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Pleural effusions in the icu

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7 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Oliver J Bintcliffe, Gary Y C Lee, Najib M Rahman, Nick A Maskell
The evidence base concerning the management of benign pleural effusions has lagged behind that of malignant pleural effusions in which recent randomised trials are now informing current clinical practice and international guidelines.The causes of benign pleural effusions are broad, heterogenous and patients may benefit from individualised management targeted at both treating the underlying disease process and direct management of the fluid. Pleural effusions are very common in a number of non-malignant pathologies, such as decompensated heart failure, and following coronary artery bypass grafting...
September 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
Clare Hooper, Y C Gary Lee, Nick Maskell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2010: Thorax
Arun Gopi, Sethu M Madhavan, Surendra K Sharma, Steven A Sahn
Tuberculous (TB) pleural effusion occurs in approximately 5% of patients with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The HIV pandemic has been associated with a doubling of the incidence of extrapulmonary TB, which has resulted in increased recognition of TB pleural effusions even in developed nations. Recent studies have provided insights into the immunopathogenesis of pleural TB, including memory T-cell homing and chemokine activation. The definitive diagnosis of TB pleural effusions depends on the demonstration of acid-fast bacilli in the sputum, pleural fluid, or pleural biopsy specimens...
March 2007: Chest
Ioannis Psallidas, John P Corcoran, Najib M Rahman
Pleural infection remains a common and serious respiratory condition with important implications for patients and health-care services. This review will cover the management of pleural infection including medical treatment, the role of intrapleural agents and surgical treatment. We discuss the directions that future research in this important area might take. Increasing incidence of pleural infection has been reported worldwide without a clear explanation. The pathogens responsible for pleural infection differ from those in pneumonia...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Maree Azzopardi, José M Porcel, Coenraad F N Koegelenberg, Y C Gary Lee, Edward T H Fysh
Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) can complicate most malignancies and is a common clinical problem presenting to respiratory and cancer care physicians. Despite its frequent occurrence, current knowledge of MPE remains limited and controversy surrounds almost every aspect in its diagnosis and management. A lack of robust data has led to significant practice variations worldwide, inefficiencies in healthcare provision, and threats to patient safety. Recent studies have highlighted evolving concepts in MPE care that challenge traditional beliefs...
December 2014: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
M Elizabeth Wilcox, Christopher A K Y Chong, Matthew B Stanbrook, Andrea C Tricco, Camilla Wong, Sharon E Straus
IMPORTANCE: Thoracentesis is performed to identify the cause of a pleural effusion. Although generally safe, thoracentesis may be complicated by transient hypoxemia, bleeding, patient discomfort, reexpansion pulmonary edema, and pneumothorax. OBJECTIVE: To identify the best means for differentiating between transudative and exudative effusions and also to identify thoracentesis techniques for minimizing the risk of complications by performing a systematic review the evidence...
June 18, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
David M Maslove, Benson Tze-Ming Chen, Helena Wang, Ware G Kuschner
Pleural effusions are common in critically ill patients. Most effusions in intensive care unit (ICU) patients are of limited clinical significance; however, some are important and require aggressive management. Transudative effusions in the ICU are commonly caused by volume overload, decreased plasma oncotic pressure, and regions of altered pleural pressure attributable to atelectasis and mechanical ventilation. Exudates are sequelae of pulmonary or pleural infection, pulmonary embolism, postsurgical complications, and malignancy...
January 2013: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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