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Pregnancy & Fertility

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3 papers 25 to 100 followers MH Residency - Pregnancy and Fertility
Suzanne Hagen, Diane Stark, Cathryn Glazener, Sylvia Dickson, Sarah Barry, Andrew Elders, Helena Frawley, Mary P Galea, Janet Logan, Alison McDonald, Gladys McPherson, Kate H Moore, John Norrie, Andrew Walker, Don Wilson
BACKGROUND: Pelvic organ prolapse is common and is strongly associated with childbirth and increasing age. Women with prolapse are often advised to do pelvic floor muscle exercises, but evidence supporting the benefits of such exercises is scarce. We aimed to establish the effectiveness of one-to-one individualised pelvic floor muscle training for reducing prolapse symptoms. METHODS: We did a parallel-group, multicentre, randomised controlled trial at 23 centres in the UK, one in New Zealand, and one in Australia, between June 22, 2007, and April 9, 2010...
March 1, 2014: Lancet
Ana Paula Ribeiro, Sílvia Maria Amado João, Isabel Camargo Neves Sacco
The purpose of this literature review is to evaluate the studies that have investigated static and dynamic biomechanical changes of the lower limbs and gait patterns during pregnancy. Original articles on this subject, published between 1934 and 2012, were considered. In general, pregnant women demonstrated greater hip flexion, more extended knees and less plantar flexion ankles. These changes could explain the gait patterns of pregnant women characterized by increased hip angles, decreased propulsion forces associated with increased durations of stance phase and changes in distributions of the plantar loads with increased loads in the forefoot and decreased ones in the rearfoot...
January 2013: Women's Health
Birinder S Cheema, Lisa Vizza, Soji Swaraj
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder and cause of subfertility in women. The etiology of PCOS has not been fully elucidated; however, insulin resistance has been shown to exacerbate the disease process due to its effect on androgen synthesis. Progressive resistance training (PRT) is an anabolic exercise modality that can improve skeletal muscle size and quality (metabolic capacity), and studies have consistently shown that PRT can increase insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes and other cohorts...
September 2014: Sports Medicine
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