Bruce J Moeller, Angus M Jameson, Johnathon Elkes, Michael Lozano
Background: National guidelines recommend that high-performing systems process 9-1-1 calls within 60 s and deliver the first telecommunicator cardiopulmonary resuscitation compression within 90 s. The inability of systems employing secondary public safety answering points (PSAPs) to capture the call arrival timestamp at the primary PSAP is a challenge in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest response time research. Objective: We sought to measure the interval from call receipt at primary PSAPs to call answer at secondary PSAPs in metropolitan areas...
May 26, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Alexei A Birkun, Adhish Gautam
INTRODUCTION: The ever-growing penetration of internet and mobile technologies into society suggests that people will increasingly use web searches to seek health-related information, including advice on first aid in medical emergencies. When a bystander is incompetent in first aid and has no immediate support from Emergency Medical Services (EMS), as it happens in low-resource settings or in disasters, instructions found online could be the sole driver for administering first aid before arrival of professional help...
May 11, 2023: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Amanda L Missel, Christopher J Drucker, Kosuke Kume, Jenny Shin, Lindsey Hergert, Robert W Neumar, Peter J Kudenchuk, Thomas Rea
BACKGROUND: Promptly initiated bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Many OHCA patients require repositioning to a firm surface. We examined the association between repositioning, chest compression (CC) delay, and patient outcomes. METHODS: We used a quality improvement registry from review of 9-1-1 dispatch audio recordings of OHCA among adults eligible for telecommunicator-assisted CPR (T-CPR) between 2013 and 2021...
May 3, 2023: Resuscitation
Mohsen Saidinejad, Isabel Barata, Ashley Foster, Timothy K Ruttan, Muhammad Waseem, Douglas K Holtzman, Lee S Benjamin, Sam Shahid, Kathleen Berg, Dina Wallin, Shireen M Atabaki, Madeline M Joseph
In 2006, the Institute of Medicine published a report titled "Emergency Care for Children: Growing Pains," in which it described pediatric emergency care as uneven at best. Since then, telehealth has emerged as one of the great equalizers in care of children, particularly for those in rural and underresourced communities. Clinicians in these settings may lack pediatric-specific specialization or experience in caring for critically ill or injured children. Telehealth consultation can provide timely and safe management for many medical problems in children and can prevent many unnecessary and often long transport to a pediatric center while avoiding delays in care, especially for time-sensitive and acute interventions...
June 2023: Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians open
Nirukshi Perera, Tanya Birnie, Austin Whiteside, Stephen Ball, Judith Finn
When a person has an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), calling the ambulance for help is the first link in the chain of survival. Ambulance call-takers guide the caller to perform life-saving interventions on the patient before the paramedics arrive at the scene, therefore, their actions, decisions and communication are integral to saving the patient's life. In 2021, we conducted open-ended interviews with 10 ambulance call-takers with the aim of understanding their experiences of managing these phone calls; and to explore their views on using a standardised call protocol and triage system for OHCA calls...
2023: PloS One
Rohan V Navani, Luke P Dawson, Emily Nehme, Ziad Nehme, Jason Bloom, Shelley Cox, David Anderson, Michael Stephenson, Jeffrey Lefkovits, Andrew J Taylor, David Kaye, Karen Smith, Dion Stub
BACKGROUND: Previous studies examining temporal variations in cardiovascular care have largely been limited to assessing weekend and after-hours effects. We aimed to determine whether more complex temporal variation patterns might exist in chest pain care. METHODS: This was a population-based study of consecutive adult patients attended by emergency medical services (EMS) for non-traumatic chest pain without ST elevation in Victoria, Australia between 1 January 2015 and 30 June 2019...
April 24, 2023: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Carrie Janerka, Gavin D Leslie, Mellissa Mellan, Glenn Arendts
Telehealth has been successfully implemented in the prehospital setting to expedite emergency care, although applications are still in their infancy. With recent advances in technologies, it is not described how prehospital telehealth has evolved over the past decade. This scoping review aimed to answer the research question 'what telehealth platforms have been used to facilitate communication between prehospital healthcare providers and emergency clinicians in the past decade?'. The review was guided by Joanna Briggs Institute scoping review methodology and reported in accordance with the PRISMA checklist for scoping reviews...
April 27, 2023: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Britta Jensen, Henrik Vardinghus-Nielsen, Elisabeth Helen Anna Mills, Amalie Lykkemark Møller, Filip Gnesin, Nertila Zylyftari, Kristian Kragholm, Fredrik Folke, Helle Collatz Christensen, Stig Nikolaj Blomberg, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Henrik Bøggild
OBJECTIVES: Callers with myocardial infarction presenting atypical symptoms in telephone consultations when calling out-of-hours medical services risk misrecognition. We investigated characteristics in callers' interpretation of experienced conditions through communication with call-takers. METHODS: Recording of calls resulting in not having an ambulance dispatched for 21 callers who contacted a non-emergency medical helpline, Copenhagen (Denmark), up to one week before they were diagnosed with myocardial infarction...
April 2023: Patient Education and Counseling
Tomi Salminen, Kaius Kaartinen, Mervi Roos, Verna Vaajanen, Ari Ekstrand, Piritta Setälä, Sanna Hoppu
BACKGROUND: Responsive and efficient emergency medical services (EMS) require accurate telephone triage. In Finland, such services are provided by Emergency Response Centre Agency (ERC Agency). In 2018, a new Finnish computer-assisted emergency dispatch system was introduced: the Emergency Response Integrated Common Authorities (ERICA). After the introduction of ERICA, the appropriateness of EMS dispatch has not been investigated yet. The study´s objective is to determine the consistency between the priority triage of the emergency medical dispatcher (EMD) and the on-scene priority assessment of the EMS, and whether the priority assessment consistency varied among the dispatch categories...
February 16, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Lorenzo Gamberini, Donatella Del Giudice, Stefano Saltalamacchia, Benjamin Taylor, Isabella Sala, Davide Allegri, Antonio Pastori, Carlo Coniglio, Giovanni Gordini, Federico Semeraro
BACKGROUND: First responder programs were developed to speed up access to cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) victims. Little is known about the factors influencing the efficiency of the first responders arriving before the EMS and, therefore, effectively contributing to the chain of survival. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this retrospective observational study was to identify the factors associated with first responders' arrival before EMS in the context of a regional first responder program arranged to deliver automated external defibrillators on suspected OHCA scenes...
April 2023: Resuscitation
Amanda L Missel, Stephen R Dowker, Madeline Chiola, Jodyn Platt, Julia Tsutsui, Kristin Kasten, Robert Swor, Robert W Neumar, Nathaniel Hunt, Logan Herbert, Woodrow Sams, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Theresa Shields, Emilee I Coulter-Thompson, Charles P Friedman
INTRODUCTION: Fewer than 10% of individuals who suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survive with good neurologic function. Bystander CPR more than doubles the chance of survival, and telecommunicator-CPR (T-CPR) during a 9-1-1 call substantially improves the frequency of bystander CPR. OBJECTIVE: We examined the barriers to initiation of T-CPR. METHODS: We analyzed the 9-1-1 call audio from 65 EMS-treated OHCAs from a single US 9-1-1 dispatch center...
March 13, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Frank Müller, Dominik Schröder, Eva Maria Noack
BACKGROUND: Communication across language barriers is a particular challenge for health care providers. In emergency medical services, interpreters are mostly not available on rescue scenes, which jeopardizes safe and high-quality medical care. In a cocreative process together with paramedics and software designers, we developed a fixed-phrase translation app with 600 phrases and 18 supported languages that supports paramedics when providing care to foreign-language patients. This paper reports on the results of a pilot study to evaluate the app's effect on paramedic-patient communication...
March 23, 2023: JMIR Formative Research
Carlos Ramon Hölzing, Peter Brinkrolf, Camilla Metelmann, Bibiana Metelmann, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Mina Baumgarten
BACKGROUND: Telephone-Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (T-CPR) significantly increases rate of bystander resuscitation and improves patient outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Nevertheless, securing correct execution of instructions remains a difficulty. ERC Guidelines 2021 recommend standardised instructions with continuous evaluation. Yet, there are no explicit recommendations on a standardised wording of T-CPR in the German language. We investigated, whether a modified wording regarding check for breathing in a German T-CPR protocol improved performance of T-CPR...
April 1, 2023: BMC Emergency Medicine
Louise Ayoe Sparvath Brautsch, Line Zinckernagel, Astrid Marie Rolin Kragh, Carolina Malta Hansen, Astrid Lykke Storgaard Kristensen, Susan Andersen
AIM: To increase survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in Denmark, volunteer responders are activated through a smartphone application (HeartRunner app) to quickly locate an automated external defibrillator (AED) and assist with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). All dispatched volunteer responders who have been activated by the app receive a follow-up questionnaire to evaluate their participation in the programme. The content of the questionnaire has never been thoroughly evaluated...
June 2023: Resuscitation plus
Christophe Jobé, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Pierre Métrailler, Jean-Marc Bellagamba, Alexandre Briguet, Line Zurcher, Fabrice Dami
BACKGROUND: Advances in information and communication technology have led to telemedicine applications that could support paramedics in the prehospital field. In an effort to optimise the available resources like prehospital emergency physicians (PHP), the State Health Services of a Swiss state decided to launch a pilot study on the feasibility of using telemedicine in the prehospital emergency setting. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to measure the number of missions completed without technical problems with remote PHP support through telemedicine (tele-PHP)...
2023: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
Peter C Britton, Kipling M Bohnert, Lauren M Denneson, Dara Ganoczy, Mark A Ilgen
PURPOSE: To identify temporal patterns of emergency dispatches as initiated by Veteran Crisis Line (VCL) responders and among moderate- and high-risk contacts. METHODS: Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were used to examine the incidence of emergency dispatches among all 1,437,543 VCL contacts across 2019-2020. RESULTS: Emergency dispatches were initiated in 57,077 (4.0%) contacts. IRRs were elevated during Labor Day, IRR (95% CI) = 1...
April 9, 2023: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Lucie Ollis, Simon S Skene, Julia Williams, Richard Lyon, Cath Taylor
INTRODUCTION: Accurate and timely dispatch of emergency medical services (EMS) is vital due to limited resources and patients' risk of mortality and morbidity increasing with time. Currently, most UK emergency operations centres (EOCs) rely on audio calls and accurate descriptions of the incident and patients' injuries from lay 999 callers. If dispatchers in the EOCs could see the scene via live video streaming from the caller's smartphone, this may enhance their decision making and enable quicker and more accurate dispatch of EMS...
April 24, 2023: BMJ Open
Laura Borgstedt, Stefan J Schaller, Daniel Goudkamp, Kristina Fuest, Bernhard Ulm, Bettina Jungwirth, Manfred Blobner, Sebastian Schmid
BACKGROUND AND GOAL OF STUDY: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in prehospital care is a major reason for emergency medical service (EMS) dispatches. CPR outcome depends on various factors, such as bystander CPR and initial heart rhythm. Our aim was to investigate whether short-term outcomes such as the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and hospital admission with spontaneous circulation differ depending on the location of the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). In addition, we assessed further aspects of CPR performance...
2023: Frontiers in Public Health
He Ayu Xu, Bernard Maccari, Hervé Guillain, Julien Herzen, Fabio Agri, Jean Louis Raisaro
BACKGROUND: Medical coding is the process that converts clinical documentation into standard medical codes. Codes are used for several key purposes in a hospital (eg, insurance reimbursement and performance analysis); therefore, their optimization is crucial. With the rapid growth of natural language processing technologies, several solutions based on artificial intelligence have been proposed to aid in medical coding by automatically suggesting relevant codes for clinical documents. However, their effectiveness is still limited to simple cases, and it is not yet clear how much value they can bring in improving coding efficiency and accuracy...
January 19, 2023: JMIR Medical Informatics
Tommaso Scquizzato, Giovanni Landoni, Giuseppe Ristagno, Alessandro Pruna, Alberto Zangrillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2023: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
2023-01-15 20:26:16
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