Madeline Grosklos, Cara L Lewis, Kate Jochimsen, Jennifer Perry, Thomas J Ellis, William K Vasileff, Megan Elwood, Stephanie Di Stasi
BACKGROUND: Hip-related pain describes femoroacetabular impingement syndrome, acetabular dysplasia, and other hip pain conditions without clear morphological features. Movement strategies in this population, notably sex-related patterns, are poorly understood and may provide insights into why females report more pain and worse function. This study examined the sex-related differences during a drop vertical jump task between those with hip-related pain and healthy controls. METHODS: Patients with hip-related pain and healthy controls completed five repetitions of a drop jump while their kinematics and kinetics were recorded using a motion capture system and force plates...
December 2022: Clinical Biomechanics
Tobias Alt, Tilman Roos, Kevin Nolte, Dominik Modenbach, Axel J Knicker, Thomas Jaitner
BACKGROUND: The Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) is commonly implemented to selectively improve eccentric knee-flexor strength. However, the standard version of the exercise (leveled shanks, extended hip joint) is too strenuous for most individuals, whose muscle activity rapidly decreases at extended knee angles. Hitherto, a gradual approach to the exercise has been missing. In this exploratory case study, we investigated elite performance to introduce a stepwise progression to the NHE...
April 1, 2023: Journal of Athletic Training
Karadi Hari Sunil Kumar, Jaikirty Rawal, Naoki Nakano, André Sarmento, Vikas Khanduja
PURPOSE: Recent advances in diagnostic imaging techniques and soft tissue endoscopy now allow for precise diagnosis and management of extra-articular hip pathology. The aim of this scoping review is to present an evidence-based update of the relevant literature focussing only on the pathoanatomy, clinical assessment and the diagnosis of pathology in the peritrochanteric space. METHODS: A literature search was performed on PubMed to include articles which reported on the anatomy and diagnosis of greater trochanteric pain syndrome, trochanteric bursitis, gluteus medius tears and external snapping hip syndrome...
August 2021: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Michael B Gerhardt, Sean Robinson
Intra-articular injections are commonly used in the treatment algorithm for osteoarthritis of the hip. A number of different adjuvants can be used, such as corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, and platelet-rich plasma, but there is no consensus regarding indications for or anticipated outcomes of each of these interventions. Recent data suggest that corticosteroids provide the best relief in the short term whereas platelet-rich plasma may be more beneficial in the mid term, but the results are variable. Ultimately, more rigorous studies are needed to evaluate these adjuvants, in particular biologics, while remaining fastidious with our indications for injection therapy...
May 2020: Arthroscopy
Masahiko Haneda, Muhammad Farooq Rai, Regis J O'Keefe, Robert H Brophy, John C Clohisy, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been proposed as an etiologic factor in up to 50% of hips with osteoarthritis (OA). Inflammation is thought to be one of the main initiators of OA, yet little is known about the origin of intra-articular inflammation in FAI hips. HYPOTHESIS: Articular cartilage from the impingement zone of patients with FAI has high levels of inflammation, reflecting initial inflammatory process in the hip. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
June 2020: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, David E Hartigan, John D Spencer, Itay Perets, Ajay C Lall, Benjamin G Domb
PURPOSE: To elucidate the effect, if any, of acetabular chondral defect size on surgical outcomes after arthroscopic microfracture was performed with concomitant treatment for labral tears and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome. METHODS: The study period was between February 2008 and November 2014. Data were collected on patients who underwent hip arthroscopy. The inclusion criteria were acetabular microfracture; concomitant treatment for labral tears and FAI syndrome; and preoperative modified Harris Hip Score, Nonarthritic Hip Score, Hip Outcome Score-Sports Specific Subscale, and visual analog scale...
July 2019: Arthroscopy
Masayoshi Saito, Hajime Utsunomiya, Akihisa Hatakeyama, Hirotaka Nakashima, Haruki Nishimura, Dean K Matsuda, Akinori Sakai, Soshi Uchida
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of knowledge regarding the correlation between femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and osteitis pubis (OP) among symptomatic soccer players. PURPOSE: To elucidate whether arthroscopic FAI correction is effective for young competitive soccer players with FAI combined with OP or perisymphyseal pubic bone marrow edema (BME). STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: A total of 577 consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic FAI correction were retrospectively reviewed with a minimum 2-year follow-up...
February 2019: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Nabil Mehta, Peter Chamberlin, Robert G Marx, Chisa Hidaka, Yile Ge, Danyal H Nawabi, Stephen Lyman
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy has emerged as a successful option for the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement and related hip disorders, but the procedure is technically challenging. PURPOSE: To define the learning curve through which surgeons become proficient at hip arthroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; level of evidence, 3. METHODS: The authors identified hip arthroscopy procedures performed by surgeons through a New York State database (Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System) and followed those cases for additional hip surgery (total hip arthroplasty, hip resurfacing, or ipsilateral hip arthroscopy) within 5 years of the original procedure...
May 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Cale A Jacobs, Michael R Peabody, Stephen T Duncan, Ryan D Muchow, Ryan M Nunley, John C Clohisy, Paul E Beaule, Young Jo Kim, Michael B Millis, David A Podeszwa, Perry L Schoenecker, Rafael J Sierra, Ernest L Sink, Daniel J Sucato, Robert T Trousdale, Ira Zaltz
BACKGROUND: The creation of a single patient-reported outcome (PRO) platform validated across hip preservation, osteoarthritis (OA), and total hip arthroplasty (THA) populations may reduce barriers and streamline the routine collection of PROs in clinical practice. As such, the purpose of this study was to determine if augmenting the Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score-Joint Replacement (HOOS, JR) with additional HOOS questions would result in a PRO platform that could be used across a wider spectrum of hip patient populations...
March 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jason J Shin, Chris L McCrum, Craig S Mauro, Dharmesh Vyas
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is often associated with significant postoperative pain and opioid-associated side effects. Effective pain management after hip arthroscopy improves patient recovery and satisfaction and decreases opioid-related complications. PURPOSE: To collect, examine, and provide a comprehensive review of the available evidence from randomized controlled trials and comparative studies on pain control after hip arthroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
November 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Aaron J Krych, Alexander H King, Rebecca L Berardelli, Paul L Sousa, Bruce A Levy
BACKGROUND: The outcome for arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can worsen with increasing arthritis. However, there remains a subset of hips with relatively maintained joint space but with acetabular subchondral edema and cystic change with unknown outcome on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). PURPOSE: (1) To correlate MRI findings of subchondral acetabular edema/cystic change with arthroscopy grading of articular cartilage and (2) to determine whether postoperative outcome was worse for patients with subchondral edema/cystic change compared with a matched control group...
February 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Curtis VandenBerg, Eileen A Crawford, Elizabeth Sibilsky Enselman, Christopher B Robbins, Edward M Wojtys, Asheesh Bedi
PURPOSE: The primary purpose was to compare ipsilateral hip internal rotation (IR) in male and female athletes with or without an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. A secondary purpose was to compare radiographic markers of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in patients with or without an ACL tear. METHODS: In this prospective case-control study, based on a power analysis, a convenience sample of 25 ACL-injured and 25 control patients matched by age and gender were examined over 14 months...
February 2017: Arthroscopy
Signe Kierkegaard, Martin Langeskov-Christensen, Bent Lund, Florian D Naal, Inger Mechlenburg, Ulrik Dalgas, Nicola C Casartelli
AIM: To investigate pain, activities of daily living (ADL) function, sport function, quality of life and satisfaction at different time points after hip arthroscopy in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. Weighted mean differences between preoperative and postoperative outcomes were calculated and used for meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: EMBASE, MEDLINE, SportsDiscus, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and PEDro...
April 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Moin Khan, Anthony Habib, Darren de Sa, Christopher M Larson, Bryan T Kelly, Mohit Bhandari, Olufemi R Ayeni, Asheesh Bedi
PURPOSE: To provide a comprehensive review and summary of the research published in Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery and The American Journal of Sports Medicine (AJSM) related to hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). METHODS: A comprehensive review was conducted in duplicate of Arthroscopy and AJSM from February 2012 to February 2015 for all articles related to FAI, and a quality assessment was completed for all included studies...
January 2016: Arthroscopy
G E R Thomas, A J R Palmer, R N Batra, A Kiran, D Hart, T Spector, M K Javaid, A Judge, D W Murray, A J Carr, N K Arden, S Glyn-Jones
OBJECTIVE: Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) and Acetabular Dysplasia are common deformities, which have been implicated as a major cause of hip osteoarthritis (OA). We examined whether these subtle deformities of the hip are associated with the development of radiographic OA and total hip replacement (THR) in women. DESIGN: A population-based, longitudinal cohort of 1003 women underwent pelvis radiographs at years 2 and 20. Alpha Angle, Triangular Index Height, Lateral Centre Edge (LCE) angle and Extrusion Index were measured...
October 2014: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Jeffrey J Nepple, Peter Goljan, Karen K Briggs, Sean E Garvey, Mark Ryan, Marc J Philippon
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of hip strength deficits in a consecutive cohort of patients with unilateral femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) compared with the asymptomatic contralateral hip. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for symptomatic FAI underwent preoperative hip strength dynamometer measurements and were included in the study. Manual isometric hip strength measurements were performed with a handheld dynamometer and included measurements of various hip strengths (flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, internal rotation, and external rotation)...
November 2015: Arthroscopy
Paul E Beaulé, Andrew D Speirs, Helen Anwander, Gerd Melkus, Kawan Rakhra, Hanspeter Frei, Mario Lamontagne
BACKGROUND: Cam morphology in association with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a recognized cause of hip pain and cartilage damage and proposed as a leading cause of arthritis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the functional and biomechanical effects of the surgical correction of the cam deformity on the degenerative process associated with FAI. METHODS: Ten male patients with a mean age of 34.3 years (range, 23.1 to 46.5 years) and a mean body mass index (and standard deviation) of 26...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
David Whiteside, Jessica M Deneweth, Asheesh Bedi, Ronald F Zernicke, Grant C Goulet
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is particularly prevalent in ice hockey. The butterfly goalie technique is thought to involve extreme ranges of hip motion that may predispose goaltenders to FAI. PURPOSE: To quantify hip mechanics during 3 common goaltender movements and interpret their relevance to the development of FAI. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: Fourteen collegiate and professional goaltenders performed skating, butterfly save, and recovery movements on the ice...
July 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Geoffrey D Abrams, Ayala Luria, Joshua Sampson, Rachel A Madding, William H Robinson, Marc R Safran, Jeremy Sokolove
PURPOSE: To compare the inflammatory profile of hip synovial tissue in those with atraumatic microinstability to patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). METHODS: Patients with cam and mixed-type FAI (FAI group) and patients with hip instability underwent sampling of the anterolateral synovium. Demographic data, intraoperative measurements, and functional outcome scores (International Hip Outcomes Tool and Short Form-12) were recorded. Cryosections were stained and examined under light microscopy as well as confocal fluorescent microscopy for anti-CD45 (common leukocyte antigen), anti-CD31 (endothelial), and anti-CD68 (macrophage) cell surface markers...
March 2017: Arthroscopy
Sandip P Tarpada, Steven J Girdler, Matthew T Morris
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a relatively common malady that has profound consequences in the infant if left untreated. Effective and early treatment of DDH has been praised as one of the most successful ventures of modern pediatric orthopedics. Yet, before the modern management of DDH came into existence, there were extensive technological developments in the field of harnesses, casts, and traction methods. This paper aims to identify the centuries-old history of advancement in DDH treatment and the many important people involved...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
2017-06-03 15:58:51
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