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Autoimmune Disease Pregnancy

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9 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Chad Klauser Maternal Fetal Medicine physician in NYC
Guilherme Ramires de Jesus, Claudia Mendoza-Pinto, Nilson Ramires de Jesus, Flávia Cunha Dos Santos, Evandro Mendes Klumb, Mario García Carrasco, Roger Abramino Levy
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, multisystemic autoimmune disease that occurs predominantly in women of fertile age. The association of SLE and pregnancy, mainly with active disease and especially with nephritis, has poorer pregnancy outcomes, with increased frequency of preeclampsia, fetal loss, prematurity, growth restriction, and newborns small for gestational age. Therefore, SLE pregnancies are considered high risk condition, should be monitored frequently during pregnancy and delivery should occur in a controlled setting...
2015: Autoimmune Diseases
Balambal Bharti, Susan J Lee, Suzanne P Lindsay, Deborah L Wingard, Kenneth L Jones, Hector Lemus, Christina D Chambers
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease severity on pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with and without autoimmune diseases. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted using the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists Autoimmune Diseases in Pregnancy Project. Pregnant women with RA enrolled between 2005 and 2013 were selected if they (1) delivered a live-born singleton infant; and (2) completed 3 telephone-based measures of RA disease severity prior to 20 weeks' gestation, including the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), pain score, and patient's global scale...
August 2015: Journal of Rheumatology
Cheryl K Roth, Sarah Dent, Kyle McDevitt
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease and is the most common disorder of neuromuscular transmission. MG is caused by a defect in the transmission of nerve impulses to muscles in which communication from nerves to muscles is interrupted at the neuromuscular junction. This interruption can cause significant impact to muscle functions, which can have serious consequences for a pregnant woman, especially during labor. This brief article, which is meant to be used as an easy-reference tool in the clinical setting, examines the disease process and its effect on the antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum periods...
June 2015: Nursing for Women's Health
Zachary S Bowman, Vera Wünsche, T Flint Porter, Robert M Silver, D Ware Branch
The reported prevalence of antiphospholipid antibodies in women with a chief complaint of pregnancy loss varies, as does the risk of adverse outcomes in subsequent pregnancies. Our objectives were to assess the prevalence of antiphospholipid antibodies meeting revised Sapporo thresholds among women presenting with a chief complaint of pregnancy loss and risks in subsequent pregnancies for these women. We examined a retrospective cohort of patients presenting with a chief complaint of pregnancy loss between 2003 and 2012...
February 2015: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Megan L Krause, Shreyasee Amin, Ashima Makol
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of synovial joints, can lead to chronic pain and structural joint damage, as well as other organ involvement, especially if not adequately controlled. Because it can affect women in their reproductive years, care of pregnant women with RA requires a delicate balance of maintaining disease control while limiting potential toxicity to the fetus and neonate. While most women experience a substantial improvement in disease activity during pregnancy, for some women their RA remains active...
October 2014: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
Nathalie Bleau, Valerie Patenaude, Haim A Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of autoimmune disease on the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) including deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in pregnant women. METHODS: Using the Health Care Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2003 to 2011, the risk of developing DVT, PE, and VTE among pregnant patients with selected autoimmune diseases was estimated using unconditional logistic regression analysis...
April 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Molly Thabah, Vinod Ravindran
Physiological changes during normal pregnancy are likely to give rise to musculoskeletal symptoms. On the other hand, autoimmune rheumatological diseases disproportionately affect women, often presenting during the childbearing years and sometimes during pregnancy. Contrary to autoimmune rheumatological diseases, the management of non-autoimmune musculoskeletal manifestations is generally conservative and often tends to resolve after pregnancy. It is therefore important to be aware of various musculoskeletal problems seen in the course of pregnancy...
April 2015: Rheumatology International
Maria Gerosa, Pier Luigi Meroni, Rolando Cimaz
INTRODUCTION: In the past two decades, the number of women with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases experiencing a pregnancy has significantly increased in parallel with the enormous advances in the diagnosis and management of these disorders. However, information regarding the safety of immunosuppressive agents comes from case reports and case series and no controlled trials are available. AREAS COVERED: We performed a review of the literature using MEDLINE. The term 'pregnancy' was searched in combination with all the principal immunomodulant/immunosuppressive drugs used in rheumatic diseases...
December 2014: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Vicky Hadid, Valerie Patenaude, Lisa Oddy, Haim A Abenhaim
OBJECTIVES: Data on sarcoidosis in pregnancy is sparse and limited to a few case reports and series. Our aim is to determine the prevalence of sarcoidosis at delivery, and related maternal and newborn outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Using the United States Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample (HCUP-NIS) from 2003 to 2010, we conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study to compare women with and without sarcoidosis at delivery. We calculated the prevalence of sarcoidosis in pregnancy and used logistic regression analyses to estimate the associated risks of maternal and neonatal outcomes...
March 2015: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
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