette E Schmidt, Sarah M Turner, Sylvia Nicholson, Evan L Fogel
BACKGROUND: Preliminary research suggests that rectally administered nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs may reduce the incidence of pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial, we assigned patients at elevated risk for post-ERCP pancreatitis to receive a single dose of rectal indomethacin or placebo immediately after ERCP. Patients were determined to be at high risk on the basis of validated patient- and procedure-related risk factors...
April 12, 2012: New England Journal of Medicine
R Pezzilli, A Zerbi, V Di Carlo, C Bassi, G F Delle Fave
INTRODUCTION: The following is a summary of the official guidelines of the Italian Association for the Study of the Pancreas regarding the medical, endoscopic and surgical management of acute pancreatitis. STATEMENTS: Clinical features together with elevation of the plasma concentrations of pancreatic enzymes are the cornerstones of diagnosis (recommendation A). Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) provides good evidence for the presence of pancreatitis (recommendation C) and it should be carried out 48-72 h after the onset of symptoms in patients with predicted severe pancreatitis...
2010: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
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