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SonoKids CCM

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48 papers 25 to 100 followers
Daniel Mantuani, Bradley W Frazee, Jahan Fahimi, Arun Nagdev
INTRODUCTION: Determining the etiology of acute dyspnea in emregency department (ED) patients is often difficult. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) holds promise for improving immediate diagnostic accuracy (after history and physical), thus improving use of focused therapies. We evaluate the impact of a three-part POCUS exam, or "triple scan" (TS) - composed of abbreviated echocardiography, lung ultrasound and inferior vena cava (IVC) collapsibility assessment - on the treating physician's immediate diagnostic impression...
January 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Michele Umbrello, Paolo Formenti
The majority of patients admitted to the ICU require mechanical ventilation as a part of their process of care. However, mechanical ventilation itself or the underlying disease can lead to dysfunction of the diaphragm, a condition that may contribute to the failure of weaning from mechanical ventilation. However, extended time on the ventilator increases health-care costs and greatly increases patient morbidity and mortality. Nevertheless, symptoms and signs of muscle disease in a bedridden (or bed rest-only) ICU patient are often difficult to assess because of concomitant confounding factors...
April 2016: Respiratory Care
Mitchell R Camp, Dawn E Light
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Military Medicine
Heloisa Amaral Gaspar, Samira Saady Morhy
Echocardiography is a key tool for hemodynamic assessment in Intensive Care Units (ICU). Focused echocardiography performed by nonspecialist physicians has a limited scope, and the most relevant parameters assessed by focused echocardiography in Pediatric ICU are left ventricular systolic function, fluid responsiveness, cardiac tamponade and pulmonary hypertension. Proper ability building of pediatric emergency care physicians and intensivists to perform focused echocardiography is feasible and provides improved care of severely ill children and thus should be encouraged...
2015: BioMed Research International
Fatma Rabah, Khalfan Al-Senaidi, Ismail Beshlawi, Alddai Alnair, Anas-Alwogud Ahmed Abdelmogheth
OBJECTIVE: Echocardiography has become an indispensable bedside diagnostic tool in the realm of pediatric intensive care units (PICU). It has proven to be an influential factor in the formula of clinical decision-making. This study aimed to delineate the impact of echocardiography on the management of critically ill pediatric patients in the PICU at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman. METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in a five-bed PICU...
January 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Christopher W C Lee, Pierre D Kory, Robert T Arntfield
Appropriate fluid resuscitation has been a major focus of critical care medicine since its inception. Currently, the most accurate method to guide fluid administration decisions uses "dynamic" measures that estimate the change in cardiac output that would occur in response to a fluid bolus. Unfortunately, their use remains limited due to required technical expertise, costly equipment, or applicability in only a subset of patients. Alternatively, point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become widely used as a tool to help clinicians prescribe fluid therapy...
February 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Heidi L Frankel, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Mahmoud Elbarbary, Michael Blaivas, Himanshu Desai, David Evans, Douglas T Summerfield, Anthony Slonim, Raoul Breitkreutz, Susanna Price, Paul E Marik, Daniel Talmor, Alexander Levitov
OBJECTIVE: To establish evidence-based guidelines for the use of bedside ultrasound by intensivists and specialists in the ICU and equivalent care sites for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes for organs of the chest, abdomen, pelvis, neck, and extremities. METHODS: The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation system was used to determine the strength of recommendations as either strong or conditional/weak and to rank the "levels" of quality of evidence into high (A), moderate (B), or low (C) and thus generating six "grades" of recommendation (1A-1B-1C-2A-2B-2C)...
November 2015: Critical Care Medicine
Amélie Bernier-Jean, Martin Albert, Ariel L Shiloh, Lewis A Eisen, David Williamson, Yanick Beaulieu
PURPOSE: In light of point-of-care ultrasonography's (POCUS) recent rise in popularity, assessment of its impact on diagnosis and treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU) is of key importance. METHODS: Ultrasound examinations were collected through an ultrasound reporting software in 6 multidisciplinary ICU units from 3 university hospitals in Canada and the United States. This database included a self-reporting questionnaire to assess the impact of the ultrasound findings on diagnosis and treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Pablo Blanco, Francisco Miralles Aguiar, Michael Blaivas
Ultrasound assessment of patients in shock is becoming the standard of care in emergency and critical care settings worldwide. One of the most common protocols used for this assessment is the rapid ultrasound in shock (RUSH) examination. The RUSH protocol is a rapid evaluation of cardiac function, key vascular structures, and likely sources of hypotension. Stroke volume is an established important value to assess in the setting of shock, allowing the provider to predict the patient's response to treatment. However, the calculation of stroke volume or its surrogates is not part of any protocol, including RUSH...
September 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Laurent Muller, Karim Lakhal, Zoe Meresse, Charlotte Arbelot, Pierre-Marie Bertrand, Belaid Bouhemad, Bernard Cholley, Didier Demory, Serge Duperret, Jacques Duranteau, Christophe Guervilly, Emmanuelle Hammad, Carole Ichai, Samir Jaber, Olivier Langeron, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Yazine Mahjoub, Eric Maury, Eric Meaudre, Fabrice Michel, Michel Muller, Cyril Nafati, Sébastien Perbet, Hervé Quintard, Béatrice Riu, Coralie Vigne, Kathia Chaumoitre, François Antonini, Bernard Allaouchiche, Claude Martin, Jean-Michel Constantin, Daniel De Backer, Marc Leone
OBJECTIVE: To describe current use and diagnostic and therapeutic impacts of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in the intensive care unit (ICU). BACKGROUND: POCUS is of growing importance in the ICU. Several guidelines recommend its use for procedural guidance and diagnostic assessment. Nevertheless, its current use and clinical impact remain unknown. METHODS: Prospective multicentric study in 142 ICUs in France, Belgium, and Switzerland. All the POCUS procedures performed during a 24-h period were prospectively analyzed...
September 2015: Intensive Care Medicine
Daniel B Park, Bradley C Presley, Thomas Cook, Geoffrey E Hayden
The evaluation of critically ill children in the emergency department is oftentimes challenging. Point-of-care ultrasound is an essential tool in the rapid identification of reversible pathology and provides unique insight into the appropriate treatment approach. In this article, we discuss a straightforward sonographic approach to pediatric patients who present in shock.
August 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
R Eliot Fagley, Michael F Haney, Anne-Sophie Beraud, Thomas Comfere, Benjamin Adam Kohl, Matthias Johannes Merkel, Aliaksei Pustavoitau, Peter von Homeyer, Chad Edward Wagner, Michael H Wall
OBJECTIVE: In this review, we define learning goals and recommend competencies concerning focused basic critical care ultrasound (CCUS) for critical care specialists in training. DESIGN: The narrative review is, and the recommendations contained herein are, sponsored by the Society of Critical Care Anesthesiologists. Our recommendations are based on a structured literature review by an expert panel of anesthesiology intensivists and cardiologists with formal training in ultrasound...
May 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Uri Adrian Prync Flato, Edison Ferreira Paiva, Mariana Teixeira Carballo, Anna Maria Buehler, Roberto Marco, Ari Timerman
AIM: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) during cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) has been studied in victims of cardiac arrests. Our objective was to evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of TTE in victims of cardiac arrest with non-shockable rhythms hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: This prospective and observational cohort study evaluated ICU patients with CPA in asystole or pulseless electrical activity (PEA). Intensivists performed TTE during intervals of up to 10s as established in the treatment protocol...
July 2015: Resuscitation
Federico Barbariol, Luigi Vetrugno, Livia Pompei, Adelisa De Flaviis, Giorgio Della Rocca
In some intensive care, nowadays, ultrasound diagnostics have become an extension of the physical examination (like a stethoscope). In this report, we discuss the case of an acute respiratory failure which arose immediately after the end of general anesthesia. An initial bedside ultrasound evaluation applying the 'BLUE protocol' showed no pathological changes capable of explaining the clinical picture; however, by evaluating also the right and left hemidiaphragms, we made a diagnosis of diaphragmatic dysfunction, which would probably have been difficult to diagnose without the aid of the diaphragm ultrasound...
2015: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Erik Su, Aliaksei Pustavoitau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Mohammad Reza Ghane, Mohammadhadi Gharib, Ali Ebrahimi, Morteza Saeedi, Marjan Akbari-Kamrani, Maryam Rezaee, Hamidreza Rasouli
BACKGROUND: Rapid Ultrasound in Shock (RUSH) is a recently reported emergency ultrasound protocol designed to help clinicians better recognize distinctive shock etiologies in a short time. We tried to evaluate the accuracy of early RUSH protocol performed by emergency physicians to predict the shock type in critically ill patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our prospective study was approved by the ethics committee of trauma research center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Science, Iran...
January 2015: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
Aaron E Kornblith, Sandrijn van Schaik, Teri Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the learning needs of pediatric critical care (PCC) physicians in bedside ultrasound (BUS) use. METHODS: This was a survey-based study conducted at an academic center with a PCC fellowship program. We surveyed PCC fellows and faculty to elicit their views on BUS and asked them about the frequency of use, their perception of the clinical utility, and their level of confidence in performing different BUS applications...
March 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
Thomas Weber, Thomas Wagner, Konrad Neumann, Engelbert Deusch
OBJECTIVE: To predict fluid responsiveness by noninvasive methods in a pediatric critical care population. DESIGN: Prospective observational clinical trial. SETTING: PICU in a tertiary care academic hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty-one pediatric patients aged from 1 day to 13 years under mechanical ventilation and on catecholamine support. INTERVENTIONS: We tested three noninvasive methods to predict fluid responsiveness: an esophageal Doppler system (CardioQ), a pulse contour analysis algorithm system (LiDCOrapid), and respiratory variations in vena cava inferior diameter...
March 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Thomas W Conlon, Adam S Himebauch, Julie C Fitzgerald, Aaron E Chen, Anthony J Dean, Nova Panebianco, Kassa Darge, Meryl S Cohen, William J Greeley, Robert A Berg, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and describe the process of implementing a pediatric critical care bedside ultrasound program in a large academic PICU and to evaluate the impact of bedside ultrasound on clinical management. DESIGN: Retrospective case series, description of program implementation. SETTING: Single-center quaternary noncardiac PICU in a children's hospital. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients from January 22, 2012, to July 22, 2012, with bedside ultrasounds performed and interpreted by pediatric critical care practitioners...
March 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Emeric Gallard, Jean-Philippe Redonnet, Jean-Eudes Bourcier, Dominique Deshaies, Nicolas Largeteau, Jeanne-Marie Amalric, Fouad Chedaddi, Jean-Marie Bourgeois, Didier Garnier, Thomas Geeraerts
OBJECTIVE: The etiologic diagnosis of acute dyspnea in the emergency department (ED) remains difficult, especially for elderly patients or those with previous cardiorespiratory medical history. This may lead to inappropriate treatment and potentially a higher mortality rate. Our objective was to evaluate the performance of cardiopulmonary ultrasound compared with usual care for the etiologic diagnosis of acute dyspnea in the ED. METHODS: Patients admitted to the ED for acute dyspnea underwent upon arrival a cardiopulmonary ultrasound performed by an emergency physician, in addition to standard care...
March 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
2015-01-16 22:33:22
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