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One Health

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Elisabet Marti, Eleni Variatza, Jose Luis Balcazar
Although antibiotic resistance has become a major threat to human health worldwide, this phenomenon has been largely overlooked in studies in environmental settings. Aquatic environments may provide an ideal setting for the acquisition and dissemination of antibiotic resistance, because they are frequently impacted by anthropogenic activities. This review focuses primarily on the emergence and dissemination of antibiotic resistance in the aquatic environment, with a special emphasis on the role of antibiotic resistance genes...
January 2014: Trends in Microbiology
Elizabeth Jane Parmley, Katarina Pintar, Shannon Majowicz, Brent Avery, Angela Cook, Cassandra Jokinen, Vic Gannon, David R Lapen, Ed Topp, Tom A Edge, Matthew Gilmour, Frank Pollari, Richard Reid-Smith, Rebecca Irwin
Most bacterial pathogens associated with human enteric illness have zoonotic origins and can be transmitted directly from animals to people or indirectly through food and water. This multitude of potential exposure routes and sources makes the epidemiology of these infectious agents complex. To better understand these illnesses and identify solutions to reduce human disease, an integrative approach like One Health is needed. This article considers the issue of Salmonella in Canada and interprets data collected by several Canadian surveillance and research programs...
September 2013: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Min Tao Wan, Chin Cheng Chou
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a potential zoonotic agent. Municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) can be reservoirs for MRSA dissemination. It is unclear, however, whether MRSA and its β-lactam resistance gene (mecA) can be spread from WWTPs that treat the wastewater of swine auction markets. The aims of the study were to compare (1) the abundance of the mecA gene in one municipal (M-) and one swine (S-) WWTP and (2) the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of MRSA isolates from these two types of WWTPs...
November 1, 2014: Water Research
Deborah Middleton, Jackie Pallister, Reuben Klein, Yan-Ru Feng, Jessica Haining, Rachel Arkinstall, Leah Frazer, Jin-An Huang, Nigel Edwards, Mark Wareing, Martin Elhay, Zia Hashmi, John Bingham, Manabu Yamada, Dayna Johnson, John White, Adam Foord, Hans G Heine, Glenn A Marsh, Christopher C Broder, Lin-Fa Wang
In recent years, the emergence of several highly pathogenic zoonotic diseases in humans has led to a renewed emphasis on the interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health, otherwise known as One Health. For example, Hendra virus (HeV), a zoonotic paramyxovirus, was discovered in 1994, and since then, infections have occurred in 7 humans, each of whom had a strong epidemiologic link to similarly affected horses. As a consequence of these outbreaks, eradication of bat populations was discussed, despite their crucial environmental roles in pollination and reduction of the insect population...
March 2014: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Dimitra Sifaki-Pistola, Pantelis Ntais, Vasiliki Christodoulou, Apostolos Mazeris, Maria Antoniou
Climatic, environmental, and demographic changes favor the emergence of neglected vector-borne diseases like leishmaniasis, which is spreading through dogs, the principle host of the protozoan Leishmania infantum. Surveillance of the disease in dogs is important, because the number of infected animals in an area determines the local risk of human infection. However, dog epidemiological studies are costly. Our aim was to evaluate the Emerging Diseases in a Changing European Environment (EDEN) veterinary questionnaire as a cost-effective tool in providing reliable, spatially explicit indicators of canine leishmaniasis prevalence...
August 2014: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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