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78 papers 0 to 25 followers Ultrasonic vocalizations
By Joao B
Rainer K W Schwarting
Ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) are widely studied in mice and rats, and in case of rats, the bulk of empirical evidence is based on outbred rats, which in most studies belong to either Long Evans, Sprague-Dawley or Wistar stocks. It is known that these stocks can differ in terms of specific brain variables and also behaviorally, but there is only few evidence so far showing whether these stocks behave in similar or substantially different ways in paradigms which are often used to study USV. Therefore, we have started a larger series of comparative studies, where we analyzed different classes of USV in rats from these three stocks spanning from pups to adults...
July 1, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Catrina A Calub, Sharon C Furtak, Thomas H Brown
Rats emit 22 kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in association with pain, fear, or distress. Whereas the capacity to produce USVs is innate, reactivity to them appears to require experience. Specifically, 22 kHz USVs fail to elicit freezing behavior in naïve laboratory rats. However, these "alarm calls" do elicit freezing in rats that previously experienced foot shocks. These findings led to the hypothesis that acquired reactivity is based on "autoconditioning"-learning in which self-generated 22 kHz USVs serve as Pavlovian cues that become associated with foot shocks...
October 1, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Nicola Simola, Stefan M Brudzynski
BACKGROUND: Adolescent and adult rats emit 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) to communicate the appetitive arousal and the presence of positive emotional states to conspecifics. NEW METHOD: Based on its communicative function, emission of 50-kHz USVs is increasingly being evaluated in preclinical studies of affective behavior, motivation and social behavior. RESULTS: Emission of 50-kHz USVs is initiated by the activation of dopamine receptors in the shell subregion of the nucleus accumbens...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Etieli Wendler, Camila Pasquini de Souza, Ana Paula Segantine Dornellas, Luis Eduardo Santos, Sergio T Ferreira, José Carlos Fernandes Galduróz, Markus Wöhr, Rainer K W Schwarting, Roberto Andreatini
Mania is characterized by elevated drive and mood but animal models of mania have often neglected elevated mood. Ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) of 50-kHz emitted by rats are thought to index the subject's positive affective state. Fifty-kHz USV emission is increased by amphetamine, an effect blocked by lithium administration. Sleep deprivation (SD) is an environmental model of mania and the present study evaluated SD effects on behavioral activity and USV emission, together with the impact of lithium treatment...
January 10, 2019: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Jasmine M S Grimsley, Saloni Sheth, Neil Vallabh, Calum A Grimsley, Jyoti Bhattal, Maeson Latsko, Aaron Jasnow, Jeffrey J Wenstrup
While several studies have investigated mouse ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) emitted by isolated pups or by males in mating contexts, studies of behavioral contexts other than mating and vocalization categories other than USVs have been limited. By improving our understanding of the vocalizations emitted by mice across behavioral contexts, we will better understand the natural vocal behavior of mice and better interpret vocalizations from mouse models of disease. Hypothesizing that mouse vocal behavior would differ depending on behavioral context, we recorded vocalizations from male CBA/CaJ mice across three behavioral contexts including mating, isolation, and restraint...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Svenja Hoier, Christine Pfeifle, Sophie von Merten, Miriam Linnenbrink
House mice (Mus musculus) live in social groups where they frequently interact with conspecifics, thus communication (e.g. chemical and/or auditory) is essential. It is commonly known that male and female mice produce complex vocalizations in the ultrasonic range (USV) that remind of high-pitched birdsong (so called mouse song) which is mainly used in social interactions. Earlier studies suggest that mice use their USVs for mate attraction and mate choice, but they could also be used as signal during hierarchy establishment and familiarization, or other communication purposes...
2016: PloS One
Cynthia A Kelm-Nelson, Alexander F L Brauer, Michelle R Ciucci
Levodopa does not improve dysarthria in patients with Parkinson Disease (PD), although vocal exercise therapy, such as "LSVT/LOUD(®)", does improve vocal communication. Most patients receive vocal exercise therapy while concurrently being treated with levodopa, although the interaction between levodopa and vocal exercise therapy on communication in PD is relatively unknown. Further, carryover of vocal exercise therapy to novel situations is critical for successful outcomes, but the influence of novel situations on rehabilitated vocal communication is not well understood...
July 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Jesse Heckman, Brigit McGuinness, Tansu Celikel, Bernhard Englitz
Mouse ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) exhibit a high degree of complexity as demonstrated in recent years. A multitude of factors have been identified to influence USVs on the spectrotemporal as well as structural - e.g. syntactic - level. A synthesis of the various studies that attributes semantics to USV properties or sequences is still lacking. Presently, we address the factors modulating the composition of USVs, specifically age, gender, genetic background (including the targeted FoxP2 mutagenesis), behavioral state and individuality...
June 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Markus Wöhr, Dominik Seffer, Rainer K W Schwarting
Rats are able to produce ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs). Such USVs are an important component of the rat social behavior repertoire and serve distinct communicative functions as socio-affective signals. Depending on the emotional valence of the situation, juvenile and adult rats utter (1) aversive 22-kHz USVs conveying an appeasing and/or alarming function; or (2) appetitive 50-kHz USVs, which act as social contact calls, amongst others. A 50-kHz USV radial maze playback paradigm that allows assessment of the behavioral responses displayed by the recipients in a highly standardized manner has been developed...
April 8, 2016: Current Protocols in Neuroscience
Jeffrey Burgdorf, Elizabeth M Colechio, Patric Stanton, Jaak Panksepp
BACKGROUND: Positive emotions have been shown to induce resilience to depression and anxiety in humans, as well as increase cognitive abilities (learning, memory and problem solving) and improve overall health. In rats, frequency modulated 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (Hedonic 50-kHz USVs) reflect a positive affective state and are best elicited by rough-and-tumble play. METHODS: The effect of positive affect induced by rough-and tumble play was examined on models of depression and learning and memory...
2017: Current Neuropharmacology
Tatiane Helena Batista, Vanessa Barbosa Veronesi, Ana Cláudia Alves Freire Ribeiro, Alexandre Giusti-Paiva, Fabiana Cardoso Vilela
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of protein malnutrition during pregnancy on maternal behavior, on the early behavior in pups by ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) emission, and on the behavior of offspring in adulthood in an elevated T-maze. METHODS: Pregnant female rats were fed a normal protein-powdered diet (22% casein; control) or a low-protein (hypoproteic) diet (6% casein; protein restriction) during the first 2 weeks of pregnancy...
October 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
Amogh P Belagodu, Aaron M Johnson, Roberto Galvez
Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is the leading form of inherited intellectual disability. It is caused by the transcriptional silencing of FMR1, the gene which codes for the Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein (FMRP). Patients who have FXS exhibit numerous behavioral and cognitive impairments, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, and autistic-like behaviors. In addition to these behavioral abnormalities, FXS patients have also been shown to exhibit various deficits in communication such as abnormal sentence structures, increased utterances, repetition of sounds and words, and reduced articulation...
September 1, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Hiromi Wada
Perinatal hypothyroidism causes serious damage to auditory functions that are essential for vocalization development. In rat pups, perinatal hypothyroidism potentially affects the development of ultrasonic vocalization (USV) as a result of hearing deficits. This study examined the effect of perinatal hypothyroidism on the development of USVs in rat pups. Twelve pregnant rats were divided into three groups and treated with the anti-thyroid drug methimazole (MMI) via drinking water, from gestational day 15 to postnatal day (PND) 21...
March 2017: Neurotoxicology
Michal Bialy, Wiktor Bogacki-Rychlik, Kaja Kasarello, Evgeni Nikolaev, Elzbieta M Sajdel-Sulkowska
It has been assumed that the 22-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) are emitted by adult rats as a result of a negative emotional state. However, emission of the 22-kHz vocalizations by male rats has been also observed following ejaculation, which has a high rewarding value as shown by a conditioned place preference test. These observations suggest that 22-kHz USVs may also occur in response to a positive emotional state. The aim of this study was to determine whether the postejaculatory 22-kHz USVs are related to conditioning processes...
August 2016: Behavioral Neuroscience
Ewelina Kaniuga, Ewa Taracha, Tomasz Stępień, Teresa Wierzba-Bobrowicz, Adam Płaźnik, Stanisław J Chrapusta
Individuals predisposed to addiction constitute a minority of drug users, in both humans and animal models of the disorder, but there are no established characteristics that would allow identifying them beforehand. Our studies demonstrate that sensitization of rat 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalization (USV) response to amphetamine shows marked inter-individual diversity but substantial intra-individual stability. Low sensitization of the response shows relevance to the acquisition of self-administration of this drug and hence might be of predictive value regarding the risk of addiction...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
Xiaowen Yin, Ling Chen, Yong Xia, Qunkang Cheng, Jiabei Yuan, Yan Yang, Zhaoxin Wang, Haojie Wang, Jianshu Dong, Yuqiang Ding, Xudong Zhao
Maternal deprivation (MD) is frequently used as an early life stress model in rodents to investigate behavioral and neurological responses under stressful conditions. However, the effect of MD on the early postnatal development of rodents, which is when multiple neural systems become established, is rarely investigated due to methodological limitations. Ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) are one of the few responses produced by neonatal rodents that can be quantitatively analyzed, and the quantification of USVs is regarded as a novel approach to investigate possible alterations in the neurobehavioral and emotional development of infant rodents under stress...
2016: PloS One
Kazutaka Mogi, Ayaka Takakuda, Chihiro Tsukamoto, Rumi Ooyama, Shota Okabe, Nobuyoshi Koshida, Miho Nagasawa, Takefumi Kikusui
The importance of the mother-infant bond for the development of offspring health and sociality has been studied not only in primate species but also in rodent species. A social bond is defined as affiliative behaviors toward a specific partner. However, controversy remains concerning whether mouse pups can distinguish between their own mother and an alien mother, and whether mothers can differentiate their own pups from alien pups. In this study, we investigated whether mutual recognition exists between mother and infant in ICR mice...
May 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
Hyopil Kim, Junehee Son, Hyoungseob Yoo, Hakyoo Kim, Jihae Oh, DaeHee Han, Yoon Hwang, Bong-Kiun Kaang
A primary characteristic of autism, which is a neurodevelopmental disorder, is impaired social interaction and communication. Furthermore, patients with autism frequently show abnormal social recognition. In mouse models of autism, social recognition is usually assessed by examining same-sex social behavior using various tests, such as the three-chamber test. However, no studies have examined the ability of male mice with autism to recognize the estrous cycle of female partners. In this study, we investigated the sexual behaviors, especially mounting and ultrasonic vocal communication (USV), of BTBR T+ tf/J (BTBR) mice, which are used as a well-known mouse model of autism, when they encountered estrus or diestrus female mice...
August 2016: Experimental Neurobiology
Anastasiya Kobrina, Micheal L Dent
Mice are frequently used as animal models for human hearing research, yet their auditory capabilities have not been fully explored. Previous studies have established auditory threshold sensitivities for pure tone stimuli in CBA/CaJ mice using ABR and behavioral methodologies. Little is known about how they perceive their own ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs), and nothing is known about how aging influences this perception. The aim of the present study was to establish auditory threshold sensitivity for several USV types, as well as to track these thresholds across the mouse's lifespan...
November 2016: Hearing Research
Yumi Saito, Shoko Yuki, Yoshimasa Seki, Hiroko Kagawa, Kazuo Okanoya
Emotional contagion occurs when an individual acquires the emotional state of another via social cues, and is an important component of empathy. Empathic responses seen in rodents are often explained by emotional contagion. Rats emit 50kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in positive contexts, and emit 22kHz USVs in negative contexts. We tested whether rats show positive or negative emotional contagion after hearing conspecific USVs via a cognitive bias task. We hypothesized that animals in positive emotional states would perceive an ambiguous cue as being good (optimistic bias) whereas animals in negative states would perceive the same cue as being bad (pessimistic bias)...
November 2016: Behavioural Processes
2017-08-28 14:29:35
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