C Raina MacIntyre, Abela Mahimbo, Aye M Moa, Michelle Barnes
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Influenza is one of the leading infectious causes of morbidity and mortality globally, and evidence is accumulating that it can precipitate acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This is thought to be due to a range of factors including inflammatory release of cytokines, disruption of atherosclerotic plaques and thrombogenesis, which may acutely occlude a coronary artery. There is a large body of observational and clinical trial evidence that shows that influenza vaccine protects against AMI...
December 15, 2016: Heart
David Adlam, Angela Maas, Christiaan Vrints, Fernando Alfonso
A new Study Group for this unusual and serious condition was announced at ESC Congress in Rome by the Acute Cardiovascular Care Association (ACCA) of the ESC. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD) is an increasingly recognized cause of non-atherosclerotic acute coronary syndromes afflicting predominantly younger women. It is characterized by a separation of the layers of the coronary arterial wall by an accumulation of blood to form a false lumen. A build-up of pressure within the false lumen leads to external compression of the true coronary lumen restricting coronary blood flow and leading to myocardial ischaemia or infarction...
October 21, 2016: European Heart Journal
Tadashi Ashida, Shigemasa Tani, Ken Nagao, Tsukasa Yagi, Naoya Matsumoto, Atsushi Hirayama
OBJECTIVE: This was a pilot retrospective case-series study performed to investigate whether synthesized 18-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) could improve the accuracy of infarction site diagnosis in patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHOD: Of 103 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome who underwent emergency coronary angiography between October 1, 2014 and December 10, 2015, 33 patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for STEMI were enrolled in this study...
March 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Pei-Chi Chen, Su-Kiat Chua, Huei-Fong Hung, Chung-Yen Huang, Chiu-Mei Lin, Shih-Ming Lai, Yen-Ling Chen, Jun-Jack Cheng, Chiung-Zuan Chiu, Shih-Huang Lee, Huey-Ming Lo, Kou-Gi Shyu
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Admission hyperglycemia is associated with poor outcome in patients with myocardial infarction. The present study evaluated the relationship between admission glucose level and other clinical variables in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 959 consecutive STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI were divided into five groups based on admission glucose levels of <100, 100-139, 140-189, 190-249 and ≥250 mg/dL...
February 12, 2014: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2014: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Anna Komosa, Maciej Lesiak, Andrzej Siniawski, Tatiana Mularek-Kubzdela, Stefan Grajek
Antiplatelet drugs play a crucial role in the treatment of patients with myocardial infarction, particularly in association with percutaneous coronary intervention. Their main advantage is the reduction of adverse ischemic incidents and the major disadvantage is the increase in the frequency of hemorrhages. Thus, the choice of appropriate drug depends on the right risk assessment of the development of these complications in individual patients. The aim of this article is to provide an update of antiplatelet therapy in emergency myocardial infarction treatment...
2014: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
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