Collections Spine


MH Residency - Spine
Hyeun Sung Kim, Pang Hung Wu, Il-Tae Jang
Degenerative disc disease is a leading cause of chronic back pain in the aging population in the world. Sinuvertebral nerve and basivertebral nerve are postulated to be associated with the pain pathway as a result of neurotization. Our goal is to perform a prospective study using radiofrequency ablation on sinuvertebral nerve and basivertebral nerve; evaluating its short and long term effect on pain score, disability score and patients' outcome. A review in literature is done on the pathoanatomy, pathophysiology and pain generation pathway in degenerative disc disease and chronic back pain...
February 21, 2020: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme, Marc Olivier Martel, Anand B Joshi, Chad E Cook
In the past, rehabilitation research initiatives for low back pain (LBP) have targeted outcome enhancement through personalized treatment approaches, namely through classification systems (CS). Although the use of CS has enhanced outcomes, common management practices have not changed, the prevalence of LBP is still high, and only selected patients meet the CS profile, namely those with a nociceptive context. Similarly, although practice guidelines propose some level of organization and occasionally a timeline of care provision, each mainly provides best practice for isolated treatment approaches...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
Joshua P Halfpap, Aaron A Cho, Michael D Rosenthal
A 51-year-old man presented to a direct-access physical therapy clinic with persistent neck pain for 5 days after a fall in shallow water while surfing. Based on "dangerous mechanism of injury" from the Canadian cervical spine rule as being a high risk factor, the physical therapist ordered radiographs of the cervical spine, which were suggestive of a more serious injury. Computed tomography suggested and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed vertebral artery dissection. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2016;46(10):929...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
Cervical spine injuries are extremely common and range from relatively minor injuries, such as cervical muscle strains, to severe, life-threatening cervical fractures with spinal cord injuries. Although cervical spine injuries are most common in athletes who participate in contact and collision sports, such as American football and rugby, they also have been reported in athletes who participate in noncontact sports, such as baseball, gymnastics, and diving. Cervical spine injuries in athletes are not necessarily the result of substantial spine trauma; some athletes have chronic conditions, such as congenital stenosis, that increase their risk for a serious cervical spine injury after even minor trauma...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Lynn Babcock, Cody S Olsen, David M Jaffe, Julie C Leonard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to ascertain potential factors associated with cervical spine injuries in children injured during sports and recreational activities. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter retrospective case-control study involving children younger than 16 years who presented to emergency departments after blunt trauma and underwent cervical spine radiography. Cases had cervical spine injury from sports or recreational activities (n = 179)...
October 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Robert C Cantu, Yan Michael Li, Mohamed Abdulhamid, Lawrence S Chin
Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) resulting from sports now represent 8.9% of the total causes of SCI. Regardless of cause, there are bound to be return-to-play decisions to be made for athletes. Since catastrophic cervical spine injuries are among the most devastating injuries in all of sports, returning from a cervical spine injury is one of the most difficult decisions in sports medicine. Axial loading is the primary mechanism for catastrophic cervical spine injuries. Axial loading occurs as a result of intentional or unintentional head-down contact and spearing...
2013: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Philip Huang, Alireza Anissipour, William McGee, Lawrence Lemak
CONTEXT: Currently, there is a national focus on establishing and disseminating standardized guidelines for return to play for athletes at all levels of competition. As more data become available, protocols and guidelines are being refined and implemented to assist physicians, coaches, trainers, players, and parents in making decisions about return to play. To date, no standardized criteria for returning to play exist for injuries to the spine. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases including PubMed and MEDLINE and professional orthopaedic, neurosurgical, and spine organizational websites were reviewed between 1980 and 2015...
2016: Sports Health
Irene Toh, Hwei-Chi Chong, Jennifer Suet-Ching Liaw, Yong-Hao Pua
Study Design Prospective cohort study. Background Optimal management of patients with low back pain (LBP) relies on accurate prognosis of future clinical outcomes. The STarT Back Screening Tool (SBT), a prognostic index developed and validated in the primary care setting, has 3 scoring measures: SBT overall, psychosocial, and categorical scores. Objective Our study aimed to compare the predictive validity of 3 SBT measures with future pain intensity in patients receiving physical therapy for LBP. Methods Two hundred seven patients with LBP receiving physical therapy completed the SBT at initial (baseline) evaluation and were evaluated 12 weeks later for their pain intensity...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Christoph Mickel, Elena Szilvas, Michael Keiner, Andre Sander
Over the last two decades, exercise of the core muscles has gained major interest in professional sports. Research has focused on injury prevention and increasing athletic performance. We analyzed the guidelines for so-called functional strength training for back pain prevention and found that programs were similar to those for back pain rehabilitation; even the arguments were identical. Surprisingly, most exercise specifications have neither been tested for their effectiveness nor compared with the load specifications normally used for strength training...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
Ben Darlow, Peter B O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Ram Haddas, C Roger James, Troy L Hooper
CONTEXT: Low back pain and lower extremity injuries affect athletes of all ages. Previous authors have linked a history of low back pain with lower extremity injuries. Fatigue is a risk factor for lower extremity injuries, some of which are known to affect female athletes more often than their male counterparts. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of lower extremity fatigue and sex on knee mechanics, neuromuscular control, and ground reaction force during landing in people with recurrent low back pain (LBP)...
April 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Andrew T Trout, Susan E Sharp, Christopher G Anton, Michael J Gelfand, Charles T Mehlman
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) is ideally suited for assessment of low back pain in children and young adults. Spondylolysis is one of the most common structural causes of low back pain and is readily identified and characterized in terms of its chronicity and likelihood to heal. The value of SPECT/CT extends to identification and characterization of other causes of low back pain, including abnormalities of the posterior elements, developing vertebral endplate, transverse processes, and sacrum and sacroiliac joint...
2015: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Brian S Foley, Ralph M Buschbacher
The sacroiliac joint is an underappreciated cause of low back and buttock pain. It is thought to cause at least 15% of low back pain. It is more common in the presence of trauma, pregnancy, or in certain athletes. The pelvic anatomy is complex, with the joint space being variable and irregular. The joint transmits vertical forces from the spine to the lower extremities and has a role in lumbopelvic dynamic motion. History and physical examination findings can be helpful in screening for sacroiliac joint pain, but individual provocative maneuvers have unproven validity...
December 2006: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Timothy L Miller, Nathan Cass, Courtney Siegel
Ankylosing spondylitis is a disease in which inflammation of joints, most often in the axial skeleton, can lead to reactive fibrosis and eventual joint fusion with associated immobility and kyphosis. The disease often involves extra-articular features, such as uveitis and aortic regurgitation, as well as associated inflammatory conditions of the intestines. Its etiology is unknown. Ankylosing spondylitis most commonly presents in young males (15-30 years old) as persistent low back pain and stiffness that is worse in the morning and at night and improves with activity...
February 2014: Orthopedics
Jonathan Sylvain, Michael P Reiman
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the clinical reasoning process involved with the differential diagnosis and management of a 69 year-old male runner reporting a six month history of insidious onset of left sided low back and buttock pain of low to medium degree of irritability. The case presented describes the utilization of clinical reasoning by a clinician in fellowship training when a patient with atypical adverse neurodynamic dysfunction related to running was encountered...
April 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Daniel W Vaughn
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: A number of pain referral patterns for sacroiliac dysfunction have been reported in the literature. However, very little has been written about pain localized to the knee joint for cases involving sacroiliac dysfunction. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old female runner was self-referred to physical therapy for medial knee pain of 4(1/2) weeks' duration without a significant onset event. The pain completely curtailed her training for the Boston Marathon...
October 2008: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Ralph F Rashbaum, Donna D Ohnmeiss, Emily M Lindley, Scott H Kitchel, Vikas V Patel
The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) as a source of symptoms has been controversial; however, as knowledge about the joint increased, its role as a pain generator in patients complaining of symptoms that are often attributed to spinal pathology has become better appreciated. The literature reports that the SIJ is the pain origin in as many as 30% of patients presenting with low back pain. Clinically, the SIJ can be challenging to evaluate; however, assessing pain location, patient posture/movement, and provocative manual testing are useful in making the presumptive diagnosis of SIJ disruption...
March 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] We investigated the effects of individual strengthening exercises for subdivisions of the gluteus medius in a patient with sacroiliac joint pain. [Subject] A 32 year-old female who complained of pain in the posterior area of the left iliac crest and sacroiliac joints over a period of 6 months was the subject of this study. [Methods] She performed individual strengthening exercises for subdivisions of the gluteus medius over 3 weeks. Pain-provocation tests and VAS scores were evaluated before and after the intervention...
September 2014: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Steven P Cohen, Yian Chen, Nathan J Neufeld
Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain is an underappreciated source of mechanical low back pain, affecting between 15 and 30% of individuals with chronic, nonradicular pain. Predisposing factors for SIJ pain include true and apparent leg length discrepancy, older age, inflammatory arthritis, previous spine surgery, pregnancy and trauma. Compared with facet-mediated and discogenic low back pain, individuals with SIJ pain are more likely to report a specific inciting event, and experience unilateral pain below L5. Owing in part to its size and heterogeneity, the pain referral patterns of the SIJ are extremely variable...
January 2013: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Divya Bharatkumar Adhia, Stephan Milosavljevic, Steve Tumilty, Melanie D Bussey
BACKGROUND: Innominate kinematic anomalies resulting in low back pain (LBP) of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) origin (SIJ-positive), has always been a topic of contention, owing to difficultly in its evaluation. Recent technique of electromagnetic palpation-digitization has been able to accurately quantify innominate kinematics in healthy individuals. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine if participants with LBP of SIJ origin (SIJ-positive) demonstrate significantly different innominate kinematics than participants with LBP of non-SIJ origin (SIJ-negative)...
February 2016: Manual Therapy
2016-05-21 17:24:53
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