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Neonatal Neuroimage

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
Sebastian Hartenstein, Christian Bamberg, Hans Proquitté, Boris Metze, Christoph Bührer, Thomas Schmitz
Besides remarkable improvements of neonatal medical therapy, neurological morbidity remains a major concern in preterm infants. In particular, intracranial hemorrhage is a severe complication strongly correlated to poor neurological outcome. For early clinical assessment of intracranial hemorrhage and its impact on the ventricular system, cranial sonography is an important bedside diagnostic tool. Reference values of ventricular sizes are available in relation to gestational age (GA). So far, it has not been demonstrated that ventricular size values are also reliable in relation to birth weight (BW)...
March 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Subrata Sarkar, Seetha Shankaran, Abbot R Laptook, Beena G Sood, Barbara Do, Barbara J Stoll, Krisa P Van Meurs, Edward F Bell, Abhik Das, John Barks
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine whether the cystic periventricular leukomalacia (cPVL) detection rate differs between imaging studies performed at different time points. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the prospectively collected data of 31,708 infants from the NICHD Neonatal Research Network. Inclusion criteria were infants < 1,000 g birth weight or < 29 weeks' gestational age who had cranial imaging performed using both early criterion (cranial ultrasound [CUS] < 28 days chronological age) and late criterion (CUS, magnetic resonance imaging, or computed tomography closest to 36 weeks postmenstrual age [PMA])...
August 2015: American Journal of Perinatology
Peter J Anderson, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Deanne K Thompson
Very preterm children are at a high risk for neurodevelopmental impairments, but there is variability in the pattern and severity of outcome. Neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) enhances the capacity to detect brain injury and altered brain development and assists in the prediction of high-risk children who warrant surveillance and early intervention. This review describes the application of conventional and advanced MRI with very preterm neonates, specifically focusing on the relationship between neonatal MRI findings and later neurodevelopmental outcome...
March 2015: Seminars in Perinatology
An N Massaro
MRI performed in the neonatal period has become a tool widely used by clinicians and researchers to evaluate the developing brain. MRI can provide detailed anatomical resolution, enabling identification of brain injuries due to various perinatal insults. This review will focus on the link between neonatal MRI findings and later neurodevelopmental outcomes in high-risk term infants. In particular, the role of conventional and advanced MR imaging in prognosticating outcomes in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, ischemic perinatal stroke, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation life support, congenital heart disease, and other neonatal neurological conditions will be discussed...
March 2015: Seminars in Perinatology
Annemarie Plaisier, Marlou M A Raets, Ginette M Ecury-Goossen, Paul Govaert, Monique Feijen-Roon, Irwin K M Reiss, Liesbeth S Smit, Maarten H Lequin, Jeroen Dudink
OBJECTIVE: To investigate detection ability and feasibility of serial cranial ultrasonography (CUS) and early MRI in preterm brain injury. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Level III neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS: 307 infants, born below 29 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Serial CUS and MRI were performed according to standard clinical protocol. In case of instability, MRI was postponed or cancelled...
July 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Alessandro Parodi, Andrea Rossi, Mariasavina Severino, Giovanni Morana, Andrea Sannia, Maria Grazia Calevo, Mariya Malova, Luca A Ramenghi
OBJECTIVE: To assess diagnostic accuracy of cranial ultrasound (CUS) performed through the anterior fontanelle (AF) and mastoid fontanelle (MF) in detecting cerebellar haemorrhages (CBH) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants. SETTING: Third-level neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). DESIGN: VLBW infants consecutively admitted at Gaslini Children's Hospital between February 2012 and September 2013 underwent both CUS and MR susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI)...
July 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Alan R Barnette, Jeffrey D Horbar, Roger F Soll, Robert H Pfister, Karin B Nelson, Michael J Kenny, Tonse N K Raju, Peter M Bingham, Terrie E Inder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Computed tomography (CT) is still used for neuroimaging of infants with known or suspected neurologic disorders. Alternative neuroimaging options that do not expose the immature brain to radiation include MRI and cranial ultrasound. We aim to characterize and compare the use and findings of neuroimaging modalities, especially CT, in infants with neonatal encephalopathy. METHODS: The Vermont Oxford Network Neonatal Encephalopathy Registry enrolled 4171 infants (≥36 weeks' gestation or treated with therapeutic hypothermia) between 2006 and 2010 who were diagnosed with encephalopathy in the first 3 days of life...
June 2014: Pediatrics
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