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Cadaver reaearch

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19 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Benjamin Cunningham Emergency physician
Brandon Henry, Philip Clark, Ranjan Sudan
BACKGROUND: The cost and logistics of deploying the American College of Surgeons (ACS)/Association of Program Directors in Surgery (APDS) National Technical Skills Curriculum across all training years are not known. This information is essential for residency programs choosing to adopt similar curricula. METHODS: A task force evaluated the authors' institution's existing simulation curriculum and enhanced it by implementing the ACS/APDS modules. A 35-module curriculum was administered to 35 general surgery residents across all 5 clinical years...
February 2014: American Journal of Surgery
Jaime Gasco, Thomas J Holbrook, Achal Patel, Adrian Smith, David Paulson, Alan Muns, Sohum Desai, Marc Moisi, Yong-Fan Kuo, Bart Macdonald, Juan Ortega-Barnett, Joel T Patterson
BACKGROUND: The effort required to introduce simulation in neurosurgery academic programs and the benefits perceived by residents have not been systematically assessed. OBJECTIVE: To create a neurosurgery simulation curriculum encompassing basic and advanced skills, cadaveric dissection, cranial and spine surgery simulation, and endovascular and computerized haptic training. METHODS: A curriculum with 68 core exercises per academic year was distributed in individualized sets of 30 simulations to 6 neurosurgery residents...
October 2013: Neurosurgery
Dimitrios Stefanidis, Thomas C Yonce, John M Green, Aikaterini P Coker
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to compare the value of porcine versus cadaveric models for procedural training of general surgery residents outside the operating room (OR). METHODS: Two procedural workshops for general surgery residents based on the American College of Surgeons/Association of Program Directors in Surgery national skills curriculum were administered. During each workshop, 7 surgery faculty taught 16 residents level-appropriate operative procedures on 4 training models (2 cadaver torsos; 2 pigs)...
July 2013: Surgery
Stefanie Ellison, Christine Sullivan, Robert McCullough
The practice of emergency medicine (EM) requires proficient and expert skills in multiple high risk procedures. The emergency physician in-training needs a safe and realistic environment in which to practice and perfect the skills necessary to care for patients ranging from the critically ill to the patient with difficult intravenous access. Undergraduate medical, education overall has a need for training that enables students to develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes to practice in a variety of specialties...
March 2013: Missouri Medicine
Mitesh Sharma, David Macafee, Alan F Horgan
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether training on fresh cadavers improves the laparoscopic skills performance of novices. METHODS: Junior surgical trainees, novices (<3 laparoscopic procedure performed) in laparoscopic surgery, were randomized into control (group A) and practice groups (group B). Group B performed 10 repetitions of a set of structured laparoscopic tasks on fresh frozen cadavers (FFCs) improvised from fundamentals of laparoscopic skills technical curriculum...
July 2013: American Journal of Surgery
Catherine E Lewis, Warwick J Peacock, Areti Tillou, O Joe Hines, Jonathan R Hiatt
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of a cadaver-based educational program and report our residents' assessment of the new program. DESIGN: An anatomy-based educational program was developed using fresh frozen cadavers to teach surgical anatomy and operative skills to general surgery (GS) trainees. Residents were asked to complete a voluntary, anonymous survey evaluating perceptions of the program (6 questions formulated on a 5-point Likert scale) and comparing cadaver sessions to other types of learning (4 rank order questions)...
November 2012: Journal of Surgical Education
Hania Wehbe-Janek, Colleen Y Colbert, Cara Govednik-Horny, Bobbie Ann A White, Scott Thomas, Mohsen Shabahang
BACKGROUND: Simulation has altered surgical curricula throughout residency programs. The purpose of this multimethod study was to explore residents' perceptions of simulation within surgical residency as relevant stakeholder feedback and program evaluation of the surgery simulation curriculum. METHODS: Focus groups were held with a sample of surgery residents (n = 25) at a university-affiliated program. Residents participated in focus groups based on level of training and completed questionnaires regarding simulation curricula...
June 2012: Surgery
Brita E Zaia, Beau Briese, Sarah R Williams, Laleh Gharahbaghian
BACKGROUND: As the use of bedside emergency ultrasound (US) increases, so does the need for effective US education. OBJECTIVES: To determine 1) what pathology can be reliably simulated and identified by US in human cadavers, and 2) feasibility of using cadavers to improve the comfort of emergency medicine (EM) residents with specific US applications. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional survey study assessed utility of cadaver simulation to train EM residents in diagnostic US...
October 2012: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Michael J Barrington, Daniel M Wong, Ben Slater, Jason J Ivanusic, Matthew Ovens
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound needle visualization is a fundamental skill required for competency in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. The primary objective of this study using a cadaver model was to quantify the number of procedures that novices need to perform before competency, using a predefined dynamic scoring system was achieved in ultrasound needle visualization skills. METHODS: Fifteen trainees, novices to ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia, performed 30 simulated sciatic nerve blocks in cadavers...
May 2012: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Lance Hoffman, Michael C Wadman, Tammi Erickson, Robert Muelleman
OBJECTIVE: Residency applicants consider a variety of factors when ranking emergency medicine (EM) programs for their NRMP match list. A human cadaver emergency procedure lab curriculum is uncommon. We hypothesized that the presence this curriculum would positively impact the ranking of an EM residency program. METHODS: The EM residency at Nebraska Medical Center is an urban, university-based program with a PGY I-III format. Residency applicants during the interview for a position in the PGY I class of 2006 were surveyed by three weekly electronic mailings...
August 2008: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jeffrey A Tabas, Jon Rosenson, Daniel D Price, Dana Rohde, Carina H Baird, Nripendra Dhillon
BACKGROUND: Preparing medical students for residency in emergency medicine involves education in many areas of knowledge and skill, including instruction in advanced emergency procedures. OBJECTIVES: To outline the logistics involved in running a training course in advanced emergency procedures for fourth-year medical students and to report students' perceptions of the impact of the course. METHODS: The course is a cadaver-based training laboratory that utilizes several teaching modalities, including a Web-based syllabus and online streaming video, didactic lecture, hands-on practice with models and ultrasound, and hands-on practice with unembalmed (fresh) cadavers...
August 2005: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Timothy J Reeder, Charles K Brown, Donald L Norris
This study examines airway management issues in Emergency Medicine residency programs (EMRP) including; airway adjunct availability and frequency of use, number of pediatric intubations, approach to trauma airways, and teaching methods. Surveys were distributed to all accredited EM program directors, who were asked about these issues. Availability of airway adjuncts among respondents included: cricothyrotomy kits (94.9%), fiberoptic scopes (76.3%), Bougies (69.5%), LMAs (66.1%), intubating LMAs (61.0%), lighted stylets (54...
May 2005: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Catherine B Custalow, Monica Williams-Murphy
Many Emergency Medicine residencies incorporate animal laboratories into their training for procedural education because clinical opportunities to practice some emergency technical procedures are limited. To determine the proportion of Emergency Medicine residency programs utilizing animal laboratories, their characteristics, and the major impediments to providing animal laboratories, a cross-sectional descriptive survey of Emergency Medicine residency directors was conducted. Surveys were returned by 109/123 (89%) program directors...
April 2004: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Lawrence Proano, Liudvikas Jagminas, Clark S Homan, Steve Reinert
A prior study evaluated the efficacy of a dog laboratory to teach residents chest tube thoracostomy. This study evaluated a similarly structured program using human cadavers. A prospective repeat measure study of chest tube thoracostomy placement training was performed in a university laboratory setting using human cadavers. Ten Emergency Medicine residents were given a written pretest, followed by training. Resident attempts were then timed. The following day, a repeat test was administered. Three weeks later, a third written post-test was conducted...
July 2002: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mark W Fourre
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of performing procedures on the recently deceased for training purposes in emergency departments (EDs) with emergency medicine (EM) training programs. METHODS: Surveys were mailed to program directors of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-approved residency programs in EM. A check-off system was used to identify which procedures were performed and who performed the procedure. The survey also documented whether consent was obtained and whether written policies exist that address this issue...
June 2002: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
G P Moore
The use of the newly dead to teach procedures is widely practiced in training institutions. This model allows a realistic opportunity both to become more familiar with lifesaving maneuvers before they are actually necessary and to maintain proficiency. Whether to notify the next of kin first has been an issue of ethical debate. Some argue a "don't ask, don't tell" policy is justified, while others mandate open consent by family members prior to the practice. Several medical studies have found that patients and families are likely to consent to the procedures but prefer to be asked permission first...
April 2001: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
T S Hudson
One-third to one-half of emergency departments in the United States and Australia perform endotracheal intubations (ETI's) on the newly dead. Sixty-three percent of emergency medicine and 58% of neonatal critical care training programs allowed procedures to be performed on patients after death; only 10% of these programs required family consent for this practice. This article reviews the arguments for and against this ethical issue. A case study is included to highlight the issue's complexity, and to assist readers in identifying their beliefs (and those of their institutions) about the tissue...
March 2000: JONA'S Healthcare Law, Ethics and Regulation
C J Denny, D Kollek
We sought to measure the prevalence of practicing procedures on the recently dead in emergency departments. Surveys were mailed to all medical students, interns, residents in Emergency Medicine, emergency physicians, and trauma team leaders working in the teaching hospitals of a city with a population of 600,000. Of 447 distributed surveys, 222 (49%) were returned. Participants were divided into learners and teachers. Of the learners (n = 162), 6 (4%) had practiced intubation and 4 (3%) had practiced pericardiocentesis on a recently dead patient...
November 1999: Journal of Emergency Medicine
D K Morhaim, M B Heller
There are few data available regarding the emergency department practice of using recently dead patients (RDP) for practice and training in endotracheal intubation (ETI/RDP). We investigated several aspects of practice by means of a survey sent to all 5,397 emergency departments in the country. Of the 992 (18.3%) responses, 537 (54.1%) did practice ETI/RDP; 455 (45.8%) did not (P less than 0.005). ETI/RDP was used significantly more commonly for instruction of paramedics (411 institutions [77%]), than for other classes of health providers (P less than 0...
November 1991: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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