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Damage control surgery

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6 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Giovanni Gambino M.D. Ph.D.
M J Pommerening, L S Kao, K J Sowards, C E Wade, J B Holcomb, B A Cotton
BACKGROUND: Damage control laparotomy (DCL) is used widely in the management of patients with traumatic injuries but carries significant morbidity. Surgical-site infection (SSI) also carries potential morbidity, increased costs and prolonged hospital stay. The aim of this study was to determine whether primary skin closure after DCL increases the risk of SSI. METHODS: This was a retrospective institutional review of injured patients undergoing DCL between 2004 and 2012...
January 2015: British Journal of Surgery
Demetrios Demetriades, Ali Salim
The open abdomen has become the standard of care in damage-control procedures, the management of intra-abdominal hypertension, and in severe intra-abdominal sepsis. This approach has saved many lives but has also created new problems, such as severe fluid and protein loss, nutritional problems, enteroatmospheric fistulas, fascial retraction with loss of abdominal domain, and development of massive incisional hernias. Early definitive closure is the basis of preventing or reducing the risk of these complications...
February 2014: Surgical Clinics of North America
H M A Kaafarani, G C Velmahos
INTRODUCTION: Most preventable trauma deaths are due to uncontrolled hemorrhage. METHODS: In this article, we briefly describe the pathophysiology of the classical triad of death in trauma, namely, acidosis, hypothermia, and coagulopathy, and then suggest damage control resuscitation strategies to prevent and/or mitigate the effects of each in the bleeding patient. RESULTS: Damage control resuscitation strategies include body rewarming, restrictive fluid administration, permissive hypotension, balanced blood product administration, and the implementation of massive transfusion protocols...
June 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
Chad G Ball
Damage control resuscitation (DCR) represents the natural evolution of the initial concept of damage control surgery. It currently includes early blood product transfusion, immediate arrest and/or temporization of ongoing hemorrhage (i.e., temporary intravascular shunts and/or balloon tamponade) as well as restoration of blood volume and physiologic/hematologic stability. As a result, DCR addresses the early coagulopathy of trauma, avoids massive crystalloid resuscitation and leaves the peritoneal cavity open when a patient approaches physiologic exhaustion without improvement...
February 2014: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Shang-Yu Wang, Chien-Hung Liao, Chih-Yuan Fu, Shih-Ching Kang, Chun-Hsiang Ouyang, I-Ming Kuo, Jr-Rung Lin, Yu-Pao Hsu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Shao-Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: We present a series of patients with blunt abdominal trauma who underwent damage control laparotomy (DCL) and introduce a nomogram that we created to predict survival among these patients. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. From January 2002 to June 2012, 91 patients underwent DCL for hemorrhagic shock. We excluded patients with the following characteristics: a penetrating abdominal injury, age younger than 18 or older than 65 years, a severe or life-threatening brain injury (Abbreviated Injury Scale [AIS] ≥ 4), emergency department (ED) arrival more than 6 hours after injury, pregnancy, end-stage renal disease, or cirrhosis...
April 28, 2014: BMC Surgery
D G Weber, C Bendinelli, Z J Balogh
BACKGROUND: Damage control surgery is a management sequence initiated to reduce the risk of death in severely injured patients presenting with physiological derangement. Damage control principles have emerged as an approach in non-trauma abdominal emergencies in order to reduce mortality compared with primary definitive surgery. METHODS: A PubMed/MEDLINE literature review was conducted of data available over the past decade (up to August 2013) to gain information on current understanding of damage control surgery for abdominal surgical emergencies...
January 2014: British Journal of Surgery
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