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SonoKids SOFT-TISSUE infection

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Marco Di Serafino, Chiara Gullotto, Chiara Gregorini, Claudia Nocentini
Fournier's gangrene is a rapidly progressing necrotizing fasciitis involving the perineal, perianal, or genital regions and constitutes a true surgical emergency with a potentially high mortality rate. Although the diagnosis of Fournier's gangrene is often made clinically, emergency ultrasonography and computed tomography lead to an early diagnosis with accurate assessment of disease extent. The Authors report their experience in ultrasound diagnosis of one case of Fournier's gangrene of testis illustrating the main sonographic signs and imaging diagnostic protocol...
December 2014: Journal of Ultrasound
Allison Sauler, Turandot Saul, Resa E Lewiss
Pyomyositis (PM) is an infection of skeletal muscle, often associated with an abscess. Patients typically have predisposing risk factors or are immune compromised. The disease is often misdiagnosed, mistreated,and goes undetected until late in the patient's clinical course.We present a case of a patient without obvious predisposing risk factors who complained of right thigh pain, swelling, redness, and fevers for 4 days.Point-of-care ultrasound revealed muscle edema and subcutaneous emphysema without signs of an overlying cellulitis...
March 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Geoffrey E Hayden, Kelley S Lybrand, E Page Bridges, Joseph D Losek, Bradley C Presley
BACKGROUND: Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are common disease presentations to the emergency department (ED), with the majority of the infections attributed to community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Rapid and accurate identification of potentially serious SSTIs is critical. Clinician-performed ultrasonography (CPUS) is increasingly common in the ED, and assists in rapid and accurate identification of a variety of disease processes. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old female presented to the ED with chin swelling and "boils...
November 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Eric Mercier, Marc-Charles
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether bedside ultrasound was accurate at diagnosing necrotising fasciitis in patients with limb infections. A total of 187 papers were found using the reported searches, of which one presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of this paper is tabulated. It is concluded that there is limited evidence supporting the use of bedside ultrasound as an adjunct diagnostic tool in differentiating cellulitis from necrotising fasciitis in patients with a limb infection...
August 2014: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Romolo J Gaspari, David Blehar, David Polan, Anthony Montoya, Amal Alsulaibikh, Andrew Liteplo
OBJECTIVES: Treatment failure rates for incision and drainage (I&D) of skin abscesses have increased in recent years and may be attributable to an increased prevalence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA). Previous authors have described sonographic features of abscesses, such as the presence of interstitial fluid, characteristics of abscess debris, and depth of abscess cavity. It is possible that the sonographic features are associated with MRSA and can be used to predict the presence of MRSA...
May 2014: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
R Wunsch, L von Rohden, R Cleaveland, V Aumann
Small-part sonography refers to the display of small, near-surface structures using high-frequency linear array transducers. Traditional applications for small part ultrasound imaging include visualization and differential diagnostic evaluation in unclear superficial bodily structures with solid, liquid and mixed texture, as well as similar structures in nearly superficial organs such as the thyroid glands and the testes. Furthermore indications in the head and neck regions are the assessment of the outer CSF spaces in infants, the sonography of the orbit, the sonography of the walls of the large neck vessels, the visualization of superficially situated lymph nodes and neoplasms...
September 2014: European Journal of Radiology
Alexander C Lee, Hamid Shokoohi, Kyla Newman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Elena Minakova, Stephanie J Doniger
Myiasis, or the infiltration of the botfly larvae, is a relatively frequent problem encountered by travelers to parts of Latin America. This is a novel case report that documents a Dermatobia hominis infestation of the left facial region with secondary periorbital cellulitis diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasonography.
June 2014: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jennifer R Marin, Anthony J Dean, Warren B Bilker, Nova L Panebianco, Naomi J Brown, Elizabeth R Alpern
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate the test characteristics of clinical examination (CE) with the addition of bedside emergency ultrasound (CE+EUS) compared to CE alone in determining skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) that require drainage in pediatric patients. METHODS: This was a prospective study of CE+EUS as a diagnostic test for the evaluation of patients 2 months to 19 years of age evaluated for SSTIs in a pediatric emergency department (ED). Two physicians clinically and independently evaluated each lesion, and the reliability of the CE for diagnosing lesions requiring drainage was calculated...
June 2013: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Katrina Iverson, Demetris Haritos, Ronald Thomas, Nirupama Kannikeswaran
BACKGROUND: Presentation of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) to the pediatric emergency department (PED) has increased. Physical examination alone can be inadequate in differentiating cellulitis from an abscess. The purposes of this study were to determine the effect of bedside ultrasound (US) in improving diagnostic accuracy for SSTIs in the PED and to evaluate its effect on the management of patients with SSTIs. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of a convenience sample of children who presented to an inner-city PED with signs and symptoms of SSTI...
October 2012: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Adam B Sivitz, Samuel H F Lam, Daniela Ramirez-Schrempp, Jonathan H Valente, Arun D Nagdev
BACKGROUND: Superficial soft-tissue infections (SSTI) are frequently managed in the emergency department (ED). Soft-tissue bedside ultrasound (BUS) for SSTI has not been specifically studied in the pediatric ED setting. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a soft-tissue BUS evaluation on the clinical diagnosis and management of pediatric superficial soft-tissue infection. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in two urban academic pediatric EDs...
November 2010: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Daniela Ramirez-Schrempp, David H Dorfman, William E Baker, Andrew S Liteplo
Soft tissue infections frequently prompt visits to the pediatric emergency department. The incidence of these infections has increased markedly in recent years. The emergence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is associated with an increasing morbidity, mortality, and frequency of abscess formation. Bedside ultrasound may have a significant impact in the management of patients that present to the pediatric emergency department with soft tissue infections, including cellulitis, cutaneous abscess, peritonsillar abscess, and necrotizing fasciitis...
January 2009: Pediatric Emergency Care
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