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By Richard Gough Paramedic tutor, Post Qualification Manager
George Kovacs, Nicholas Sowers
Airway management in the trauma patient presents numerous unique challenges beyond placement of an endotracheal tube and outcomes are dependent on the provider's ability to anticipate difficulty. Airway management strategies for the care of the polytrauma patient are reviewed, with specific considerations for those presenting with traumatic brain injury, suspected c-spine injury, the contaminated airway, the agitated trauma patient, maxillofacial trauma, and the traumatized airway. An approach to airway management that considers the potential anatomic and physiologic challenges in caring for these complicated trauma patients is presented...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Naoko Ohashi-Fukuda, Tatsuma Fukuda, Kent Doi, Naoto Morimura
BACKGROUND: Respiratory care may be important in pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to the asphyxial nature of the majority of events. However, evidence of the effect of prehospital advanced airway management (AAM) for pediatric OHCA is scarce. METHODS: This was a nationwide population-based study of pediatric OHCA in Japan from 2011 to 2012 based on data from the All-Japan Utstein Registry. We included pediatric OHCA patients aged between 1 and 17 years old...
May 2017: Resuscitation
Kylie Dyson, Janet E Bray, Karen Smith, Stephen Bernard, Lahn Straney, Resmi Nair, Judith Finn
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Paramedic experience with intubation may be an important factor in skill performance and patient outcomes. Our objective is to examine the association between previous intubation experience and successful intubation. In a subcohort of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases, we also measure the association between patient survival and previous paramedic intubation experience. METHODS: We analyzed data from Ambulance Victoria electronic patient care records and the Victorian Ambulance Cardiac Arrest Registry for January 1, 2008, to September 26, 2014...
September 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Derek C Angus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Ashish R Panchal, Geoffrey Finnegan, David P Way, Thomas Terndrup
OBJECTIVE: Airway management is a common, important intervention for critically ill patients in the United States. A key element of prehospital airway management is endotracheal intubation (ETI). Prehospital ETI success rates have been shown to be as low as 77% compared to in-hospital rates of 95%. Given these rates, the use of backup airway devices is a necessary precaution for patient safety. The extent to which paramedics integrate backup airway use into their airway algorithm is unknown...
November 21, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
Raj M Reddy, Manish Adke, Pranava Patil, Irina Kosheleva, Saxon Ridley
BACKGROUND: We explored whether positioning patients in a 25° back-up sniffing position improved glottic views and ease of intubation. METHODS: In the first part of the study, patients were intubated in the standard supine sniffing position. In the second part, the back of the operating table was raised 25° from the horizontal by flexion of the torso at the hips while maintaining the sniffing position. The best view obtained during laryngoscopy was assessed using the Cormack and Lehane classification and Percentage of Glottic Opening (POGO) score...
November 16, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Matthew Hansen, Garth Meckler, William Lambert, Caitlin Dickinson, Kathryn Dickinson, Joshua Van Otterloo, Jeanne-Marie Guise
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and characterise the nature of patient safety events in paediatric out-of-hospital airway management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional medical record review of all 'lights and sirens' emergency medicine services transports from 2008 to 2011 in patients <18 years of age in the Portland Oregon metropolitan area. A chart review tool (see online supplementary appendix) was adapted from landmark patient safety studies and revised after pilot testing...
November 11, 2016: BMJ Open
Lucas A Myers, Charles G Gallet, Logan J Kolb, Christine M Lohse, Christopher S Russi
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify factors associated with successful endotracheal intubation (ETI) by a multisite emergency medical services (EMS) agency. METHODS: We collected data from the electronic prehospital record for all ETI attempts made from January through May 2010 by paramedics and other EMS crew members at a single multistate agency. If documentation was incomplete, the study team contacted the paramedic. Paramedics use the current National Association of EMS Physicians definition of an ETI attempt (laryngoscope blade entering the mouth)...
September 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Diana L Wadlund, Patricia C Seifert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: AORN Journal
Alfred Jacomet, Abel-Jan Tasman
Airway management in craniofacial trauma patients is a challenge for an anesthetist. Treating these patients requires a close interdisciplinary communication and cooperation. Maintaining the airway and oxygenation of the patient is the initial challenge in craniofacial trauma patients. The management of the difficult airway is facilitated and patient's safety improved by following one of several published difficult airway algorithms. We describe the St. Gallen difficult airway algorithm for the management of difficult airway in general and the airway in facial trauma patients in particular...
August 2015: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Mark Campbell, Hilary Shanahan, Simon Ash, Jonathan Royds, Viera Husarova, Conan McCaul
BACKGROUND: The cricothyroid membrane (CTM) is the recommended site of access to the airway during cricothyrotomy to provide emergency oxygenation. We sought to compare the ability of physicians to correctly identify the CTM in male and female patients. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, anaesthetists were asked to locate the CTM by palpation which was then identified using ultrasound and the distance between the actual and estimated margin of the CTM was measured...
2014: BMC Anesthesiology
Geir Arne Sunde, Jon-Kenneth Heltne, David Lockey, Brian Burns, Mårten Sandberg, Knut Fredriksen, Karl Ove Hufthammer, Akos Soti, Richard Lyon, Helena Jäntti, Antti Kämäräinen, Bjørn Ole Reid, Tom Silfvast, Falko Harm, Stephen J M Sollid
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous studies on prehospital airway management, results are difficult to compare due to inconsistent or heterogeneous data. The objective of this study was to assess advanced airway management from international physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical services. METHODS: We collected airway data from 21 helicopter emergency medical services in Australia, England, Finland, Hungary, Norway and Switzerland over a 12-month period. A uniform Utstein-style airway template was used for collecting data...
August 7, 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Ju-Hwan Lee, Hoe-Chang Jung, Ji-Hoon Shim, Cheol Lee
BACKGROUND: Optimal head and neck positioning and clinical experience are important factors for successful endotracheal intubation in patients with a difficult airway. This study aimed to investigate the rate of successful endotracheal intubation between the sniffing and ramped positions in patients with an expected difficult intubation. METHODS: The study included 204 patients with an expected difficult intubation (airway difficulty score ≥ 8) based on the preoperative airway assessment...
April 2015: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Venkata Angirekula, Ashrit Multani
A previously healthy 65-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with a 7-day history of throat pain, difficulty swallowing, muffled voice, and subjective fevers. On presentation, she was afebrile and hemodynamically stable with normal oxygen saturation (blood pressure, 140/86 mm Hg;..
April 9, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Shunichiro Nakao, Akio Kimura, Yusuke Hagiwara, Kohei Hasegawa
OBJECTIVES: Although successful airway management is essential for emergency trauma care, comprehensive studies are limited. We sought to characterise current trauma care practice of airway management in the emergency departments (EDs) in Japan. DESIGN: Analysis of data from a prospective, observational, multicentre registry-the Japanese Emergency Airway Network (JEAN) registry. SETTING: 13 academic and community EDs from different geographic regions across Japan...
February 4, 2015: BMJ Open
Takashi Asai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Anesthesia
J Bosch, J de Nooij, M de Visser, S C Cannegieter, N J Terpstra, C Heringhaus, J Burggraaf
BACKGROUND: In Dutch ambulance practice, failure or inability to intubate patients with altered oxygenation and/or ventilation leaves bag-valve mask ventilation as the only alternative, which is undesirable for patient outcome. A novel Laryngeal Mask Airway Supreme (LMA-S) device may be a suitable alternative. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness and suitability of the LMA-S for emergency medical services in daily out-of-hospital emergency practice. METHODS: After a period of theoretical and practical training of ambulance paramedics in the use of the LMA-S, prospective data were collected on the utilisation of LMA-S in an observational study...
September 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Jan L Jensen, Ka Wai Cheung, John M Tallon, Andrew H Travers
This systematic review included controlled clinical trials comparing tracheal intubation (TI) with alternative airway techniques (AAT) (bag mask ventilation and use of extraglottic devices) performed by paramedics in the prehospital setting. A priori outcomes to be assessed were survival, neurologic outcome, airway management success rates and complications. We identified trials using EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, author contacts and hand searching. We included 5 trials enrolling a total of 1559 patients...
March 2010: CJEM
Henry E Wang, Judith R Lave, Carl A Sirio, Donald M Yealy
Paramedics provide life-saving emergency medical care to patients in the out-of-hospital setting, but only selected emergency interventions have proved to be safe or effective. Endotracheal intubation (the insertion of an emergency breathing tube into the trachea) is an important and high-profile procedure performed by paramedics. In our study population, we found that errors occurred in 22 percent of intubation attempts, with a frequency of up to 40 percent in selected ambulance systems. These findings indicate frequent errors associated with this life-saving technique...
March 2006: Health Affairs
Henry E Wang, G K Balasubramani, Lawrence J Cook, Donald M Yealy, Judith R Lave
BACKGROUND: While prior studies describe the clinical presentation of patients requiring paramedic out-of-hospital endotracheal intubation (ETI), limited data characterize the underlying medical conditions or comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the medical conditions and comorbidities of patients receiving successful paramedic out-of-hospital ETI. METHODS: We used Pennsylvania statewide emergency medical services (EMS) clinical data, including all successful ETIs performed during 2003-2005...
July 2011: Prehospital Emergency Care
2015-01-11 16:26:48
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