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Sluggish Cognitive Tempo

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165 papers 100 to 500 followers A collection of all papers published to date on the newly proposed diagnosis of SCT, plus several papers on complementary and peripheral issues.
Ciarán M Fitzpatrick, Annika H Runegaard, Søren H Christiansen, Nikolaj W Hansen, Søren H Jørgensen, Julia C McGirr, Amaia de Diego Ajenjo, Andreas T Sørensen, Jean-François Perrier, Anders Petersen, Ulrik Gether, David P D Woldbye, Jesper T Andreasen
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by inattention, aberrant impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although the underlying pathophysiology of ADHD remains unclear, dopamine and norepinephrine signaling originating from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and locus coeruleus (LC) is thought to be critically involved. In this study, we employ Designer Receptor Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADDs) together with the mouse 5-Choice Serial Reaction Time Task (5-CSRTT) to investigate the necessary roles of these catecholamines in ADHD-related behaviors, including attention, impulsivity, and motivation...
December 6, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Joseph W Fredrick, Aaron M Luebbe, Kathryn J Mancini, G Leonard Burns, Jeffery N Epstein, Annie A Garner, Matthew A Jarrett, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated whether a maladaptive family environment would moderate the strength of the relations of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN) and to depressive symptoms in a large sample of college students. METHODS: Participants (n = 3,172), between the ages of 18-29 (M ± SDage  = 19.24 ± 1.52; 69.8% women; 80.4% White) and enrolled in five universities in the United States completed self-report measures of symptomatology, interparental conflict, and family expressiveness of emotions...
January 2019: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Amie Duncan, Leanne Tamm, Allison M Birnschein, Stephen P Becker
Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder frequently experience social communication difficulties, executive functioning deficits, and anxiety and depressive symptoms, which are similar to the symptoms and correlates of sluggish cognitive tempo. Although sluggish cognitive tempo is related to, but distinct from, the inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder that commonly co-occur with autism spectrum disorder, few studies have examined sluggish cognitive tempo in autism spectrum disorder...
November 14, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Zoe R Smith, Hana-May Eadeh, Rosanna P Breaux, Joshua M Langberg
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) consists of symptoms of slowness, sluggishness, daydreaming, and low motivation. SCT has been linked to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), internalizing symptoms, and daytime sleepiness. Although there is clear evidence that SCT and ADHD symptoms are distinct constructs, the distinction between SCT, anxiety/depression, and daytime sleepiness is less clear. Prior research has largely relied upon parent-report to evaluate potential overlap between SCT, sleep, and anxiety/depression, despite best practice suggesting that self-report should be used to assess internalizing symptoms...
November 8, 2018: Psychological Assessment
Mateu Servera, Belén Sáez, G Leonard Burns, Stephen P Becker
This study (a) determined whether clinical elevations of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom distributions in a large community sample of children would allow for identifying SCT-only, ADHD-only, and SCT + ADHD clinical groups; (b) examined co-occurrence of clinically elevated SCT and ADHD; (c) evaluated whether these clinical groups differed in their gender distribution, co-occurring mental health symptoms, or impairment in academic and social functioning; and (d) explored patterns of independence and overlap when clinically elevated depressive symptoms were considered in tandem with SCT and ADHD...
November 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Erica J Melief, Jonathan W McKinley, Jonathan Y Lam, Nicole M Whiteley, Alec W Gibson, John F Neumaier, Charles W Henschen, Richard D Palmiter, Nigel S Bamford, Martin Darvas
Parkinson's disease (PD) is primarily associated with the degeneration of midbrain dopamine neurons, but it is now appreciated that pathological processes like Lewy-body inclusions and cell loss affect several other brain regions, including the central lateral (CL) and centromedian/parafascicular (CM/PF) thalamic regions. These thalamic glutamatergic neurons provide a non-cortical excitatory input to the dorsal striatum, a major projection field of dopamine neurons. To determine how thalamostriatal signaling may contribute to cognitive and motor abnormalities found in PD, we used a viral vector approach to generate mice with loss of thalamostriatal glutamate signaling specifically restricted to the dorsal striatum (CAV2Cre - Slc17a6 lox/lox mice)...
2018: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
R Bart Sangal, Judith A Owens, JoAnne Sangal
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There is continuing speculation about the relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD)/restless legs syndrome. The objective was to determine if a significant portion of children with ADHD diagnosed using DSM-IV criteria have OSA or PLMD. SETTING: Sleep disorders centers in a private practice setting and a hospital setting. PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 6 to 14 years with ADHD were enrolled...
September 2005: Sleep
Denise C Rogers, Antonia J Dittner, Katharine A Rimes, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVES: Trans-diagnostic approaches suggest that key cognitive and behavioural processes maintain symptoms across a wide range of mental health disorders. Fatigue is a common clinical feature of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood; however, empirical data supporting its prevalence are lacking. This study aimed to collate outcomes from outpatient services to (1) investigate the prevalence of fatigue in adults with ADHD, (2) examine symptoms of ADHD in adults with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and (3) consider secondary clinical characteristics common to both disorder groups...
March 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Sabrina Wiebe, Julie Carrier, Sonia Frenette, Reut Gruber
The present study assessed the association between habitual sleep patterns and one night of PSG measured sleep with daytime sleepiness in children with ADHD and typically developing children. Eighty-two children (26 ADHD, 56 typically developing children), between 7 and 11 years, had nighttime sleep recorded using actigraphy over five nights (habitual sleep patterns) and polysomnography during one night (immediate sleep patterns), both within their home environments. Daytime sleepiness was examined using the multiple sleep latency test within a controlled laboratory setting the following day...
February 2013: Journal of Sleep Research
Silvia Miano, Maria Esposito, Giuseppe Foderaro, Gian Paolo Ramelli, Valdo Pezzoli, Mauro Manconi
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: We present the preliminary results of a prospective case-control sleep study in children with a diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A deep sleep assessment including sleep questionnaires, sleep habits, a video-polysomnographic recording with full high-density electroencephalography (EEG) and cardiorespiratory polygraphy, multiple sleep latency test, and 1-week actigraphic recording were performed to verify whether children with ADHD may be classified into one of the following five phenotypes: (1) hypoarousal state, resembling narcolepsy, which may be considered a "primary" form of ADHD; (2) delayed sleep onset insomnia; (3) sleep-disordered breathing; (4) restless legs syndrome and/or periodic limb movements; and (5) sleep epilepsy and/or EEG interictal epileptiform discharges...
November 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Sun Young Rosalia Yoon, Umesh Jain, Colin Shapiro
The understanding that sleep can give rise to, or exacerbate symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and that good sleep hygiene improves attention and concentration tasks has sparked interest in the investigation of possible etiological relationships between sleep disorders and ADHD. Studies indicate that 30% of children and 60-80% of adults with ADHD have symptoms of sleep disorders such as daytime sleepiness, insomnia, delayed sleep phase syndrome, fractured sleep, restless legs syndrome, and sleep disordered breathing...
August 2012: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Suzan W N Vogel, Denise Bijlenga, Jeroen S Benjamins, Aartjan T F Beekman, J J Sandra Kooij, Eus J W Van Someren
BACKGROUND: We examined whether current overall attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), inattention, or hyperactivity symptom severities are associated with the current presence and persistent history of sleep problems. METHODS: N = 942 participants of the Netherlands Sleep Registry filled out online several validated questionnaires. Regression analyses were performed to assess the association between (1) current overall ADHD symptom severity and the current presence of sleep problems, (2) current ADHD symptom-severity groups and the persistent history of sleep problems, and (3) current inattention or hyperactivity symptom severities and the current presence of sleep problems...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
Eric Konofal, Michel Lecendreux, Samuele Cortese
This paper, intended to provide useful insights for the clinical management of sleep disturbances in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), presents a critical, updated overview of the most relevant studies on the prevalence, etiopathophysiology and treatment strategies of sleep problems associated with ADHD, including restless legs syndrome, periodic limb movements in sleep, sleep-onset delay, increased nocturnal motor activity, sleep-disordered breathing, deficit in alertness, and sleep alterations accounted for by comorbid psychiatric disorders or ADHD medications...
August 2010: Sleep Medicine
Carlin J Miller, Scott R Miller, Dione M Healey, Katie Marshall, Jeffrey M Halperin
Temperament and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are both typically viewed as biologically based behavioural constructs. There is substantial overlap between ADHD symptoms and specific temperamental traits, such as effortful control, especially in young children. Recent work by Martel and colleagues ( 2009 , 2011 ) suggests that cognitive control temperamental processes are more closely related to inattention symptoms, whereas stimulus-driven temperamental processes are linked to hyperactivity-impulsivity...
2013: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
J Jaekel, D Wolke, P Bartmann
BACKGROUND: Very preterm (VP) children are at particular risk for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) of the inattentive subtype. It is unknown whether the neurodevelopmental pathways to academic underachievement are the same as in the general population. This study investigated whether middle childhood attention or hyperactivity/impulsivity problems are better predictors of VP adolescents' academic achievement. METHOD: In a geographically defined prospective whole-population sample of VP (<32 weeks gestation) and/or very low birth weight (<1500 g birth weight) (VLBW/VP; n = 281) and full-term control children (n = 286) in South Germany, ADHD subtypes were assessed at 6 years 3 months and 8 years 5 months using multiple data sources...
January 2013: Psychological Medicine
Terry McMorris, Martin Barwood, Jo Corbett
We propose a model of exercise-induced central fatigue based on interoception and motivation. Predictions of the expected sensory feedback are fed forward by the dorsolateral (DL) prefrontal cortex (PFC) to the anterior insula cortex (AIC). During exercise, the AIC receives feedback from lamina Ⅰ lateral spinothalamic and nucleus tractus solitarii medullothalamic pathways. The feedback is compared to the predictions in order to generate a current awareness state, which is forwarded to the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), ventromedial (VM)PFC and lateral (L)PFC...
October 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Stephen P Becker, Alex S Holdaway, Aaron M Luebbe
PURPOSE: To (1) describe rates of suicidal behaviors in a sample of college students, (2) evaluate sex differences, and (3) provide a preliminary examination of the unique association of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms and other mental health dimensions in relation to suicidal behaviors in college students. METHODS: Participants were 1,704 college students from two universities who completed measures assessing mental health symptoms and suicidal behaviors (i...
August 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns, Daniel R Leopold, Richard K Olson, Erik G Willcutt
BACKGROUND: Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is distinct from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN) and concurrently associated with a range of impairment domains. However, few longitudinal studies have examined SCT as a longitudinal predictor of adjustment. Studies to date have all used a relatively short longitudinal time span (6 months to 2 years) and only rating scale measures of adjustment. Using a prospective, multi-method design, this study examined whether SCT and ADHD-IN were differentially associated with functioning over a 10-year period between preschool and the end of ninth grade...
October 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Jaclyn M Kamradt, Allison M Momany, Molly A Nikolas
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists into adulthood in over 50% of cases, although its associated symptom profiles, comorbid problems, and neuropsychological deficits change substantially across development. Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms may contribute to associations between ADHD and comorbid problems and may partially explain the substantial heterogeneity observed in its correlates. 349 adults aged 18-38 years (M = 23.2, SD = 4.5, 54.7% male, 61.03% with ADHD) completed a multi-informant diagnostic procedure and a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Jessica R Lunsford-Avery, Scott H Kollins, John T Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms uniquely contribute to psychiatric and functional outcomes in child samples; however, the psychometric properties of SCT measures among adult outpatients are unknown. METHOD: Adults ( n = 124) presenting for an ADHD evaluation provided self- and collateral report of SCT symptoms. RESULTS: The SCT scale had good internal consistency and yielded three factors across raters: Slow/Daydreamy, Sleepy/Sluggish, and Low Initiation/Persistence...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
2018-07-29 19:15:10
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