M E Barra-López, C López-de-Celis, A Pérez-Bellmunt, P Puyalto-de-Pablo, J J Sánchez-Fernández, M O Lucha-López
Muscle coordination plays an important role in glenohumeral stability. The rotator cuff and the long head of the biceps are considered the primary dynamic stabilizers muscles. However, the fact that a subgroup of patients with a massive tear in the rotator cuff were able to keep a normal function, should make us question this traditional view. We hypothesize that the teres major which is also a monoarticular scapulohumeral muscle, although it is not part of the conjoined tendon of the rotator cuff, can play a role in glenohumeral stability by a direct support of the humeral head generated by the particular posteroanterior location of this muscle under the humeral head and which, as far as we know, has not been written up previously...
August 2020: Medical Hypotheses
Adrien J Schwitzguebel, Frank C Kolo, Jérôme Tirefort, Abed Kourhani, Alexandra Nowak, Vincent Gremeaux, Mo Saffarini, Alexandre Lädermann
BACKGROUND: The benefits of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for the treatment of rotator cuff tears remain inconclusive, as it is administered either as an adjuvant to surgical repair or as a primary infiltration without targeting the index lesion, which could dilute its effect. PURPOSE: To determine whether PRP infiltrations are superior to saline solution infiltrations (placebo) at improving healing, pain, and function when injected under ultrasound guidance within isolated interstitial supraspinatus tears...
July 2019: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Karin Gravare Silbernagel, Bill T Vicenzino, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Kristian Thorborg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2019: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Shigeto Nakagawa, Ryo Iuchi, Hiroto Hanai, Takehito Hirose, Tatsuo Mae
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of glenohumeral joint instability after primary traumatic anterior instability is not rare, and bipolar bone loss is one of the most critical factors for recurrent instability, but the development process of bipolar bone defects is still unclear. PURPOSE: To investigate the development process of bipolar bone defects from primary to recurrent instability among shoulders with traumatic anterior instability evaluated at least twice by computed tomography (CT)...
March 2019: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Tim Kraal, Inger Sierevelt, Derek van Deurzen, Michel Pj van den Bekerom, Lijkele Beimers
AIM: To investigate the additional value of physiotherapy after a corticosteroid injection in stage one or two idiopathic frozen shoulders (FSs). METHODS: A two center, randomized controlled trial was done. Patients with a painful early stage idiopathic FS were eligible for inclusion. After written consent, patients were randomly allocated into two groups. All patients received an ultrasound-guided intra-articular corticosteroid injection. One group underwent additional physiotherapy treatment (PT) and the other group did not (non-PT)...
September 18, 2018: World Journal of Orthopedics
Hiroki Ohzono, Masafumi Gotoh, Hidehiro Nakamura, Hirokazu Honda, Yasuhiro Mitsui, Tatsuyuki Kakuma, Takahiro Okawa, Naoto Shiba
BACKGROUND: Fatty degeneration of the rotator cuff muscles is associated not only with postoperative retear but also with postoperative muscle weakness; therefore, fatty changes in the muscles may affect the clinical outcome even in patients with these tears who have intact tendons after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of fatty infiltration on the clinical outcome in patients with intact tendons after arthroscopic repair of large/massive cuff tears...
November 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Giorgio Tamborrini, Ingrid Möller, David Bong, Maribel Miguel, Christian Marx, Andreas Marc Müller, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl
Shoulder pathologies of the rotator cuff of the shoulder are common in clinical practice. The focus of this pictorial essay is to discuss the anatomical details of the rotator interval of the shoulder, correlate the anatomy with normal ultrasound images and present selected pathologies. We focus on the imaging of the rotator interval that is actually the anterosuperior aspect of the glenohumeral joint capsule that is reinforced externally by the coracohumeral ligament, internally by the superior glenohumeral ligament and capsular fibers which blend together and insert medially and laterally to the bicipital groove...
June 2017: Ultrasound International Open
Parisa Nejati, Armita Ghahremaninia, Farrokh Naderi, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Ali Mazaherinezhad
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) is the most common disorder of the shoulder. The evidence for the effectiveness of treatment options is inconclusive and limited. Therefore, there is a need for more evidence in this regard, particularly for long-term outcomes. HYPOTHESIS: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) would be an effective method in treating subacromial impingement. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Breann K Tisano, A Reed Estes
In the hypercompetitive environment of year round youth baseball, arm pain is commonplace. Although much research has been done about injuries in the overhead throwing athlete, the emphasis has been on the more elite levels, where athletes have reached full development. The anatomy of the skeletally immature athlete, including open physeal plates and increased tissue laxity, raises unique issues in the presentation and treatment of repetitive throwing injuries of the elbow and shoulder. With a focus on "little leaguers," this discussion evaluates five of the most common elbow and shoulder injuries-Little Leaguer's elbow, ulnar collateral ligament sprain or tear, osteochondritis dissecans/Panner's disease, Little Leaguer's shoulder, and multidirectional instability...
October 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Alexis A Wright, Eric J Hegedus, Daniel T Tarara, Samantha C Ray, Steven L Dischiavi
OBJECTIVE: To produce a best evidence synthesis of exercise prescription used when treating shoulder pathology in the overhead athlete. DESIGN: A systematic review of exercises used in overhead athletes including case studies and clinical commentaries. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from database inception through July 8, 2016. METHODS: We examined data from randomised controlled trials and prospective cohort (level I-IV evidence) studies that addressed exercise intervention in the rehabilitation of the overhead athlete with shoulder pathology...
February 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Yeong Seok Lee, Jeung Yeol Jeong, Chan-Deok Park, Seung Gyoon Kang, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: A retear is a significant clinical problem after rotator cuff repair. However, no study has evaluated the retear rate with regard to the extent of footprint coverage. PURPOSE: To evaluate the preoperative and intraoperative factors for a retear after rotator cuff repair, and to confirm the relationship with the extent of footprint coverage. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 693 patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair between January 2006 and December 2014...
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Samuel A Taylor, Ryan M Degen, Alexander E White, Moira M McCarthy, Lawrence V Gulotta, Stephen J O'Brien, Brian C Werner
BACKGROUND: Data regarding risk factors for revision surgery after superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) repair are limited to institutional series. PURPOSE: To define risk factors for revision surgery after SLAP repair among patients in a large national database. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A national insurance database was queried for patients undergoing arthroscopic SLAP repair (Current Procedural Terminology [CPT] code 29807) for the diagnosis of a SLAP tear...
June 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Dorien Borms, Inge Ackerman, Pieter Smets, Glen Van den Berge, Ann M Cools
BACKGROUND: Progressive biceps loading is recommended in the nonoperative and operative rehabilitation of biceps-related disorders. Previous researchers have proposed a continuum of exercises with low to moderate biceps loads to be used in the early and intermediate phases of rehabilitation. A progression of exercises with moderate to high biceps loads to be used in the more advanced phases of rehabilitation is lacking. PURPOSE: To describe a progression of exercises with progressive moderate to high loads on the biceps brachii (BB) based on electromyographic (EMG) analysis...
March 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
M N Haik, F Alburquerque-Sendín, R F C Moreira, E D Pires, P R Camargo
AIM: To summarise the current evidence regarding the effectiveness of physical therapy on pain, function and range of motion in individuals with subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane, Embase, Lilacs, Ibecs and Scielo databases. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating physical therapy modalities for SAPS on pain, function/disability or range of motion were included...
September 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Madis Rahu, Ivo Kolts, Elle Põldoja, Kristo Kask
PURPOSE: The literature currently contains no descriptions of the rotator cuff tendons, which also describes in relation to the presence and characteristics of the rotator cable (anatomically known as the ligamentum semicirculare humeri). The aim of the current study was to elucidate the detailed anatomy of the rotator cuff tendons in association with the rotator cable. METHODS: Anatomic dissection was performed on 21 fresh-frozen shoulder specimens with an average age of 68 years...
July 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Senthil Nathan Sambandam, Vishesh Khanna, Arif Gul, Varatharaj Mounasamy
Lesions of the rotator cuff (RC) are a common occurrence affecting millions of people across all parts of the globe. RC tears are also rampantly prevalent with an age-dependent increase in numbers. Other associated factors include a history of trauma, limb dominance, contralateral shoulder, smoking-status, hypercholesterolemia, posture and occupational dispositions. The challenge lies in early diagnosis since a high proportion of patients are asymptomatic. Pain and decreasing shoulder power and function should alert the heedful practitioner in recognizing promptly the onset or aggravation of existing RC tears...
December 18, 2015: World Journal of Orthopedics
George Davies, Bryan L Riemann, Robert Manske
As knowledge regarding rehabilitation science continues to increase, exercise programs following musculoskeletal athletic injury continue to evolve. Rehabilitation programs have drastically changed, especially in the terminal phases of rehabilitation, which include performance enhancement, development of power, and a safe return to activity. Plyometric exercise has become an integral component of late phase rehabilitation as the patient nears return to activity. Among the numerous types of available exercises, plyometrics assist in the development of power, a foundation from which the athlete can refine the skills of their sport...
November 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Mary Elizabeth Magarey, Mark Alan Jones, Chad E Cook, Michael George Hayes
AIMS: To explore the ability of a physiotherapist, using a standardised musculoskeletal physiotherapy assessment protocol, to accurately identify the structures potentially responsible for shoulder symptoms against a standardised arthroscopic shoulder diagnostic assessment, and to determine the physiotherapists' ability to influence post-test diagnostic accuracy. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive case-based cohort study. SUBJECT SELECTION: All participants were selected by two orthopaedic surgeons for arthroscopic investigation during a 6-month period...
September 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Kevin E Wilk, Leonard C Macrina, Glenn S Fleisig, Kyle T Aune, Ron A Porterfield, Paul Harker, Timothy J Evans, James R Andrews
BACKGROUND: Shoulder injuries from repetitive baseball pitching continue to be a serious, common problem. PURPOSE: To determine whether passive range of motion of the glenohumeral joint was predictive of shoulder injury or shoulder surgery in professional baseball pitchers. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: Passive range of motion of the glenohumeral joint was assessed with a bubble goniometer during spring training for all major and minor league pitchers of a single professional baseball organization over a period of 8 successive seasons (2005-2012)...
October 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Ann M J Cools, Filip Struyf, Kristof De Mey, Annelies Maenhout, Birgit Castelein, Barbara Cagnie
The scapula functions as a bridge between the shoulder complex and the cervical spine and plays a very important role in providing both mobility and stability of the neck/shoulder region. The association between abnormal scapular positions and motions and glenohumeral joint pathology has been well established in the literature, whereas studies investigating the relationship between neck pain and scapular dysfunction have only recently begun to emerge. Although several authors have emphasised the relevance of restoring normal scapular kinematics through exercise and manual therapy techniques, overall scapular rehabilitation guidelines decent for both patients with shoulder pain as well as patients with neck problems are lacking...
April 2014: British Journal of Sports Medicine
2015-07-12 03:26:19
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.