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General Surgery

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7 papers 25 to 100 followers
Raj Vikesh Tiwari, Brian K P Goh, Terence Kee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2013: Gastroenterology
Daniel I Chu, Melanie L Gainsbury, Lauren A Howard, Arthur F Stucchi, James M Becker
BACKGROUND: Classical teaching advocates watchful waiting for 2 days before operating on adhesive-related intestinal obstructions (AIOs). Our aim was to compare the clinical and cost outcomes of early versus late adhesiolysis for AIOs. DESIGN: Patients undergoing adhesiolysis for AIOs from the 2007 Nationwide Inpatient Sample were stratified to early (≤2 days from admission) vs. late (>2 days) adhesiolysis. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality and secondary outcomes were post-operative complications (POCs), post-operative length of stay (PLOS), and in-hospital cost...
February 2013: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Willy Arung, Michel Meurisse, Olivier Detry
Peritoneal adhesions represent an important clinical challenge in gastrointestinal surgery. Peritoneal adhesions are a consequence of peritoneal irritation by infection or surgical trauma, and may be considered as the pathological part of healing following any peritoneal injury, particularly due to abdominal surgery. The balance between fibrin deposition and degradation is critical in determining normal peritoneal healing or adhesion formation. Postoperative peritoneal adhesions are a major cause of morbidity resulting in multiple complications, many of which may manifest several years after the initial surgical procedure...
November 7, 2011: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jasim M Radhi, Jennifer A Ramsay, Odette Boutross-Tadross
BACKGROUND: The incidence of colonic diverticular disease varies with national origin, cultural background and diet. The frequency of this disease increases with advancing age. Right-sided diverticular disease is uncommon and reported to occur in 1-2% of surgical specimens in European and American series. In contrast the disease is more prevalent and reported in 43-50% of specimens in Asian series. Various lines of evidence suggest this variation may represent hereditary differences. The aim of the study is to report all cases of right sided diverticular disease underwent surgical resection or identified during pathological examination of right hemicoloectomy specimens METHODS: A retrospective review of all surgical specimens with right sided colonic diverticular disease selected from a larger database of all colonic diverticulosis and diverticulitis surgical specimen reported between January 1993 and December 2010 at the Pathology Department McMaster University Medical Centre Canada...
October 6, 2011: BMC Research Notes
Aileen Soriano, Mellar P Davis
Malignant bowel obstruction requires a highly individualized approach, tailored to the patient's medical condition, prognosis, and goals of care. Surgery should not be routinely done. Less-invasive approaches such as gastric and colonic stenting are useful.
March 2011: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Patrick G Jackson, Manish T Raiji
Acute intestinal obstruction occurs when there is an interruption in the forward flow of intestinal contents. This interruption can occur at any point along the length of the gastrointestinal tract, and clinical symptoms often vary based on the level of obstruction. Intestinal obstruction is most commonly caused by intra-abdominal adhesions, malignancy, or intestinal herniation. The clinical presentation generally includes nausea and emesis, colicky abdominal pain, and a failure to pass flatus or bowel movements...
January 15, 2011: American Family Physician
J Hopman, J Pompe, H J Steenbergen, P J A Beckers, P D J Sturm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2007: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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