Elyse R Park, Ilana F Gareen, Sandra Japuntich, Inga Lennes, Kelly Hyland, Sarah DeMello, JoRean D Sicks, Nancy A Rigotti
IMPORTANCE: The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) found a reduction in lung cancer mortality among participants screened with low-dose computed tomography vs chest radiography. In February 2015, Medicare announced its decision to cover annual lung screening for patients with a significant smoking history. These guidelines promote smoking cessation treatment as an adjunct to screening, but the frequency and effectiveness of clinician-delivered smoking cessation interventions delivered after lung screening are unknown...
September 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Steven S Fu, Michelle van Ryn, Scott E Sherman, Diana J Burgess, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Barbara Clothier, Brent C Taylor, Carolyn M Schlede, Randy S Burke, Anne M Joseph
IMPORTANCE: Current tobacco use treatment approaches require smokers to request treatment or depend on the provider to initiate smoking cessation care and are therefore reactive. Most smokers do not receive evidence-based treatments for tobacco use that include both behavioral counseling and pharmacotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a proactive, population-based tobacco cessation care model on use of evidence-based tobacco cessation treatments and on population-level smoking cessation rates (ie, abstinence among all smokers including those who use and do not use treatment) compared with usual care among a diverse population of current smokers...
May 2014: JAMA Internal Medicine
Hyaneyoung Olvera, Jafar Bakhshaie, Lorra Garey, Charles Jardin, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
INTRODUCTION: Smoking and anxiety disorders frequently co-occur. Trait worry is a core symptom of anxiety disorders. While research suggests worry processes may be important to certain smoking behaviors, the mechanisms explicating these relations remain unknown. METHOD: The current study examined anxiety sensitivity (AS) as a potential mediator for the relation between trait worry and number of years being a daily smoker, latency to first cigarette of the day, smoking rate, heaviness of smoking, and nicotine dependence among treatment-seeking daily smokers (N = 376; 47% female; M age = 37...
June 2015: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Kirstin Pirie, Richard Peto, Gillian K Reeves, Jane Green, Valerie Beral
BACKGROUND: Women born around 1940 in countries such as the UK and USA were the first generation in which many smoked substantial numbers of cigarettes throughout adult life. Hence, only in the 21st century can we observe directly the full effects of prolonged smoking, and of prolonged cessation, on mortality among women in the UK. METHODS: For this prospective study, 1·3 million UK women were recruited in 1996-2001 and resurveyed postally about 3 and 8 years later...
January 12, 2013: Lancet
Sally Dunlop, James Kite, Anne C Grunseit, Chris Rissel, Donna A Perez, Anita Dessaix, Trish Cotter, Adrian Bauman, Jane Young, David Currow
INTRODUCTION: The Australian states of New South Wales (NSW) and Queensland implemented bans on tobacco pack displays at point-of-sale (PoS) in July 2010 and November 2011, respectively. This study evaluated the medium-term impact of the bans on youth. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Tobacco Promotion Impact Study, a repeated cross-sectional survey of youth (12-24 years) in NSW and Queensland conducted yearly 2010-2012 (n = 6,014). Regression analyses examined differences in youth's recall of PoS tobacco displays, smoking-related beliefs, and smoking behaviors in relation to the timing of the PoS display bans...
July 2015: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Tim McAfee, Deborah Burnette
Abstract Despite half a century of public health efforts, smoking remains the single largest cause of preventable disease and death in the United States, killing 480,000 people a year and inflicting chronic disease on 16 million. Since the early part of the 20th century, tobacco companies' success in aggressively marketing their products to women has resulted in steady increases in smoking-related disease risk for women. Today, women smokers have caught up with their male counterparts and are just as likely to die from lung cancer, heart disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as are men who smoke...
November 2014: Journal of Women's Health
Fadi Hammal, Justin A Ezekowitz, Colleen M Norris, T Cameron Wild, Barry A Finegan
BACKGROUND: Smoking is an undertreated risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and is associated with adverse outcomes after myocardial infarction. Aims of our study were to determine if management of CAD by medical therapy (MT) alone or with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) influence smoking status at one year following angiography and if a change in smoking status at one year influences long term survival. METHODS: Prospective cohort study using the APPROACH registry...
October 1, 2014: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Carla J Berg
INTRODUCTION: Given the increased rates of nondaily smoking and the lack of validated measures to assess factors related to nondaily smoking, we aimed to develop a measure of reasons for nondaily smoking among young adults. Specifically, we developed a scale assessing reasons or triggers for nondaily smoking and examined its reliability, factor structure, and concurrent validity. METHODS: We administered an online survey to 2,000 students at six colleges in the Southeastern US, and 718 (35...
June 2014: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Jamie Brown, Susan Michie, Adam W A Geraghty, Lucy Yardley, Benjamin Gardner, Lion Shahab, John A Stapleton, Robert West
BACKGROUND: Internet-based interventions for smoking cessation could help millions of people stop smoking at very low unit costs; however, long-term biochemically verified evidence is scarce and such interventions might be less effective for smokers with low socioeconomic status than for those with high status because of lower online literacy to engage with websites. We aimed to assess a new interactive internet-based intervention (StopAdvisor) for smoking cessation that was designed with particular attention directed to people with low socioeconomic status...
December 2014: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Allison N Kurti, Jesse Dallery
BACKGROUND: Both contingency management (CM) and exercise have shown promise as smoking cessation treatments, but their combined effects have not been evaluated. The present study evaluated whether CM (in which motivational incentives are provided for abstinence) plus exercise reduced smoking more than either component alone. METHOD: In a within-subjects design, 20 smokers were exposed to exercise plus CM, exercise plus CM-control (non-contingent incentives), inactivity plus CM, and inactivity plus CM-control...
November 1, 2014: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Lucy Popova, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: Graphic warning labels are a tobacco control best practice that is mandated in the US for cigarettes under the 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act. However, smokeless tobacco products are not required to carry graphic warning labels, and as of September 2014, electronic cigarettes in the US carry no warning labels and are aggressively marketed, including with "reduced harm" or "FDA Approved" messages. METHODS: In this online experiment, 483 US adult non-users of tobacco were randomized to view print advertisements for moist snuff, snus, and e-cigarettes with either warning labels (current warning label, graphic warning label) or "endorsements" (a "lower risk" label proposed by a tobacco company, an "FDA Approved" label) or control (tobacco advertisement with no label, advertisement for a non-tobacco consumer products)...
September 25, 2014: BMC Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Harvard Health Letter
Soo Hee Jeong, David Newcombe, Janie Sheridan, Malcolm Tingle
Cytisine, an α4 β2 nicotinic receptor partial agonist, is a plant alkaloid that is commercially extracted for use as a smoking cessation medication. Despite its long history of use, there is very little understanding of the pharmacokinetics of cytisine. To date, no previous studies have reported cytisine concentrations in humans following its use as a smoking cessation agent. A high performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet (HPLC-UV) method was developed and validated for analysis of Tabex® and nicotine-free oral strips, two commercial products containing cytisine...
June 2015: Drug Testing and Analysis
Aylin Pihtili, Michael Galle, Caglar Cuhadaroglu, Zeki Kilicaslan, Halim Issever, Feyza Erkan, Tulin Cagatay, Ziya Gulbaran
BACKGROUND: Since the 1970s, MORA bioresonance therapy has globally been applied in the context of complementary medicine for various indications. In this regard, practitioners also report successful application in smoking cessation. The present study aims to verify these reports in a controlled study setting. METHODS: In order to achieve the aforementioned objective, we subjected the bioresonance method to a prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group study involving 190 smokers...
2014: Research in Complementary Medicine
Jesse R Cougle, Kirsten A Hawkins, Richard J Macatee, Michael J Zvolensky, Shivali Sarawgi
Hostility has emerged as an important predictor of smoking cessation difficulties, though the mechanisms underlying the hostility and smoking relationship are poorly understood. Further, research has yet to explore relations between hostile interpretation biases and different aspects of smoking behavior. In the present study, current daily smokers (N = 106) were administered measures of smoking characteristics, smoking motivation, reasons for quitting, hostility, and hostile interpretation bias. Neither trait hostility nor hostile interpretation bias were uniquely associated with motivation to quit, reasons for quitting, nicotine dependence, or problematic symptoms following past cessation attempts...
September 2014: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
Kathrin Schuck, Roy Otten, Marloes Kleinjan, Jonathan B Bricker, Rutger C M E Engels
BACKGROUND: Parental smoking is associated with an increased risk of smoking among youth. Epidemiological research has shown that parental smoking cessation can attenuate this risk. This study examined whether telephone counselling for parents and subsequent parental smoking cessation affect smoking-related cognitions and smoking initiation among children of smoking parents. METHODS: Data of a two-arm randomized controlled trial were used in which 512 smoking parents were recruited into cessation support through their children's primary schools...
January 2015: Addictive Behaviors
Bektas Murat Yalcin, Mustafa Unal, Hasan Pirdal, Tevfik Fikret Karahan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a cognitive behavioral therapy-oriented anger management and stress control program on smokers' quit rates. METHODS: Of 2348 smokers, 350 were randomly allocated into study and control groups (n = 175 each). An individualized therapy cessation technique was selected for each participant (combination of behavioral counseling, nicotine replacement therapy, and/or pharmacotherapy). The participants in the control group attended a standard quit program, whereas the study group also received an additional 5-session (90 minutes each) cognitive behavioral therapy-oriented program aimed at improving their anger and stress coping skills...
September 2014: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Megan A Jacobs, Caroline O Cobb, Lorien Abroms, Amanda L Graham
BACKGROUND: Facebook is the most popular social network site, with over 1 billion users globally. There are millions of apps available within Facebook, many of which address health and health behavior change. Facebook may represent a promising channel to reach smokers with cessation interventions via apps. To date, there have been no published reports about Facebook apps for smoking cessation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the features and functionality of Facebook apps for smoking cessation and to determine the extent to which they adhere to evidence-based guidelines for tobacco dependence treatment...
September 9, 2014: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Raina D Pang, Rubin Khoddam, Casey R Guillot, Adam M Leventhal
OBJECTIVE: Smoking reinforcement expectancies-expectations that smoking modulates mood-can be powerful motivators to smoke, resulting in increased nicotine dependence. The impact of smoking reinforcement expectancies on nicotine dependence may be particularly strong in individuals with increased mood or anxiety symptoms because they may be more likely to act on expectancies with smoking behavior in order to offset their affective symptoms. This study examined levels of emotional symptom dimensions as moderators of the relation between positive and negative smoking reinforcement expectancies and nicotine dependence severity in a community sample...
September 2014: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Sarah S Dermody, Eric C Donny, Louise A Hertsgaard, Dorothy K Hatsukami
OBJECTIVE: Reducing the nicotine content of cigarettes is a potential regulatory strategy that may enable cessation. The present study investigated the effect of nicotine exposure while smoking very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes on cessation outcomes. The roles of possible sources of nicotine were also explored, including the VLNC cigarette and co-use of cigarettes with normal nicotine content. METHODS: A secondary data analysis of two analogous randomised trials of treatment seeking, adult daily smokers (n=112) who were instructed to smoke VLNC cigarettes for 6 weeks and then make a quit attempt...
November 2015: Tobacco Control
2014-09-12 08:39:23
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