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Breathin tubes. Trachs and ETT.

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6 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Srinivas M Susarla, Zachary S Peacock, Hasan B Alam
Tracheostomy is a technique for airway management commonly used by surgeons who care for critically ill patients. Patients with traumatic facial injuries, severe odontogenic infections, and head and neck malignancies are often recipients of tracheostomies. As such, the oral and maxillofacial surgeon who frequently treats such patients should be well-trained in tracheostomy placement. For decades, the standard technique for tracheostomy was the open surgical technique. However, during the past 20 years, the use of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy has increased...
January 2012: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Anthony Delaney, Sean M Bagshaw, Marek Nalos
INTRODUCTION: Tracheostomy is one of the more commonly performed procedures in critically ill patients yet the optimal method of performing tracheostomies in this population remains to be established. The aim of this study was to systematically review and quantitatively synthesize all randomized clinical trials (RCTs), comparing elective percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) and surgical tracheostomy (ST) in adult critically ill patients with regards to major short and long term outcomes...
2006: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Kevin Pilarczyk, Guenter Marggraf, Michaela Dudasova, Ender Demircioglu, Valerie Scheer, Heinz Jakob, Fabian Dusse
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of timing of percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy (PDT) on incidence of deep sternal wound infections (DSWI) after cardiac surgery with median sternotomy. DESIGN: Retrospective study between 2003 and 2013. SETTING: Single-center university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred seventy-nine patients after cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation and median sternotomy. INTERVENTIONS: PDT using the Ciaglia-technique with direct bronchoscopic guidance...
December 2015: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Dean R Hess, Neila P Altobelli
Tracheostomy tubes are used to administer positive-pressure ventilation, to provide a patent airway, and to provide access to the lower respiratory tract for airway clearance. They are available in a variety of sizes and styles from several manufacturers. The dimensions of tracheostomy tubes are given by their inner diameter, outer diameter, length, and curvature. Differences in dimensions between tubes with the same inner diameter from different manufacturers are not commonly appreciated but may have important clinical implications...
June 2014: Respiratory Care
Satya Krishna Ramachandran, Anjana M Kumar
Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) are used to keep the upper airway open to provide unobstructed ventilation. Early (first-generation) SADs rapidly replaced endotracheal intubation and face masks in > 40% of general anesthesia cases due to their versatility and ease of use. Second-generation devices have further improved efficacy and utility by incorporating design changes. Individual second-generation SADs have allowed more dependable positive-pressure ventilation, are made of disposable materials, have integrated bite blocks, are better able to act as conduits for tracheal tube placement, and have reduced risk of pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents...
June 2014: Respiratory Care
Carl F Haas, Richard M Eakin, Mark A Konkle, Ross Blank
The development and evolution of the endotracheal tube (ETT) have been closely related to advances in surgery and anesthesia. Modifications were made to accomplish many tasks, including minimizing gross aspiration, isolating a lung, providing a clear facial surgical field during general anesthesia, monitoring laryngeal nerve damage during surgery, preventing airway fires during laser surgery, and administering medications. In critical care management, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a major concern, as it is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and cost...
June 2014: Respiratory Care
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