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SonoKids PROC arthrocentesis

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
Lydia Sahlani, Laura Thompson, Amar Vira, Ashish R Panchal
The widespread availability of ultrasound (US) technology has increased its use for point of care applications in many health care settings. Focused (point of care) US is defined as the act of bringing US evaluation to the bedside for real-time performance. These images are collected immediately by the practitioner, allowing for direct integration into the physician's medical decision-making process. The real-time bedside diagnostic ability of US becomes a key tool for the management of patients. The purpose of this review is to (1) provide a general description of the use of focused US for bedside procedures; (2) specify the indications and common techniques used in bedside US procedures; and (3) describe the techniques used for each bedside intervention...
April 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Jennifer C Laine, Jaime R Denning, Anthony I Riccio, ChanHee Jo, Jeanne M Joglar, Robert L Wimberly
In the assessment of septic arthritis of the hip in a pediatric population, ultrasound is a safe and easily conducted method to confirm an effusion. The need for MRI to further evaluate the patient for adjacent infection before treatment is debatable. Once an effusion is confirmed on ultrasonography, we have found that septic arthritis of the hip does not need advanced imaging before arthrotomy and debridement. Patients who fail to clinically respond to an initial hip arthrotomy and appropriate antibiotics may benefit from an MRI for the identification of concomitant infections that may require surgical intervention...
March 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
James W Tsung, Michael Blaivas
Children with complaints of hip pain, a painful limp, or refusal to weight bear commonly present to the Emergency Department (ED). The ability to use point-of-care ultrasound in the ED to diagnose a hip joint effusion and to guide arthrocentesis can be helpful to facilitate diagnosis and management of these children. The capsular-synovial thickness of the hip is measured from the anterior bony cortical surface to the posterior surface of the iliopsoas muscle at the concavity of the femoral neck. A capsular-synovial thickness>5 mm, or >2 mm difference compared to the asymptomatic contralateral hip are the described sonographic criteria for hip joint effusion in children...
November 2008: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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