Read by QxMD icon Read

Pelvic exam

shared collection
22 papers 100 to 500 followers Questioning Medicine Podcast discussion material
By Joe Weatherly FM/Hospitalist-CoFounder of QuestioningMedicine and PCRAP contributor.
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Amir Qaseem, Linda L Humphrey, Russell Harris, Melissa Starkey, Thomas D Denberg
DESCRIPTION: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on the utility of screening pelvic examination for the detection of pathology in asymptomatic, nonpregnant, adult women. METHODS: This guideline is based on a systematic review of the published literature in the English language from 1946 through January 2014 identified using MEDLINE and hand-searching. Evaluated outcomes include morbidity; mortality; and harms, including overdiagnosis, overtreatment, diagnostic procedure-related harms, fear, anxiety, embarrassment, pain, and discomfort...
July 1, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Hanna E Bloomfield, Andrew Olson, Nancy Greer, Amy Cantor, Roderick MacDonald, Indulis Rutks, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Pelvic examination is often included in well-woman visits even when cervical cancer screening is not required. PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, benefits, and harms of pelvic examination in asymptomatic, nonpregnant, average-risk adult women. Cervical cancer screening was not included. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and Cochrane databases through January 2014 and reference lists from identified studies. STUDY SELECTION: 52 English-language studies, 32 of which included primary data...
July 1, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
C A Dilaveri, J H Szostek, A T Wang, D A Cook
BACKGROUND: Breast and pelvic examinations are challenging intimate examinations. Technology-based simulation may help to overcome these challenges. OBJECTIVE: To synthesise the evidence regarding the effectiveness of technology-based simulation training for breast and pelvic examination. SEARCH STRATEGY: Our systematic search included MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Scopus, and key journals and review articles; the date of the last search was January 2012...
September 2013: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Robert P Kauffman, Stephen J Griffin, Jon D Lund, Paul E Tullar
The development of a screening test for cervical dysplasia has been a major force in diminishing the worldwide incidence of invasive cervical cancer. Screening intervals recommended by professional organizations have changed over the past half century. Recognition of the human papillomavirus (HPV) as the causative agent and enhanced understanding of the natural history of HPV and cervical dysplasia in different age groups have prompted the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and other professional societies to defer Pap smear screening to intervals no less than 2 years apart in women 21-29, and every 3 years in women 30 and over assuming no prior history of cervical dysplasia...
2013: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Jillian T Henderson, Cynthia C Harper, Sarah Gutin, Mona Saraiya, Jocelyn Chapman, George F Sawaya
OBJECTIVE: Less-than-annual cervical cancer screening is now recommended for most US women, raising questions about the need for routine annual bimanual pelvic examinations. Little is known about clinicians' bimanual pelvic examination practices, their beliefs about its importance, or the reasoning underlying its performance in asymptomatic women. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a nationwide survey of US obstetrician-gynecologists. Respondents (n = 521) reported their examination practices and beliefs based on vignettes for asymptomatic women across the lifespan...
February 2013: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Naomi K Tepper, Kathryn M Curtis, Maria W Steenland, Polly A Marchbanks
BACKGROUND: Provision of contraception is often linked with physical examination, including clinical breast examination (CBE) and pelvic examination. This review was conducted to evaluate the evidence regarding outcomes among women with and without physical examination prior to initiating hormonal contraceptives. STUDY DESIGN: The PubMed database was searched from database inception through March 2012 for all peer-reviewed articles in any language concerning CBE and pelvic examination prior to initiating hormonal contraceptives...
May 2013: Contraception
Heidi E Jones, Karen Brudney, Dorothy J Sawo, Rafael Lantigua, Carolyn L Westhoff
BACKGROUND: A simpler approach to cervical cancer screening could increase coverage, thus reducing cervical cancer mortality in the United States. Self-collection of specimens for screening tests may be one such approach. The aim of this study was to assess the acceptability of a self-lavaging device (Delphi Screener(™), Scherpenzeel, The Netherlands) for cervical cancer screening. Self-lavage specimens have been shown to have equivalent sensitivity for detection of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) when coupled with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) tests as clinician-collected specimens with cytologic review...
December 2012: Journal of Women's Health
Analía Romina Stormo, Crystale Purvis Cooper, Nikki A Hawkins, Mona Saraiya
OBJECTIVE: To examine physicians' beliefs about the pelvic examination and identify physician characteristics associated with routine use of this procedure in the United States. METHODS: A total of 1250 United States family/general practitioners, internists, and obstetrician/gynecologists who participated in the 2009 DocStyles survey completed questions on beliefs regarding the utility of routine pelvic examinations for cancer screening. The survey also asked participants how often they performed this procedure as part of a well-woman exam, to screen for ovarian and other gynecologic cancers, to screen for sexually transmitted infections, and as a prerequisite for prescribing hormonal contraception...
June 2012: Preventive Medicine
George F Sawaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2011: Archives of Internal Medicine
Sarah Feldman
Over the past 60 years, U.S. mortality from cervical cancer has dropped by 70%, thanks to a successful screening program. In 1995, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)recommended screening with the Papanicolaou (Pap) smear and pelvic examination at the initiation of sexual..
December 8, 2011: New England Journal of Medicine
Oliver Dorigo, Jonathan S Berek
Screening trials for the early detection of ovarian cancer in the general population and in patients at a high risk for this disease have so far failed to show a reduction of ovarian cancer-specific mortality. Current screening modalities include pelvic examinations, transvaginal ultrasounds, and cancer antigen 125 (CA125) serum marker levels, which are associated with a high false-positive rate. The last decade has witnessed significant modifications in the interpretation of serum CA125 that extend beyond a static CA125 cutoff point...
September 2011: Cancer Prevention Research
Carol K Bates, Nina Carroll, Jennifer Potter
While there is a large body of evidence on the effectiveness of Pap smears for cervical cancer screening and on screening for cervical gonorrhea and Chlamydia, there is sparse evidence to support other portions of the pelvic examination and little guidance on examination logistics. Maximizing comfort should be the goal; lubrication use and careful speculum selection and insertion can ease this intrusive procedure. This is particularly important in adolescent and menopausal women, sexual minorities, obese women, women with disabilities, and women with a history of trauma or prior instrumentation affecting the genitalia...
June 2011: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Carolyn L Westhoff, Heidi E Jones, Maryam Guiahi
Routine pelvic examinations are the core of the periodic gynecological examination and widely tolerated as a necessary part of health maintenance. Is this examination beneficial for asymptomatic women? Justifications for the pelvic examination include screening for Chlamydia (or gonorrhea) infection, evaluation before initiation of hormonal contraception, screening for cervical cancer, and early detection of ovarian cancer. Current nucleic acid amplification tests for Chlamydia and gonorrhea permit the use of urine and self-administered vaginal swabs, which most women prefer over a pelvic examination...
January 2011: Journal of Women's Health
Yi Man Lee, Anil Samaranayake, Christopher K Fairley, Marcus Y Chen, Fiona MacFarlane, Catriona S Bradshaw, Jane S Hocking
The present study aimed to determine whether pelvic examinations change clinical management of women with asymptomatic chlamydia infection. Records for women with asymptomatic chlamydia who underwent a pelvic examination at a sexual health clinic in Melbourne, Australia (January 2006 to June 2007) were analysed retrospectively. Of 91 cases, 31 (34%) warranted examination; one woman (1%; 95% confidence interval: 0.5%, 6.4%) had muco-purulent cervicitis and mild tenderness, and was treated for possible pelvic inflammatory disease...
December 2010: Sexual Health
John O Schorge, Susan C Modesitt, Robert L Coleman, David E Cohn, Noah D Kauff, Linda R Duska, Thomas J Herzog
Ovarian cancer is a heterogeneous, rapidly progressive, highly lethal disease of low prevalence. The etiology remains poorly understood. Numerous risk factors have been identified, the most prominent involving an inherited predisposition in 10% of cases. Women with germline mutations associated with Hereditary Breast/Ovarian Cancer and Lynch syndromes have dramatically elevated risks (up to 46% and 12%, respectively). Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy is the best method to prevent ovarian cancer in these high-risk women...
October 2010: Gynecologic Oncology
Perry J Pickhardt, Meghan E Hanson
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence, work-up, and outcomes of indeterminate adnexal masses identified at low-dose unenhanced computed tomography (CT) in asymptomatic women age 50 and older undergoing colonography screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA compliant. Informed consent was waived. The fate of indeterminate adnexal lesions identified at unenhanced CT in 2869 consecutive women (mean age, 57.2 years; age range, 50-97 years) undergoing colonography screening between April 2004 and December 2008 was evaluated...
October 2010: Radiology
Nicole Berwald, Susan Cheng, Michael Augenbraun, Khaled Abu-Lawi, Michael Lucchesi, Shahriar Zehtabchi
BACKGROUND: Screening for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the emergency department (ED) is limited by the need for pelvic examination. It has been suggested that using self-administered vaginal swabs (SAVS) for this purpose may save time and resources and may be more comfortable for patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to test the feasibility of using SAVS for STI screening in the ED. METHODS: This was a prospective study of female ED patients 18 to 55 years old who consented to physician-assisted cervical swab (PACS) and SAVS in two urban teaching hospitals...
April 2009: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Haim A Abenhaim, Linda Titus-Ernstoff, Daniel W Cramer
BACKGROUND: Whether the current recommendations for ovarian cancer prevention and screening (annual history and physical examination) are effective has not been evaluated. We examined the relation between health care use and the risk of ovarian cancer. METHODS: Using a case-control study design, we recorded the frequency of medical visits and pelvic examinations and the type of health care provider visited during a 5-year period from interviews with women with and without ovarian cancer between between July 1998 and July 2003...
March 27, 2007: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Michelle Serlin, Mary-Ann Shafer, Kathleen Tebb, Afua-Adoma Gyamfi, Jeanne Moncada, Julius Schachter, Charles Wibbelsman
OBJECTIVE: To assess sexually active adolescents' attitudes toward 3 screening collection techniques for detection of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis using first-void urine (FVU), self-collected vaginal swab specimens, and pelvic examination with clinician-collected endocervical swab specimens. DESIGN: Participants completed a preexamination health survey, provided FVU and self-collected vaginal swab samples, and had a pelvic examination with endocervical swab specimen collection...
June 2002: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
2014-07-04 15:53:36
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"