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By Arthur Cronwright Aspiring to best practice always
Heng Gan, Maxime Cannesson, John R Chandler, J Mark Ansermino
BACKGROUND: Administration of fluid to improve cardiac output is the mainstay of hemodynamic resuscitation. Not all patients respond to fluid therapy, and excessive fluid administration is harmful. Predicting fluid responsiveness can be challenging, particularly in children. Numerous hemodynamic variables have been proposed as predictors of fluid responsiveness. Dynamic variables based on the heart-lung interaction appear to be excellent predictors of fluid responsiveness in adults, but there is no consensus on their usefulness in children...
December 2013: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Craig Vincent-Lambert, Andrew Peter Carpenter
PURPOSE: In an emergency, the administration of fluids and medications remains a vital component of patient care. Although this is usually achieved via an intravenous line, intraosseous (IO) cannulation is accepted as a useful alternative for the administration of fluids and medications in situations where intravenous cannulation is difficult or impossible. Despite this, IO cannulation appeared to be infrequently performed by paramedics in Johannesburg (JHB). This study investigated factors that may be affecting the frequency with which IO cannulation is performed by paramedics in JHB...
November 2014: Journal of Vascular Access
Roland Couturier, Stanislas Grassin-Delyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Peter Bansch, Svajunas Statkevicius, Peter Bentzer
BACKGROUND: It is believed that the effectiveness of colloids as plasma volume expanders is dependent on the endothelial permeability for macromolecules. The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that the plasma volume expanding effect of 5% albumin relative to that of a crystalloid solution is reduced if microvascular permeability is increased. METHODS: A control group was resuscitated with either 5% albumin (8 ml/kg) or Ringer's acetate (36 ml/kg) immediately after a hemorrhage of 8 ml/kg (n = 29)...
October 2014: Anesthesiology
Daniel Chappell, Matthias Jacob, Klaus Hofmann-Kiefer, Peter Conzen, Markus Rehm
Replacement of assumed preoperative deficits, in addition to generous substitution of an unsubstantiated increased insensible perspiration and third space loss, plays an important role in current perioperative fluid regimens. The consequence is a positive fluid balance and weight gain of up to 10 kg, which may be related to severe complications. Because the intravascular blood volume remains unchanged and insensible perspiration is negligible, the fluid must accumulate inside the body. This concept brings into question common liberal infusion regimens...
October 2008: Anesthesiology
Pablo Perel, Ian Roberts
BACKGROUND: Colloid solutions are widely used in fluid resuscitation of critically ill patients. There are several choices of colloid and there is ongoing debate about the relative effectiveness of colloids compared to crystalloid fluids. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of colloids compared to crystalloids for fluid resuscitation in critically ill patients. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Injuries Group Specialised Register (searched 16 March 2012), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials 2011, issue 3 (The Cochrane Library), MEDLINE (Ovid) 1946 to March 2012, Embase (Ovid) 1980 to March 2012, ISI Web of Science: Science Citation Index Expanded (1970 to March 2012), ISI Web of Science: Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science (1990 to March 2012), PubMed (searched 16 March 2012), www...
June 13, 2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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