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VOR impact on UPT proficiency

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12 papers 25 to 100 followers
Z Kaczorowski
The paper presents the results of the study of gaze-evoked nystagmus, direction-gaze nystagmus and optokinetic nystagmus in 193 subjects, including 85 healthy pilots and 64 persons with vestibular pathology of central origin. For this purpose, a computer program was applied for evoking strictly standardised oculomotor stimuli. Moreover, computer analysis of the responses was introduced. To make the method applicable for otoneurological evaluation of flying personnel members, physiological norms of the parameters of interest for gaze-evoked and optokinetic tests have been presented, based on the study results in different age groups...
1997: Otolaryngologia Polska
B Cheung, K Money, H Wright, W Bateman
In a recent survey of CF18 aircrew human factors, 44% of pilots reported experience with spatial disorientation (SD), of whom 10% had experienced more than 3 episodes. In order to investigate further, we have completed a retrospective study of SD-implicated category A accidents (where an aircraft is destroyed, declared missing, or damaged beyond economic repair) in the Canadian Forces (CF) during 1982-92. An overview of all SD occurrences (including accidents and incidents) across aircraft types is also presented...
June 1995: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
John Richard Rollin Stott
On the ground, the essential requirement to remain orientated is a largely unconscious activity. In flight, orientation requires a conscious effort by the pilot particularly when the visual environment becomes degraded and a deceptive force environment becomes the frame of reference. Furthermore, an unusual force environment can determine the apparent location of objects within a limited visual scene, sometimes with disastrous consequences. This review outlines the sources of pilot disorientation that arise from the visual and force environment of flight and their interaction...
2013: Extreme Physiology & Medicine
Moon Young Lee, Min Sun Kim, Byung Rim Park
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The vestibular function in pilots has been reported as being different to that in other, normal subjects. However, there is little evidence as to why and when this occurs, and its cause is still in doubt. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in vestibular function in student pilots attending an elementary flight course, and in other active pilots, through the use of the slow harmonic acceleration (SHA) test and to verify the occurrence and timing of any vestibular function changes...
May 2004: Laryngoscope
Wiesław Kluch, Jurek Olszewski
THE AIM: Evaluation of military flight personnel is of paramount importance in categories both flight safety and combat effectiveness. Assessment of equilibrium system in military pilots is very important part of fitness to fly evaluation. One of the assessment methods is statokinesiometry which can be used complementary to standard ENT evaluation methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 18 instructor pilots volunteered to take part in experiment. Age of participants was in range 22 to 47 years (mean 31 +/- 7...
April 2006: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
B R Alford, J H Atkins
Otolaryngology-head and neck surgeons have been involved in the development of aviation and space medicine since the beginning of this century. More than 75 years ago, otolaryngologists revised the physical examination for pilots, organized "boards of medical examiners" to test pilot applicants, coined the term "flight surgeon," and helped organize the first medical research laboratories at Hazelhurst Field in New York. These laboratories were transformed in 1922 into the School of Aviation Medicine at Brooks Field, Texas, which in turn subsequently was relocated to Randolph Field, Texas...
March 1998: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
F R Patterson, A J Cacioppo, J J Gallimore, G E Hinman, J P Nalepka
BACKGROUND: Conventional wisdom describing aviation spatial awareness assumes that pilots view a moving horizon through the windscreen. This assumption presupposes head alignment with the cockpit "Z" axis during both visual (VMC) and instrument (IMC) maneuvers. Even though this visual paradigm is widely accepted, its accuracy has not been verified. The purpose of this research was to determine if a visually induced neck reflex causes pilots to align their heads toward the horizon, rather than the cockpit vertical axis...
June 1997: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
J Kubiczkowa
Vestibulo-vegetative disorders in cosmonauts and astronauts occurring during space flight compel otolaryngologists to search for vestibular tests enabling a precise evaluation of the activity of the vestibular apparatus and showing disposition to motion sickness. Otoneurological investigation of Polish candidates for cosmonaut status consisted of the following vestibular tests: caloric, rotatory, optokinetic, swinging torsion, statokinesimetric and vestibulo-vegetative. The value of various vestibular tests for aviation and space medicine is presented in this paper, taking into account the results of investigations of the equilibrium system with the group of pilots selected for space flight as well as extensive experience with candidates for the air service and also trained pilots and patients...
September 1981: Acta Astronautica
Alberto C S Costa
Down syndrome (DS), the most common genetically defined cause of intellectual disability, is the phenotypic consequence of a supernumerary chromosome 21. Persons with DS commonly display deficits in visuomotor integration, motor coordination, and balance. Despite the key roles of the optokinetic and vestibular systems in these submodalities of motor function, a systematic investigation into the optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) and vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in persons with DS was lacking in the literature. Accordingly, this study generated quantitative data on oculomotor function in persons with DS under vestibular stimulation (an accompanying work describes results on the analysis of optokinetic function in the same cohort of participants)...
October 2011: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Maureen Valente
Maturational effects were investigated in two age groups (N = 30 per group) of children with normal hearing sensitivity, using rotary chair (RC), computerized dynamic posturography (CDP), and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) measures. Children recruited within the younger group were three through six years of age, and children within the older group were nine through eleven years of age. Data obtained for each pediatric group were compared with clinic and/or published adult normative data for each measure...
June 2007: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Lin-Jie Wang, Jin-He Wei, Dan Zhang, Wei-Jun Dong, Jian-Ping Guo, Mao-Qi Hu
Cognition impairment caused by space motion sickness often is a risk of spaceflight. So the dynamic changes of pattern of brain cognitive processing under varied vestibular stimuli was explored using event-related potentials. Vestibular stimulation was produced by rotary chair and varied linearly, i.e. control, constant 10 degrees/s rotation and constant 0.6 degrees/s, 0.8 degrees/s, 1.0 degrees/s, 1.2 degrees/s acceleration. Thirty-three subjects participated in the study and performed same auditory selective attention task in which the odd numbers in a randomly mixed series of odd and even numbers (go/no-go) presented acoustically in Chinese pronunciation were assigned as target signal during the rotation stimuli...
December 22, 2004: Neuroreport
Seung Cheol Ahn
INTRODUCTION: [corrected] It has been suggested that vestibular function in pilots differs from that of non-pilots. METHODS: Short-term vestibular responses to repeated rotations were explored in pilots and non-pilots using a rotating chair. Vestibulo-ocular reflex tests were done in 30 pilots (VOR-P) and 30 non-pilots (VOR-NP) at rotation frequencies of 0.01, 0.02,0.04, 0.08, 0.16, and 0.32 Hz. In a separate experiment, VOR tests were done at 0.16 Hz before and after four successive velocity-step tests in twenty-five pilots (STEP-P) and their results were compared with the results of twenty-five non-pilots (STEP-NP) who were studied earlier...
March 2003: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
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